Athol Manor

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Athol Manor
Athol Manor 2015.JPG
Last view of historic Athol Manor from the Columbia Post Road before erection of barrier walls. (2015)
Location6680 Martin Road Columbia, Maryland
Coordinates39°11′16″N 76°52′16″W / 39.18778°N 76.87111°W / 39.18778; -76.87111Coordinates: 39°11′16″N 76°52′16″W / 39.18778°N 76.87111°W / 39.18778; -76.87111
Area2.332 acres (0.944 ha)
Built1740
Architectural style(s)Georgian Architecture
Governing bodyPrivate
Athol Manor is located in Maryland
Athol Manor
Location of Athol Manor in Maryland

Athol is a historic slave manor and rectory located in Columbia (Simpsonville), Howard County, Maryland, U.S.

History[edit]

Athol Manor was built as the neighboring rectory of the Christ Church Guilford, which was built on the site of a 1711 burned church which was rebuilt.[1] Edmund Lord Bishop of London sent Viscount of Oxenford, James MacGill to administer a chapel of ease in Queen Caroline Parish in Anne Arundel County. (later broke off to become Howard County.) On 17 August 1732, King Charles granted 600 acres (240 ha) to James MacGill to form a new Church of England in the Maryland Colony. The patent was titled "Athol" after McGill's home in Scotland. The title named the county "Winkepin", a reference to the future Wincopin plantation. "Williams Lot", "Scantlings Lot", and "Brown's Hopyard" were combined into a new 875-acre (354 ha) patent named "Athole Enlarged" on 29 September 1763.[2] McGill brought laborers from Scotland and local slaves to construct the granite building where he raised eleven children with his wife Sarah Hilleary.[3] Construction on Athole started in 1732, and finished by 1740. A side addition was built in 1768. A steep roof and door size windows were built to minimize taxes to Britain on certain features. A square cupola was added, and later removed due to deterioration. A conservatory was constructed in the 1980s. In 1776, the American Revolutionary War caused the cutoff from the Church of England. McGill accumulated a total of 837 acres (339 ha) to his estate before he died in 1779 and was buried on the estate. The property was contested among the MacGill heirs until sold to John Hathaway in 1821 for $3,944.50. Subsequent owners included Nehemiah Moxley Sr, whose descendants would serve as county commissioner and subdivider of large tracts of Howard County to form the Columbia development. In 1927, the estate was conveyed by James Clark to local newspaper magnate Paul Griffith Stromberg to the Coar family who added electricity, plumbing and central heating. Tom and Edwina Dike maintained the house until 1986 as Columbia was built on subdivisions of the land.[4] The property located adjacent to Route 29, has been subdivided down to 147 acres (59 ha) in 1863, 14 acres (5.7 ha) in 1976, and just 2.3 acres (0.93 ha) surrounding the site today. The site with a stone marker labeled Athol 1730, was purchased by the Rouse Company. Two Gravesites located on the estate were moved for residential development, gravesites to the east had tombstones removed without bodies re-interred before development. A 1997 historical survey recommending the property for National Historic Register status for significant contributions to history, Architecture and artistic merit. The recommendation was denied by the office of preservation services. All but one pre-colonial structures in the limits of the planned community of Columbia have been denied historic status.[5] The Martin Road Park is built on the property adjacent to the manor home.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Federal Writers' Project. Maryland: A Guide to the Old Line State. p. 316.
  2. ^ Missy Burke; Robin Emrich; Barbara Kellner. Oh, You must live in Columbia. p. 65.
  3. ^ Joshua Dorsey Warfield. The founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, Maryland. p. 393.
  4. ^ Howard's Roads to the Past. Howard County Sesquicentennial Celebration Committee, 2001. 2001. p. 82.
  5. ^ "HO-37" (PDF). Retrieved 28 August 2014.

External links[edit]

  • ^ Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of the State of Maryland. The Bulletin of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty Volume 9, Issue 10. p. 142.