Atikah bint Murrah

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Ātikah bint Murrah
Known forAncestor of Muhammad
Spouse(s)Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
ChildrenHashim ibn 'Abd Manaf (son)
Abd Shams ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Muttalib ibn Abd Manaf (son)
Parent(s)Murrah ibn Hilal (father)
Safiya (mother)

Ātikah bint Murrah ibn Hilāl ibn Fālij ibn Dhakwān (Arabic: عاتكة بنت مرة‎) (fl. 5th century CE) was a Hawazin heiress, and the mother of Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf, thus the great-great-grandmother of Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Family[edit]

She was son of Murrah ibn Hilal and Safiya bint Awf, cousin of Murrah. Atikah was a woman from Banu Hawazin. She married a leader of Banu Ka'b ibn Lu'ayy, Abd Manaf ibn Qusay. By him, she had many sons. The sons are: al-Muttalib (المطلب), Amr/Hashim (عمرو/هاشم) dan Abd Shams (عبد الشمس). The daughters are: Barrah (برة), Halah (هالة), Tumāḍir (تماضر), Qilabah (قلابة), Hayyah (حياة), Rayta (ريطة), Kathamah (خثامة) and Sufyanah (سفيانة).

Biography[edit]

Atikah was wife of Abd Manaf ibn Qusai. The birth of her conjoined twin sons 'Amr (more commonly known as Hashim) and 'Abd Shams was remembered for 'Amr being born with one of his toes pressed into 'Abd Shams's forehead. It was said that they had struggled in the womb seeking to be firstborn. Legend says that their father Abd Manaf ibn Qusai separated the conjoined brothers with a sword and that some priests believed that the blood that had flown between them signified wars between their progeny (confrontations did occur between Banu al'Abbas and Banu Ummaya ibn 'Abd Shams in the year 750 AH).[1][2]

Atikah also bore Abd Manaf ibn Qusai three other sons; Muttalib, and six daughters; Barrah, Halah, Tumadir/Tamadur, Qilaba, Hayya, Raytah/Rita, Khathamah, Sufyanah

Notable descendants[edit]



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quraysh tribe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Waqida bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ātikah bint Murrah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf
 
 
‘Abd Shams
 
Barra
 
Hala
 
Muṭṭalib ibn Abd Manaf
 
Hashim
 
Salma bint Amr
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Umayya ibn Abd Shams
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Harb
 
 
 
Abū al-ʿĀs
 
 
 
 
 
ʿAbdallāh
 
ʿĀminah
 
Hamza
 
Abī Ṭālib
 
Az-Zubayr
 
al-ʿAbbās
 
Abū Lahab
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ʾAbī Sufyān ibn Harb
 
al-Ḥakam
 
ʿUthmān
 
ʿAffān
 
MUHAMMAD
(Family tree)
 
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
 
 
 
ʿAlī
(Family tree)
 
Khawlah bint Ja'far
 
ʿAbd Allāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muʿāwiyah I
 
Marwān I
 
 
 
 
 
ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān
 
Ruqayyah
 
Fatimah
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
 
 
 
ʿAli ibn ʿAbdallāh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sufyanids
 
Marwanids
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
al-Ḥasan
 
al-Ḥusayn
(Family tree)
 
Abu Hashim
(Imām of al-Mukhtār and Hashimiyya)
 
 
 
Muhammad
"al-Imām"

(Abbasids)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ibrāhim "al-Imām"
 
al-Saffāḥ
 
al-Mansur
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibn Kathir; Le Gassick, Trevor; Fareed, Muneer. The Life of the Prophet Muhammad: Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya. p. 132.
  2. ^ Maqsood, Ruqaiyyah Waris. "The Prophet's Family Line No. 4 – Amr (Hashim), the Founder of the Hashimites". Ruqaiyyah Waris Maqsood Dawah. Archived from the original on 2008-05-30. Retrieved 4 August 2011.