Atifete Jahjaga

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Atifete Jahjaga
Atifete Jahjaga at the 2014 Clinton Global Initiative.png
President Jahjaga at the Clinton Global Initiative, New York City, September 2014
4th President of Kosovo
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 April 2011
Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi
Isa Mustafa
Preceded by Jakup Krasniqi (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1975-04-20) 20 April 1975 (age 40)
Gjakova, Kosovo, SFR Yugoslavia
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Astrit Kuçi
Alma mater University of Pristina
University of Leicester

Atifete Jahjaga (Albanian pronunciation: [ätɪˈfeːtɛ jähˈjɑːɡä]; born 20 April 1975) is a Kosovar politician and the fourth President of Kosovo.[a] She is the first female President of the Republic of Kosovo, the first non-partisan candidate, the first female head of state in the modern Balkans and the youngest to be elected to the office. She served as Deputy Director of the Kosovo Police,[1] holding the rank of Major General,[2] the highest among women in Southeastern Europe.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Atifete Jahjaga was born in Gjakova, Kosovo, then a part of Yugoslavia, where she attended primary and secondary school. She graduated from the University of Prishtina Faculty of Law in 2000. In 2006/07, she attended a graduate certificate program in police management and criminal law at the University of Leicester in the United Kingdom. She has also received extensive professional training at the George C. Marshall European Centre for Security Studies in Germany and the FBI National Academy in the United States.

Police career[edit]

After the Kosovo War, Jahjaga completed training to become an officer and gradually sought promotion to higher ranks, initially to major, then colonel, and finally major general. She was first deployed with the border police and then transferred to the training department.

Jahjaga held the position of deputy director of the Kosovo Police, and briefly filled in as acting general director in 2010. While serving as police officer, she drew the attention of American officers and diplomats who presented her before senior U.S. officials on special occasions. Her pictures with U.S. President George W. Bush during his visit to the FBI National Academy and with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during her visit to Kosovo were among the few distributed through the internet before she was placed on the national spotlight as a presidential candidate.

President of Kosovo[edit]

President Jahjaga meets U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama

On 6 April 2011, she was announced as a consensus candidate for president of Kosovo by the Democratic Party of Kosovo, Democratic League of Kosovo and New Kosovo Alliance,[4] and supported by the US Ambassador in Kosovo, Christopher Dell.[5][6] Although she enjoyed a reputation as a police commander, she came out of relative obscurity as a candidate for the high office of the state[clarification needed], with most of the public and political leaders unaware of her political leanings.

President Jahjaga and US Secretary of State Clinton

On 7 April, she was elected President on the first round of voting by the Parliament; of 100 MPs present, 80 voted for Jahjaga and 10 cast a ballot for Suzan Novoberdali.[7] To date, she is the only president to be elected on the first round of voting. Only Kosovo's 1st President Ibrahim Rugova has received more votes, being appointed by the Parliament by an 88-3 vote in 2002,[8] in the third round and winning by a landslide in direct presidential elections in 1992 and 1998.

In her inaugural address, Jahjaga stated that one of her main goals as President is to secure Kosovo's membership in the European Union and the United Nations. "The ideal of all Kosovo is membership in the EU and a permanent friendship with the United States. I believe and I am convinced our dreams will come true," she said in her first speech to the Parliament.[9]

Presidency[edit]

Country image building[edit]

President Jahjaga and Secretary Clinton sign the US-Kosovo Agreement on the Protection and Preservation of Cultural Properties in Washington, DC

Since taking office, President Jahjaga has sought to strengthen the democratic institutions of the country and has helped to build and to secure greater international recognition for Kosovo. She has sought to secure membership in the European Union and the United Nations and contributed to changing Kosovo’s image abroad,[10] normalizing relations with Kosovo’s neighbouring countries.[11]

European integration process[edit]

President Jahjaga is very active in promoting the EU integration agenda of her country.[12] A National Council on European Integration (inaugurated in March 2012 by President Jahjaga) serves as a high level coordination body. Its aim is to build a consensus on the European agenda through an inclusive and cross-party approach.[12]

President Jahjaga actively enforces her constitutional duties and takes steps to oppose legislation, for example if it is not in line with European practices and standards (e.g., the legislation related to criminalisation of defamation and the requirement for journalists to disclose their sources of information). According to the European Union report, this demonstrated that there is a separation of powers in Kosovo today.[13]

National Anti Corruption Council[edit]

