Ateneum

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Ateneum
Helsinki July 2013-26a.jpg
Ateneum art museum
Ateneum is located in Helsinki (mainland)
Ateneum
The location of the museum in Helsinki
Established1887 (1887)
LocationFinland Helsinki, Finland
Coordinates60°10′12″N 024°56′39″E / 60.17000°N 24.94417°E / 60.17000; 24.94417Coordinates: 60°10′12″N 024°56′39″E / 60.17000°N 24.94417°E / 60.17000; 24.94417
TypeArt museum
Key holdingsThe Wounded Angel, Lemminkäinen's Mother, Aino triptych, Raatajat rahanalaiset (Kaski), Street in Auvers-sur-Oise
Collection size4,300+ paintings, 750+ sculptures
Visitors400 000 (2012)[1]
DirectorMarja Sakari (2018 - )[2][3]
Websiteateneum.fi

Ateneum is an art museum in Helsinki, Finland and one of the three museums forming the Finnish National Gallery. It is located in the centre of Helsinki on the south side of Rautatientori square close to Helsinki Central railway station. It has the biggest collections of classical art in Finland. Before 1991 the Ateneum building also housed the Finnish Academy of Fine Arts and University of Art and Design Helsinki.

Maxim Gorky visiting Ateneum, c. 1906

Collections[edit]

The collections of Ateneum include Finnish art extensively from 18th-century rococo portraiture to the experimental art movements of the 20th century. The collections also include some 650 international works of art. One of them is Vincent van Gogh's Street in Auvers-sur-Oise (1890), which when deposited to Ateneum in 1903 made it the first museum collection in the world to include a Vincent van Gogh painting.[4] Other notable works include Albert Edelfelt’s The Luxembourg Garden (1887), Akseli Gallen-Kallela’s Aino Triptych (1891), Eero Järnefelt’s Under the Yoke (Burning the Brushwood) (1893) and Hugo Simberg’s Wounded Angel (1903).[5][6]

Notable works[edit]

Architecture[edit]

The Ateneum building was designed by Theodor Höijer and completed in 1887.[7]

The facade of Ateneum is decorated with statues and reliefs which contain a lot of symbols. Above the main entrance, in the second floor, are busts of three famous classical artists: architect Bramante, painter Raphael and sculptor Phidias. Above the busts, in the third floor, four caryatids support the pediment. These symbolize the four classical art forms: sculpture, painting, geometry, and architecture.[8] The facade culminates in a collage of sculptures in which the Goddess of Art, Pallas Athene, blesses the products of the different art forms. Below the pediment's collage is the Latin phrase Concordia res parvae crescunt (With concord small things increase), which is usually understood in Helsinki to refer to the long-lasting battle of the Finnish art circles in order to establish the museum. All the statues were by Carl Eneas Sjöstrand.[7]

In between the second floor windows are 16 medallion-style reliefs by Ville Vallgren representing some of Finland's most well known creative people of his day, including painter Aleksander Lauréus, Werner Holmberg and the architect Carl Ludvig Engel. Other ornamental elements were sculpted by Magnus von Wright.[7]

The Ateneum building is owned by Senate Properties (Finnish: Senaatti-kiinteistöt), the government real estate provider.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ateneumin kävijämäärässä kaikkien aikojen ennätys" (in Finnish). Helsingin Sanomat. January 2, 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  2. ^ Koppinen, Mari (2 October 2018). "Ateneumille uusi johtaja – Kiasmasta siirtyvä Marja Sakari aloittaa joulukuussa". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  3. ^ Frilander, Aino (2 December 2018). "Ateneumin uusi johtaja Marja Sakari kertoo HS:n haastattelussa, mihin suuntaan hän haluaa museota viedä ja mitä taide hänelle merkitsee – "Taiteessa on sellainen totuudellisuus, joka välittyy ihmisille"". Helsingin Sanomat. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  4. ^ "International collection". Ateneum Art Museum. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "Classics". Ateneum. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  6. ^ Virolainen, Antti (8 May 2020). "Näe Suomen taiteen kultakauden rakastetuimmat klassikot – Ateneumin johtaja esittelee näyttelyn helmet videokierroksella". Ilta-Sanomat. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Ateneum building". ateneum. Retrieved 10 August 2020.
  8. ^ http://vanderkrogt.net/statues/object.php?webpage=ST&record=fi117 Façade decoration of the Ateneum
  9. ^ "Ateneumin taidemuseo". Senaatti. Retrieved 10 August 2020.

External links[edit]