Atlanta, Birmingham and Coast Railroad
|Dates of operation||1887–1945|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Length||640 miles (1,030 kilometres)|
The Waycross Air Line Railroad was incorporated as a logging railroad in 1887. By the end of 1904 it had become the Atlantic and Birmingham Railway (A&B), a common carrier with a line from Brunswick to Montezuma, Georgia, and branches to Thomasville and Waycross, Georgia. At Montezuma the Central of Georgia Railway offered connections to Macon, Atlanta, and Birmingham, Alabama.
In 1906 the newly created Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic Railroad (AB&A) absorbed the A&B. The new railroad built westward to Manchester, Georgia, and from there to Atlanta and to Birmingham, reaching both cities in 1908 (until 1910, when it completed its own line into Birmingham, AB&A used Louisville & Nashville Railroad (L&N) trackage for the last few miles). By then the AB&A was in receivership, largely because of the cost of the marine terminal it had built at Brunswick.
The reorganized Atlanta, Birmingham & Atlantic Railway (also AB&A) assumed operations at the beginning of 1916, but it fared little better financially. It was in receivership by 1921. The Atlanta, Birmingham & Coast Railroad (AB&C) was incorporated November 22, 1926, to acquire the properties of the AB&A; the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad (ACL) was firmly in control of the AB&C. AB&C offered ACL entries to Atlanta and Birmingham, connections with ACL affiliates Louisville and Nashville Railroad and Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway, and a chance to participate more fully in Midwest-to-Florida traffic.
ACL eventually merged the AB&C on December 31, 1945.
- Goolsby, Larry Atlantic, Birmingham & Coast. ACL and SAL Historical Society. 2000.
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