President Jahjaga established the National Anti Corruption Council on February 14, 2012. The Council is a coordinating body that aims to coordinate the work and the activities of the institutions and agencies, in the framework of the competencies and mandate to prevent and fight corruption. The Council is composed from representatives from different institutions and agencies which have under their mandate to combat corruption and has become the key forum between these interlocutors.[13]

Women's empowerment[edit]

Under Jahjaga, women's empowerment in Kosovo has advanced. In 2012, she hosted an International Women’s Summit "Partnership for Change—Empowering Women," which was attended by 200 leaders from Kosovo, wider Europe, North America, Africa and the Middle East. The summit was a good opportunity for women from the region to cross the ethnic barriers and come together to launch and promote a platform for their empowerment throughout the Balkans.

The discussions led to creation of the Pristina Principles, which affirm the rights of women to political participation and representation, economic resources and access to security and justice, and calls for actions to make these principles a reality. The President has also taken a firm stance on the issue of victims of rape during the war by calling for the acknowledgement of their legal status, which would give them access to legal aid, compensation for their injuries and prosecution of the perpetrators.

Minorities[edit]

President Jahjaga has worked hard to build bridges between Kosovo's various ethnic communities. She has been active in interfaith dialogue and has continuously reached out to minority communities in Kosovo. In 2013, the President visited the Serb Orthodox Monastery of Dečani and its clergy for the celebration of Easter, calling on all the citizens of Kosovo to continue to cultivate the interreligious tolerance that has prevailed in the country.[14]

Awards[edit]

27 June 2013 - Honoris Causa from the University of Durham.[15]

21 September 2014 - Leadership in Public Service Award from the Clinton Global Initiative.[16]

16 July 2015 - Honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from the University of Leicester.[17]

Bilateral Meetings with Foreign Officials[edit]

