Atherton, California

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Atherton, California
Town of Atherton
Holbrook-Palmer Park
Holbrook-Palmer Park
Tree on a yellow background
Location of Atherton in San Mateo County, California
Location of Atherton in San Mateo County, California
Atherton is located in California
Atherton
Atherton
Location in the United States
Atherton is located in the United States
Atherton
Atherton
Atherton (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°27′31″N 122°12′0″W / 37.45861°N 122.20000°W / 37.45861; -122.20000Coordinates: 37°27′31″N 122°12′0″W / 37.45861°N 122.20000°W / 37.45861; -122.20000[1]
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountySan Mateo
IncorporatedSeptember 12, 1923[2]
Named forFaxon Dean Atherton[2]
Government
 • City council[5]
  • Mayor Bill Widmer
  • Vice Mayor Rick DeGolia
  • Elizabeth Lewis
  • Michael Lempres
  • Cary Wiest
 • AssemblymemberMarc Berman (D) (24th)[3]
 • State SenatorJosh Becker (D) (13th)[3]
 • U.S. Rep.Anna Eshoo (D) (18th)[4]
Area
 • Total5.05 sq mi (13.07 km2)
 • Land5.02 sq mi (12.99 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)  0.63%
Elevation59 ft (18 m)
Population
 • Total6,914
 • Estimate 
(2019)[8]
7,137
 • Density1,422.85/sq mi (549.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Code[9]
94027
Area code[10]650
FIPS code06-03092
GNIS feature IDs1657960, 2411651
Websitewww.ci.atherton.ca.us

Atherton is an incorporated town in San Mateo County, California, United States. Its population was 6,914 as of 2010.

Atherton is known for its wealth; in 1990 and 2019,[11] Atherton was ranked as having the highest per capita income among U.S. towns with a population between 2,500 and 9,999,[12] and it is regularly ranked as the most expensive ZIP Code in the United States.[13][14][15]

Geography[edit]

Atherton was originally part of Rancho de las Pulgas, granted to Californio politician José Darío Argüello in 1795.

Atherton is located at 37°27′31″N 122°12′00″W / 37.458615°N 122.200099°W / 37.458615; -122.200099.[16]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which, 5.0 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) of it (0.63%) is water.

Atherton lies two miles (3.2 km) southeast of Redwood City, and 18 miles (29 km) northwest of San Jose. The town is considered to be part of the San Francisco metropolitan area.

The town has a former Caltrain station which permanently closed in December 2020.[17]

Government[edit]

Atherton's current land use goal is "To preserve the Town's character as a scenic, rural, thickly wooded residential area with abundant open space."[18]

In the California State Legislature, Atherton is in the 13th Senate District, represented by Democrat Josh Becker, and in the 24th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Marc Berman.[19]

In the United States House of Representatives, Atherton is in California's 18th congressional district, represented by Democrat Anna Eshoo.[20]

The city is served by the Atherton Public Library of the San Mateo County Libraries, a member of the Peninsula Library System.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19301,324
19401,90844.1%
19503,63090.3%
19607,717112.6%
19708,0854.8%
19807,797−3.6%
19907,163−8.1%
20007,1940.4%
20106,914−3.9%
2019 (est.)7,137[8]3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[21]

In September 2010, Forbes magazine placed Atherton's ZIP code of 94027 at #2 on its annual list of America's most expensive zip codes.[22] In October 2013, 94027 moved to #1 on the list,[23] where it remained through at least 2018,[24][25][26][27] save for 2016 when it appeared at #3.[28] In context, Beverly Hills was placed at #14 in 2015. Atherton had topped the list in earlier decades; a 20-year retrospective showed Atherton also at #1 in 1998.[27] Atherton is one of the wealthiest cities in the United States.[12]

2000[edit]

At the 2000 census there were 7,194 people in 2,413 households, including 1,984 families, in the town. The population density was 1,467.6 people per square mile (566.9/km2). There were 2,505 housing units at an average density of 511.0 per square mile (197.4/km2).[29] Of the 2,413 households 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.6% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 12.8% of households were one person and 7.5% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.06.

The age distribution was 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 18.7% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% 65 or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.6 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 90.2 men.

