Athabasca rainbow trout

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Athabasca rainbow trout
Athabasca Rainbow Trout.jpg
Athabasca Rainbow Trout
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Salmoniformes
Family: Salmonidae
Genus: Oncorhynchus
Species: Oncorhynchus mykiss
Subspecies: O. mykiss ssp?

The Athabasca rainbow trout is a localized variety of the rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), a fish in the Salmonidae family. It is found in the headwaters of the Athabasca river in Alberta Canada.[1] The Athabasca rainbow trout was considered as a form of the Columbia River redband trout (O. mykiss gairdneri) subspecies in the trout handbook of Robert J. Behnke (1992), but considered a separate, yet unnamed subspecies by L. M. Carl of the Ontario Ministry of Resources in work published in 1994.[1] The Athabasca river is a tributary of the Mackenzie River system which flows north into the Arctic Ocean.

The Athabasca rainbow trout is one of the few native rainbow trout populations found in an Arctic Ocean watershed. Populations of either coastal rainbow trout (O. m. irideus) or Columbia River redband trout (O. m. gairdneri) exist in Peace and Liard river tributaries in the Mackenzie river system.[2]

The Athabasca rainbow is considered a "May be at risk" species[3] in Alberta due to potential habitat loss and hybridization with introduced rainbow trout".[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rasmussen, Joseph B.; Taylor, Eric B. (2009). "Status of the Athabasca Rainbow Trout Oncoryhnchus mykiss in Alberta" (PDF). Government of Alberta-Fish and Wildlife Division. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  2. ^ Behnke, Robert J. (2002). "Redband Trout of the Columbia River Basin". Trout and Salmon of North America. Tomelleri, Joseph R. (illustrator). The Free Press. pp. 81–86. ISBN 0743222202. 
  3. ^ Rasmussen, Joseph B.; Taylor, Eric B. (2009). "Status of the Athabasca Rainbow Trout Oncoryhnchus mykiss in Alberta" (PDF). Government of Alberta-Fish and Wildlife Division. pp. 26–27. Retrieved 2013-11-29. "May be at risk: Any species that may be at risk of extinction or extirpation, and is therefore a candidate for a detailed risk assessment