Country Dignitary
1  Albania Meeting with President of the Republic of Albania, Bujar Nishani [2012, 2013, 2014, 2015][18]
Meeting with President of the Republic of Albania, Bamir Topi [2011, 2012][19]
Meeting with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania, Edi Rama [2013][20]
Meeting with the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania, Sali Berisha [2011, 2012][21]
2  Armenia Meeting with Foreign Minister of Armenia, Eduard Nalbandyan [2014, New York][22]
3  Austria Meeting with President of Austria, Heinz Fischer [2012, 2013, 2014, 2015][23]
Meeting with Speaker of the Austrian Parliament, Barbara Prammer (2013)
Meeting with Chancellor of Austria, Werner Faymann (2014)
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs of Austria, Sebastian Kurz (2015)
4  Bahamas Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Frederic Mitchel (2014)
5  Belgium Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Steven Vanackere (2011)
6  Botswana Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Phandu Skelemani (2014)
7  Brazil Meeting with Minister of Strategic Affairs, Marcelo Cortes Neri (2014)
8  Bulgaria Meeting with President of Bulgaria, Rosen Plevneliev (2012, 2014, 2015)
9  Costa Rica Meeting with President of Costa Rica, Laura Chinchilla (2014)
10  Croatia Meeting with President of Croatia, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic (2015)
Meeting with President of Croatia, Ivo Josipovic (2011, 2012, 2013)
Meeting with Speaker of the Parliament of Croatia, Boris Shprem (2012)
Meeting with Speaker of the Parliament of Croatia, Luka Bebiq (2011)
Meeting with Prime Minister of Croatia, Zoran Milanoviq 2012
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Vesna Pusiq (2012)
11  Czech Republic Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Karel Schwarzenberg (2011)
12  Denmark Meeting with Minister for European Affairs, Nicolai Wamman (2012)
13  Egypt Meeting with Minister for European Affairs, Mohammed Amr (2012)
14  El Salvador Meeting with Minister for European Affairs, Jaime Miranda Flamenco (2014)
15  Estonia Meeting with President of Estonia, Toomas Hendrik Ilves (2012)
16  Europe Meeting with President of the European Council, Herman van Rompuy (2011, 2012, 2013)
Meeting with President of the European Parliament, Jerzy Buzek (2011)
Meeting with President of the European Commission, Jose Manuel Barroso (2011, 2012)
Meeting with EUHR, Federica Mogherini (2015)
Meeting with EUHR, Catherine Ashton (2011, 2012, 2013, 2014)
17  Finland Meeting with President of Finland, Tarja Halonen (2011)
18  France Meeting with President of France, Francois Hollande (2013, 2015)
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs of France, Laurent Fabius (2014)
19  Germany Meeting with President of Germany, Joachim Gauck (2013)
Meeting with Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel (2014)
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Frank-Walter Steinmeir (2015)
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Guido Westerwelle (2011, 2012)
20  Ghana Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hanna Serwaa Tetteh (2014)
21  Guatemala Meeting with President of Guatemala, Otto Pérez Molina (2014, Panama City)
22   Vatican City Meeting with His Holiness Pope Francis (2015, Vatican City)
Meeting with Secretary of State of the Holy See, Cardinal Pietro Parolin (2014, New York)
23  Honduras Meeting with President of Honduras, Juan Orlando Hernandez Alvarado (2014, Tegucigalpa)
Meeting with President of Honduras, Porfirio Lobo Sosa (2011, Prishtina)
24  Hungary Meeting with President of Hungary, Pal Schmitt (2011, Budapest)
Meeting with Speaker of the Parliament of Hungary, Laslo Kover (2011)
Meeting with Prime Minister of Hungary, Viktor Orban (2011, 2015)
25  Iceland Meeting with President of Iceland, Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (2012, Abu Dhabi)
26  Iraq Meeting with Vice President of Iraq, Ayad Allawi (2015, Jordan)
27  Italy Meeting with President of Italy, Giorgio Napolitano (2011, Rome)
Meeting with Acting President of Italy, Pietro Grasso (2015, Rome)
Meeting with President of the Chamber of Deputies of Italy, Laura Boldrini (2015, Rome)
28  Jordan Meeting with HM King Abdullah of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan [2013, 2014, 2015]
Meeting with HM Queen Rania Al Abdullah of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (2013)
29  Lithuania Meeting with President of Lithuania, Dalia Grybauskaitė [2011, Vilnius]
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Audronius Azubalis [2011]
30  Luxembourg Meeting with Grand Duke of Luxembourg Henri [2014, Prishtina]
Meeting with Prime Minister of Luxembourg Xavier Bettel [2014, New York]
31  Macedonia Meeting with President of Macedonia, Gjorge Ivanov [2011, 2012, 2013, 2014]
Meeting with Speaker of the Parliament of Macedonia, Trajko Veljanovski [2012]
Meeting with Deputy Prime Minister of Macedonia, Musa Xhaferi [2015]
32  Malaysia Meeting with HM King of Malaysia, Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah [2013, Kuala Lumpur]
Meeting with Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak [2013]
33  Montenegro Meeting with President of Montenegro, Filip Vujanovic [2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015]
34  Morocco Meeting with Prime Minister of Morocco, Abdelilah Benkirane [2013]
35  Netherlands Meeting with His Royal Highnesses King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlans [2013]
Meeting with Prime Minister of Netherlands, Mark Rutte [2013]
Meeting with President of the Senate, Ankie Broekers-Knol [2013]
