Atlanta Campaign Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign.[1]

This order of battle covers the period of May 7 - July 17, 1864. The period from July 17 - September 8, 1864 is listed separately. For the engagement on July 22, 1864 see: Atlanta Union order of battle

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

  • w = wounded
  • mw = mortally wounded
  • k = killed

Military Division of the Mississippi[edit]

MG William T. Sherman
Chief of Staff: BG Joseph D. Webster
Chief of Artillery: BG William F. Barry
Headquarters Guard: 7th Company Ohio Sharpshooters: Lieut. William McCrory

Army of the Cumberland[edit]

MG George Henry Thomas
Chief of Artillery: BG John M. Brannan
Chief of Staff: BG William D. Whipple
Escort: Company I, 1st Ohio Cavalry: Lieut. Henry C. Reppert

IV Corps[edit]

MG Oliver O. Howard

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     MG David S. Stanley

1st Brigade


   BG Charles Cruft
   Col Isaac M. Kirby[2]

2nd Brigade


   BG Walter C. Whitaker
   Col Jacob E. Taylor[5]

3rd Brigade


   Col William Grose

Artillery


   Cpt Peter Simonson (k June 16)
   Cpt Samuel M. McDowell (k June 27)
   Cpt Theodore Thomasson

Second Division
     BG John Newton

1st Brigade


   Col Francis T. Sherman
   BG Nathan Kimball[7]

2nd Brigade


   BG George D. Wagner[9]
   Col John Blake[10]

3rd Brigade


   BG Charles G. Harker (mw June 27)
   BG Luther P. Bradley

Artillery


   Cpt Charles Aleshire[12]
   Cpt Wilbur Goodspeed

Third Division
     BG Thomas J. Wood

1st Brigade


   BG August Willich (w May 15)
   Col William H. Gibson

2nd Brigade


   BG William B. Hazen

3rd Brigade


   BG Samuel Beatty[15]
   Col Frederick Knefler

Artillery


   Cpt Cullen Bradley

XIV Corps[edit]

MG John M. Palmer

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
    BG Richard W. Johnson (w May 28)[16]
    BG John H. King

1st Brigade


   BG William P. Carlin[17]
   Col Anson G. McCook[18]

2nd Brigade


   BG John H. King
   Col William Stoughton[19]

3rd Brigade


   Col Benjamin Scribner
  

Artillery


   Cpt Lucius Drury

Second Division
     BG Jefferson C. Davis

1st Brigade


   BG James D. Morgan

2nd Brigade


   Col John G. Mitchell

3rd Brigade


   Col Daniel McCook, Jr. (mw June 27)
   Col Oscar F. Harmon (mw June 27)
   Col Caleb J. Dilworth

Artillery


   Cpt Charles Barnett

Third Division
     BG Absalom Baird

1st Brigade


   BG John B. Turchin[26]
   Col Moses B. Walker[27]

2nd Brigade


   Col Ferdinand Van Derveer[31]
   Col Newell Gleason[32]

3rd Brigade


   Col George P. Este

Artillery


   Cpt George Estep

XX Corps[edit]

MG Joseph Hooker

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Alpheus S. Williams

1st Brigade


   BG Joseph F. Knipe
   Col Warren W. Packer[36]

2nd Brigade


   BG Thomas H. Ruger

3rd Brigade


   Col James S. Robinson

Artillery


   Cpt John D. Woodbury

  • Battery I, 1st New York Light
  • Battery M, 1st New York Light

Second Division
     BG John W. Geary

1st Brigade


   Col Charles Candy

2nd Brigade


   Col Adolphus Buschbeck[41]
   Col John T. Lockman[42]
   Col Patrick Henry Jones[43]

3rd Brigade


   Col David Ireland (w May 15)[45]
   Col William Rickards, Jr[46]
   Col George A. Cobham[47]

Artillery


   Cpt William Wheeler (k June 22)
   Cpt Charles Aleshire[49]

  • 13th New York Light Battery
  • Battery E, Pennsylvania Light

Third Division
     MG Daniel Butterfield
     BG William T. Ward[50]

1st Brigade


   BG William T. Ward (w May 15)
   Col Benjamin Harrison[51]

2nd Brigade


   Col John Coburn

3rd Brigade


   Col James Wood

Artillery


   Cpt Marco B. Gary

Unattached Units
    

Reserve Brigade


   Col Joseph W. Burke[53]
   Col Heber Le Favour[54]
  

Pontooniers


   Col George P. Buell

Siege Artillery


   Cpt Arnold Sutermeister

Cavalry Corps[edit]

BG Washington Elliott, Chief of Cavalry, Army of the Cumberland

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Edward M. McCook

1st Brigade


   Col Joseph B. Dorr

2nd Brigade


   Col Oscar LaGrange[58]
   Ltc James Stewart[59]
   Ltc Horace Lamson

3rd Brigade[60]


   Col Louis Watkins
   Col John K. Faulkner[61]

Artillery
  • 18th Indiana Horse Artillery Battery

Second Division
     BG Kenner Garrard

1st Brigade


   Col Robert Minty

2nd Brigade [62]


   Col Eli Long

3rd Brigade


   Col John T. Wilder[63]
   Col Abram Miller

Artillery

Third Division
     BG Judson Kilpatrick (w May 13)
     Col Eli Murray[64]
     Col William W. Lowe[65]

1st Brigade


   Ltc Robert Klein

2nd Brigade


   Col Charles Smith

3rd Brigade


   Col Eli Murray
   Col Smith D. Atkins[66]

Artillery

Army of the Tennessee[edit]

MG James B. McPherson
Escort: 4th Company Ohio Cavalry; Company B, 1st Ohio Cavalry

XV Corps[edit]

MG John A. Logan

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Peter J. Osterhaus[67]
     BG Charles R. Woods[68]

