Athyrium niponicum

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Athyrium niponicum
Japanese Painted Fern Athyrium nipponicum 'Pictum' Leaf 1500px.jpg
Athyrium niponicum 'Pictum'
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida/Pteridopsida
(disputed)
Order: Polypodiales
Family: Athyriaceae
Genus: Athyrium
Species: A. niponicum
Binomial name
Athyrium niponicum
(Mett.) Hance

Athyrium niponicum, commonly known as Oriental ladyfern[1] and Japanese painted fern[2] is a species of fern native to eastern Asia.[3]

This species was redefined as a member of genus Anisocampium in 2011 based on phylogenetic analyses.[4]

This fern has a creeping rhizome and a tuft-shape array of fronds. The fronds are variable in length, generally 30 to 75 centimeters long but occasionally over a meter in length. They have alternately arranged, subdivided pinnae. The spore-bearing sori on the undersides of the fertile pinnae are variable in shape, being "oblong, hooked, J-shaped, or horseshoe-shaped".[3]

This is a commonly cultivated fern, especially A. niponicum var. pictum. It thrives in many kinds of shady garden conditions and produces thick colonies of gray-green fronds with reddish midribs.[5] 'Pictum' is also considered to be a cultivar; varieties and cultivars are bred to achieve midribs in many shades of red.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 369. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017 – via Korea Forest Service. 
  2. ^ Athyrium niponicum. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  3. ^ a b Anisocampium niponicum. Flora of China. eFloras.
  4. ^ Liu, Y.-C., et al. (2011). Molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of the fern genus Anisocampium (Athyriaceae). Taxon 60(3) 824-30.
  5. ^ Athyrium niponicum var. pictum. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  6. ^ Perry, L. Japanese Painted Fern. University of Vermont Extension, Department of Plant and Soil Science.

External links[edit]