The median income for a household in the town was in excess of $200,000, as is the median family income. Males had a median income of over $100,000 versus $68,393 for females. The per capita income for the town was $112,408. About 0.8% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

2010[edit]

At the 2010 census Atherton had a population of 6,914. The population density was 1,369.5 people per square mile (528.8/km2). The racial makeup of Atherton was 5,565 (80.5%) White, 75 (1.1%) African American, 7 (0.1%) Native American, 911 (13.2%) Asian, 45 (0.7%) Pacific Islander, 95 (1.4%) from other races, and 216 (3.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 268 people (3.9%).[30]

The census reported that 6,529 people (94.4% of the population) lived in households, 385 (5.6%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and no one was institutionalized.

There were 2,330 households, 787 (33.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,755 (75.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 109 (4.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 48 (2.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 34 (1.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 15 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 321 households (13.8%) were one person and 178 (7.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 1,912 families (82.1% of households); the average family size was 3.03.

The age distribution was 1,543 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 579 people (8.4%) aged 18 to 24, 966 people (14.0%) aged 25 to 44, 2,264 people (32.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,562 people (22.6%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 48.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 95.3 men.

The median household income was in excess of $250,000, the highest of any place in the United States.[31] The per capita income for the town was $128,816. About 2.9% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

There were 2,530 housing units at an average density of 501.1 per square mile, of the occupied units 2,116 (90.8%) were owner-occupied and 214 (9.2%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.9%. 5,921 people (85.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 608 people (8.8%) lived in rental housing units.

Forbes ranked Atherton as second on its list of America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes in 2010, listing median house price as over $2,000,000.[22]

Politics[edit]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of February 10, 2019, Atherton has 4,953 registered voters. Of those, 1,720 (34.7%) are registered Democrats, 1,541 (31.1%) are registered Republicans and 1,501 (30.3%) have declined to state a political party.[32]

Education[edit]

Among Atherton's public schools, Encinal, Las Lomitas, and Laurel are elementary schools, while Selby Lane is both an elementary and a middle school. Menlo-Atherton is a high school. Atherton does not have its own public school system. Selby Lane is part of the Redwood City School District, the high school is part of the Sequoia Union High School District, Las Lomitas Elementary School is part of the Las Lomitas Elementary School District, and both Encinal and Laurel are part of the Menlo Park City School District.

Among the town's private schools, Sacred Heart is an elementary, middle and high school, and Menlo School is a middle and high school.

Menlo College is a private four-year college.

Culture and points of interest[edit]

There are a number of active community organizations: the Atherton Heritage Association, the Atherton Arts Committee, the Atherton Tree Committee, the Friends of the Atherton Community Library, the Holbrook-Palmer Park Foundation, the Atherton Dames, the Police Task Force, and the Atherton Civic Interest League. There are also home owners' associations in various neighborhoods. The Menlo Circus Club is a private club with tennis, swimming, stables and a riding ring located within the town.

There are also several tracts of contemporary Eichler homes, most notably in the Lindenwood neighborhood in the northeast part of the town.[33]

The Holbrook-Palmer Estate, was once an active rural estate and gentleman's farm.[34] The Holbrook-Palmer Estate was donated to the city of Atherton in 1958 and now serves as a 22-acre public park and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places for the architecture.[34]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Atherton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Atherton History". Town of Atherton. April 27, 2007. Archived from the original on September 12, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  3. ^ a b "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
  4. ^ "California's 18th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  5. ^ "City Council". Town of Atherton. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
  6. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. ^ "Atherton (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "USPS – ZIP Code Lookup – Search By City". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on August 30, 2009. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
  10. ^ "NANP Administration System". North American Numbering Plan Administration. Archived from the original on September 22, 2010. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
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  12. ^ a b Archive of "1990 CPH-L-126. Median Family Income for Places with a Population of 2,500 to 9,999, Ranked Within the United States: 1989", United States Census Bureau. 1990 CPH-L-126F.html Original page
  13. ^ Levy, Francesca (September 27, 2010). "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes". Forbes.
  14. ^ Brennan, Morgan (October 16, 2013). "America's Most Expensive Zip Codes In 2013: The Complete List". Forbes.
  15. ^ Sharf, Samantha (December 8, 2016). "Full List: America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2016". Forbes. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  17. ^ "Proposed Closure of Atherton Caltrain Station". www.caltrain.com. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  18. ^ "Town of Atherton General Plan" (PDF). Neal Martin & Associates. November 20, 2002: LU–1. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 4, 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  19. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
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  31. ^ "Highest Income Per Household In The United States By City". Archived from the original on June 27, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
  32. ^ "Report of Registration" (PDF). California Secretary of State. February 10, 2019. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  33. ^ "Lindenwood Eichler". Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  34. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form" (PDF). National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior. September 26, 2016. Retrieved October 2, 2020.
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External links[edit]