Athenry

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Athenry
Baile Átha an Rí
Town
Athenry Castle
Athenry is located in Ireland
Athenry
Athenry
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°18′00″N 8°44′46″W / 53.300°N 8.746°W / 53.300; -8.746Coordinates: 53°18′00″N 8°44′46″W / 53.300°N 8.746°W / 53.300; -8.746
Country Ireland
Province Connacht
County County Galway
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Urban 3,950
Irish Grid Reference M500282

Athenry (/æθənˈr/;[2] Irish: Baile Átha an Rí, meaning "Town of the Ford of the King") is a town in County Galway, Ireland, which lies 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of Galway city. Some of the attractions of the medieval town are its town wall, Athenry Castle, its priory and its 13th century Anglo-Norman street-plan. The town is also well known by virtue of the song "The Fields of Athenry".

History[edit]

St. Mary's Parish Church in Athenry.

Its name derives from the ford ('Áth') crossing the river Clarin just east of the settlement. Though other inaccurate explanations are still given, it was called 'Áth na Ríogh' ('Ford of the Kings') because it was the home area of the Cenél nDéigill, kings of the Soghain, whose leading lineage were the Ó Mainnín.[6] On some medieval maps of English origin the town is called Kingstown.

Originally, Soghain was surrounded by Uí Maine to the east, Aidhne to the south, and Maigh Seola to the west. However, after 1135, and by 1152, Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair forcibly incorporated it into the newly created trícha cét of Clann Taidg, ruled by lords such as Fearghal Ó Taidg an Teaghlaigh, who expelled the Ó Mainnín family. In the 1230s the Ó Taidg an Teaghlaigh family were in turn displaced by Meyler de Bermingham.[6]

The earliest remaining building in the town is Athenry Castle which was built sometime before 1240 by Meyler de Bermingham. In 1241, the Dominican Priory was founded, and became an important center for learning and teaching. It was ostensibly closed during the Protestant Reformation but survived until being desecrated and burned during the Mac an Iarla wars of the 1560s–80s, and was finally vandalised by Cromwellians in the 1650s. The medieval walls around Athenry are among the most complete and best preserved in Ireland with 70% of original circuit still standing, along with some of the original towers and the original North gate.[7] The remains of the Lorro Gate were partially unearthed in 2007 during the redevelopment of road works in the area.

In the centre of the town is the 'square'; markets were held from the 17th century onwards and where the town's late 15th century 'Market Cross' is still located. The monument which is of Tabernacle or Lantern type is the only one of its kind in Ireland and the only medieval cross still standing in situ in the country.[8] A Heritage centre now occupies the remains of the mid-13th century St Mary's Collegiate Church adjacent to the town Square. The original medieval church is largely destroyed but in 1828 a Church of Ireland church was built into its chancel.

In 1791, Jean Antoine Coquebert de Montbret visited the town, which he described as:

It covers 50 acres but has not more than 60 houses. [...] There is an abbey of which the ruins are almost all standing. There is a big uninhabited castle called Bermingham's Court [...]. In the middle of Athenry is the stump of a cross destroyed in the wars, on which a crucifix in bas-relief still remains. [...] I noticed at the door of a tavern a large cake decorated with a bouquet. It was a prize for the best dancer. [...] The road from Athenry is very beautiful and there are no barriers.

Moyode Castle is another tall 16th-century fortified tower house of the Dolphin family, which went to the Persse family. The castle is now restored and inhabited and is located 3.5 miles (5.6 km) from the town of Athenry.

Economy and transport[edit]

Athenry Dominican Priory.

Transport[edit]

By road, Athenry is served by the M6 motorway which links Galway city to Dublin. By rail, it is served by the Athenry railway station, which opened on 1 August, 1851 and lies on the Galway–Dublin main line of the Irish rail network.[10] The town is at the junction of the Galway–Dublin line, and the partially complete the Western Railway Corridor (LimerickSligo).