Meeting with Speaker of the House of Representatives, Anouchka van Miltenburg [2013]
36  Pakistan Meeting with President of Pakistan, Mamnoon Hussain [2014, Ankara]
Meeting with Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif [2013, London]
37  Panama Meeting with President of Panama, Ricardo Martinelli [2014]
38  Poland Meeting with President of Poland, Bronisław Komorowski [2011]
39  Portugal Meeting with Minister of Defense, José Pedro Aguiar-Branco [2011, 2012, 2014]
40  Romania Meeting with President of Romania, Traian Basescu [2014, Bucharest]
41  Senegal Meeting with President of Senegal, Macky Sall [2014, Dakar]
42  Serbia Meeting with President of Serbia, Tomislav Nikolic [2013, Brussels]
43  Seychelles Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jean Paul Adam [2014]
44  Singapore Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, K. Shanguman [2014]
45  Slovakia Meeting with President of Slovakia, Andrej Kiska [2014, New York]
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Miroslav Lajcak [2013, 2014]
46  Slovenia Meeting with President of Slovenia, Borut Pahor [2013, 2014, 2015]
Meeting with President of Slovenia, Danilo Turk [2011]
Meeting with Speaker of the Parliament of Slovenia, Pavel Gantar [2011]
47  South Sudan Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Barnaba Marial Benjamin [2014]
48  Sweden Meeting with the Speaker of the Parliament of Sweeden, Urban Ahlin [2015]
49   Switzerland Meeting with President of Switzerland, Simonetta Sommaruga [2015]
Meeting with President of Switzerland, Didier Burkhalter [2014]
Meeting with President of Switzerland, Ueli Maurer [2013]
50  Turkey Meeting with President of Turkey, Abdullah Gyl [2012]
Meeting with Speaker of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, Cemil Cicek [2013]
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ahmet Davutoglu [2012, 2013]
51  United Arab Emirates Meeting with the UAE's Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, HH Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan [2012, 2013, 2014]
Meeting with Minister of Foreign Affairs, HH Sheikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan [2012, 2014]
52  United Kingdom Meeting with Queen Elizabeth II [2015]
Meeting with Charles, Prince of Wales [2013]
Meeting with UK Parliament Lord Speaker, Baroness D'Souza [2013]
Meeting with Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow [2013]
Meeting with UK Prime Minister, David Cameron [2013]
Meeting with UK Foreign Secretary, Philip Hammond [2015]
Meeting with UK Foreign Secretary, William Hague [2012, 2013, 2014]
53  United States Meeting with U.S. President, Barack Obama [2011, 2012, 2014]
Meeting with U.S. Vice President, Joe Biden [2011, 2013]
Meeting with U.S. Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton [2011, 2012, 2013]
Meeting with U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Ambassador Samantha Power [2014]
Meeting with U.S. Assistant Secretary for Europe, Victoria Nuland [2014, 2015]
54  Vietnam Meeting with Vice President of Vietnam, Nguyen Thi Doan. [2015]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koha, "Në krye të Policisë së Kosovës, Atifete Jahjaga" Shqip TIME.mk 16 October 2010 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  2. ^ "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Republikës" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  3. ^ "Kush do të na udhëheq" Telegrafi.com 7 April 2011 (accessed 7 April 2011)
  4. ^ "Marrëveshja për Kosovën, presidente Atifete Jahjaga" Telegrafi.com 6 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  5. ^ RadioKosova, Live Broadcast of Press Conference, 6 April 2011
  6. ^ AFP, "Kosovo government, opposition reach deal to end impasse" Google News 6 April 2011 (accessed 6 April 2011)
  7. ^ "Atifete Jahjaga zgjidhet presidente e Kosovës" Koha 7 April 2011 (accessed 7 April 2011)
  8. ^ CNN, "Kosovo names key ministers" 4 March 2002 (accessed 10 April 2011)
  9. ^ Ismet Jashari, "Kosovo swears in top woman cop as president" AFP 7 April 2011 (accessed 7 April 2011)
  10. ^ "Kadare: Jahjaga përmirësoi imazhin e Kosovës në botë" Lajme Shqip 03 September 2013 (accessed 29 September 2013)
  11. ^ "Nikolić, Jahjaga, Ashton meet in Brussels" B92 06 February 2013 (accessed 29 September 2013)
  12. ^ a b "European Commission: Kosovo Analytical Report 2012" European Commission 23 October 2011 (accessed 29 September 2013)
  13. ^ a b "Kosovo Analytical Report 2012" European Commission 23 October 2011 (accessed 29 September 2013)
  14. ^ "The Easter Visit" Amici Di Decani 5 May 2013 (accessed 11 September 2013)
  15. ^ [1] President's website
  16. ^ [2] Kosova Press
  17. ^ [3] University of Leicester Press Release
  18. ^ [ http://president-ksgov.net/?page=1,6,3469#.VblNVpO7ibQ" Presidentja Atifete Jahjaga u takua me Presidentin e Shqipërisë, Bujar Nishani "] Office of the President of Kosovo" 15 July 2014
  19. ^ " Presidentja Atifete Jahjaga priti Presidentin Bamir Topi" Office of the President of Kosovo" 29 June 2012
  20. ^ " Presidentja Atifete Jahjaga priti Kryeministrin e mandatuar të Shqipërisë, Edi Rama" Office of the President of Kosovo" 13 September 2013
  21. ^ " Presidentja Jahjaga u prit nga Kryeministri i Shqipërisë, Dr. Sali Berisha " Office of the President of Kosovo" 23 November 2012
  22. ^ "Presidentja Jahjaga takoi Ministrin e Jashtëm të Armenisë" Office of the President 24 September 2014 (accessed 30 June 2015)
  23. ^ "Presidentja Atifete Jahjaga u takua me Presidentin e Austrisë, Heinz Fischer" Office of the President 19 June 2013

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Jakup Krasniqi
Acting
President of Kosovo
2011–present
Incumbent