|(1,500 cited 1980)|
Ati (Inati) is a language of the island of Panay in the Philippines. The variety spoken in northern Panay is also called Sogodnin (Pennoyer 1987). The Ati people also speak Kinaray-a and Hiligaynon.
Pennoyer (1987) and Reid (2013) consider Inati to be an isolate with the Philippine languages. It differs markedly from the Visayan languages and has many features not found in the Central Philippine languages.
- Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *R > Inati /d/, such as PMP *liʔəR > Inati /liʔad/
- Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ə > Inati /a/ (as in the Central Luzon languages), not PMP *ə > /u/ or /ə/, as in the Visayan languages
Lobel (2013:75) lists the following Ati communities in the Philippines, with populations given in parentheses.
- Iloilo (1,902): Anilao (341), Barotac Viejo (867), Cabatuan (31), Calinog (163), Dueñas (43), Dumangas (50), Janiuay (22), New Lucena (59), Passi (103), San Miguel (17), San Rafael (110), Santa Barbara (12), Tigbauan (69), San Joaquin (15)
- Antique (4,680): Anini-y (156), Hamtic (3,081), Tobias Fornier (1,383), San Jose (60)
- Capiz (308): Dumarao (308)
- Aklan (740+): Buruanga (?), Malay (740)
- Guimaras (789): Buenavista (189), Jordan (237), Sibunag (178), Nueva Valencia (185)
- Negros Occidental (309): Isabela (309)
- Romblon: Odiongan and Calatrava on Tablas Island, and San Jose on Carabao Island (unknown population size)
Baruah (2000) lists the following locations.
- Antique: Culuasi, Hamtic, San Jose, Sibalom, Tobias
- Tina, Hamtic, Antique (512 people)
- Capiz: Dumarao
- Iloilo: Janiuay, Anilao, Cabatuan, Duenas, Dumangas, Mina, New Lucena, Passi, San Miguel, San Joaquin, San Rafael, Santa Barbara, Tigbauan
- Nagpana, Barotac Viejo, Iloilo (500 people)
Pennoyer (1987) reports that Sogodnin is spoken by a few remaining speakers in Cogon, Malay (whose ancestors had moved from interior Sabang to Bakirohan to Cogon), and on Carabao and Boracay islands.
- Ati at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Ati". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Douglas F. Pennoyer. 1987. Inati: the Hidden Negrito Language of Panay, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Linguistics 18/19. 1-36.
- Baruah, Karabi. 2000. "A Forgotten people: the Ati community of Aklan." Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, Vol. 28, No. 3, Special Issue: Problems of development and social justice (September 2000), pp. 301-316. University of San Carlos Publications. http://www.jstor.org/stable/29792465
- Lobel, Jason William. 2013. Philippine and North Bornean languages: issues in description, subgrouping, and reconstruction. Ph.D. dissertation. Manoa: University of Hawai'i at Manoa.
- Pennoyer, F. Douglas. 1987. The hidden Negrito language of Panay, Philippines. Phlippine Journal of Lingusitics 17.2 & 18.1: 1-36.
- Schools keep indigenous culture alive
- The Ati of Negros and Panay
- Negritos and Negros
- Beyond the beach: The untold story of Boracay’s Ati tribe
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