Industry[edit]

In 2015, Apple Inc. decided to build a €850m data center near Athenry, and a similar one in Viborg, Denmark.[11]

Sport[edit]

Athenry is home to the Gaelic Athletic Association St. Mary Club,[12] who have won numerous All-Ireland Senior Club Hurling Championships.

Athenry Athletics Club has a juvenile and a senior section.[13][14] The club has produced two Olympic sprinters, Martina McCarthy and Paul Hession.[15][16] McCarthy represented Ireland in the women's 4 × 400 metres relay at the 2000 Summer Olympics and Hession competed in the men's 200 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Athenry is also home to Athenry F.C., founded in 1971.[17] The club reached the 2006 final of the FAI Junior Cup,[18] and the following year it became the Galway & District League champions for the first time, repeating the same achievement during the 2007–08, 2009–10, and 2014–15 seasons.[19] In 2007, 2008, 2009, 2011 and 2016, Athenry also won the Connacht Junior Cup title.[19]

Athenry is also home of the Athenry Golf Club.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Athenry is twinned with the town of Quimperlé in Brittany (France) and, since 2013, Renews-Cappahayden, Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada).[20][21]

People[edit]

The following is a list of notable natives of Athenry:

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Settlement Athenry (CSO Area Code ST 27012)". Central Statistics Office. 2011. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Athenry is pronounced like Athens without the s, followed by rye; the accent is on the last syllable.
  3. ^ "Histpop — The Online Historical Population Reports Project". HistPop.org. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Lee, John Joseph (1981). "On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses". In Connell, Kenneth Hugh; Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, Leslie A. Irish population, economy, and society: Essays in honour of the late K.H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. pp. 37–56. 
  5. ^ Mokyr, Joel; Ó Gráda, Cormac (1984). "New developments in Irish population history, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  6. ^ a b "The Mannion Clan". MannionClan.org. Retrieved 10 April 2017. 
  7. ^ Rynne, Etienne (1992). Athenry: A Medieval Irish town. Athenry Historical Society. ISBN 0716524740. 
  8. ^ Thomas, Avril (1992). The walled towns of Ireland. Irish Academic Press. ASIN B00382S42I. 
  9. ^ Ní Chinnéide, Síle (1952). "Coquebert de Montbret's: Impressions of Galway City and County in the year 1791". Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society. 25 (1/2): 1–14. ISSN 0332-415X. 
  10. ^ "Irish railways" (PDF). Railscot.co.uk. Archived (PDF) from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  11. ^ McLoughin, Gavin (23 February 2015). "Tech giant Apple to invest €850m in new eco Irish data centre". Irish Independent. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  12. ^ "St. Mary GAA Club Athenry official website". Athenrygaa.it. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  13. ^ "Athenry AC Juvenile Contact Information". AthenryAC.com. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "Athenry AC (Senior) 10th Anniversary - some thoughts and numbers". AthenryAC.com. December 2012. Archived from the original on 7 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "Martina Medals at AAI Games". AthenryAC.com. 18 May 2009. Archived from the original on 7 May 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  16. ^ "Good Luck Paul Hession". AthenryAC.com. 20 August 2007. Archived from the original on 7 May 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2017. 
  17. ^ "Athenry FC History". AthenrySoccerClub.ie. Archived from the original on 29 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  18. ^ "FAI Junior Cup 2006". FAI.it. Football Association of Ireland. Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 5 October 2006. 
  19. ^ a b "Athenry Football Club Roll of Honor". AthenrySoccerClub.ie. Archived from the original on 29 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  20. ^ "Jumelage Quimperlé-Athenry: Pâques en Irlande". Le Télégramme (in French). 12 February 2007. Archived from the original on 12 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "Athenry twinned with Newfoundland town". Galway Advertiser. 5 September 2013. Archived from the original on 12 June 2017. Retrieved 12 June 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]