1st Brigade


   BG Charles R. Woods
   Col Milo Smith[69]

2nd Brigade


   Col James A. Williamson

3rd Brigade


   Col Hugo Wangelin

Artillery


   Maj Clemens Landgraeber

Second Division
     BG Morgan L. Smith

1st Brigade


   BG Giles A. Smith

2nd Brigade


   BG Joseph Lightburn

Artillery


   Cpt Francis De Gress

Third Division[76]
  BG John E. Smith

1st Brigade


   Col Jesse I. Alexander

2nd Brigade


   Col Green B. Raum

3rd Brigade


   BG Charles L. Matthies[79]
   Col Benjamin D. Dean[80]
   Col Jabez Banbury[81]

  • 93rd Illinois
  • 5th Iowa (until July 12):[82] Col Jabez Banbury
  • 10th Iowa
  • 26th Missouri: Col Benjamin D. Dean
Artillery


   Cpt Henry Dillon

  • Wisconsin Light Artillery, 6th Battery
  • Wisconsin Light Artillery, 12th Battery
Cavalry


  

  • 5th Ohio Cavalry
  • Company F, 4th Missouri Cavalry (Escort to BG John E. Smith)

Fourth Division
     BG William Harrow

1st Brigade


   Colonel Reuben Williams

2nd Brigade


   BG Charles C. Walcutt

3rd Brigade


   Col John M. Oliver

Artillery


   Cpt Henry H. Griffiths
   Maj John T. Cheney[85]

XVI Corps[edit]

MG Grenville M. Dodge
Escort: 1st Alabama Cavalry;[86] Company A, 52nd Illinois

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Second Division
     BG Thomas W. Sweeny

1st Brigade


   BG Elliott W. Rice

2nd Brigade


   Col Patrick E. Burke (mw May 16)
   Ltc Robert N. Adams[87]
   Col August Mersy[88]

3rd Brigade[89]


   Col Moses M. Bane[90]
   Col Henry J.B. Cummings

Artillery


   Cpt Frederick Welker

Fourth Division
     BG James C. Veatch

1st Brigade


   BG John W. Fuller

2nd Brigade


   BG John W. Sprague

3rd Brigade[93]


   Col James H. Howe

Artillery


   Cpt Jerome B. Burrows
   Cpt George Robinson[94]

XVII Corps[95][edit]

MG Francis P. Blair, Jr.
Escort: Company M, 1st Ohio Cavalry;[96] Company G, 9th Illinois Mounted Infantry

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Third Division
     BG Mortimer D. Leggett

1st Brigade


   BG Manning F. Force

2nd Brigade


   Col Robert K. Scott

3rd Brigade


   Col Adam G. Malloy

Artillery


   Cpt William S. Williams

Fourth Division
     BG Walter Q. Gresham

1st Brigade


   Col William L. Sanderson

2nd Brigade[102]


   Col George C. Rogers

3rd Brigade


   Col William Hall

Artillery


   Cpt Edward Spear

Army of the Ohio (XXIII Corps)[edit]

MG John M. Schofield
BG Jacob Cox[108]
Escort: Company G, 7th Ohio Cavalry

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Alvin P. Hovey[109]
  

1st Brigade[110]


   Col Richard F. Barter

2nd Brigade[111]


   Col John McQuiston
   Col Peter T. Swaine

Artillery

Second Division
     BG Henry M. Judah[115]
     BG Milo S. Hascall

1st Brigade


   BG Nathaniel C. McLean
   BG Joseph A. Cooper[116]

2nd Brigade


   BG Milo S. Hascall[120]
   Col John R. Bond[121]
   Col William E. Hobson[122]

  • 107th Illinois
  • 80th Indiana (from June 8)
  • 13th Kentucky (from June 8): Col William E. Hobson
  • 23rd Michigan[123]
  • 45th Ohio (from May 11 until June 8)[124]
  • 111th Ohio: Col John R. Bond
  • 118th Ohio
3rd Brigade[125]


   Col Silas A. Strickland

Artillery


   Cpt Joseph C. Shields

Third Division
     BG Jacob D. Cox
     Col James W. Reilly[126]

1st Brigade


   Col James W. Reilly
   Col James W. Gault

2nd Brigade


   BG Mahlon D. Manson (w May 14)
   Col John S. Hurt[127]
   BG Milo S. Hascall[128]
   Col John S. Casement[129]
   Col Daniel Cameron[130]

3rd Brigade[133]


   BG Nathaniel McLean[134]
   Col Robert K. Byrd
   Col Israel N. Stiles

Dismounted Cavalry[135]


   Col Eugene Crittenden

Artillery


   Maj Henry W. Wells

Stoneman's Cavalry Division
     MG George Stoneman
  

1st Brigade


   Col James Biddle

2nd Brigade[138]


   Col Horace Capron

  • 14th Illinois Cavalry
  • 8th Michigan Cavalry
  • McLaughlin's Ohio Squadron
Independent Brigade


   Col Alexander Holeman

  • 1st Kentucky Cavalry
  • 11th Kentucky Cavalry
Artillery

Strengths[edit]

The following table shows total strengths of each of the major formations at several stages throughout the campaign.[139]

Army Corps April 30 May 31 June 30 July 31 August 31
Army of the Cumberland IV Corps 20,538 17,227 14,956 13,519 12,118
XIV Corps 22,696 23,448 19,607 18,014 15,249
XX Corps 20,721 16,801 14,672 12,578 12,413
Cavalry Corps 8,983 9,848 9,477 8,427 7,638
Total 72,938 67,324 58,712 52,538 47,418
Army of the Tennessee XV Corps 12,517 12,497 11,788 9,133 8,670
XVI Corps 11,863 10,361 10,744 9,345 7,818
XVII Corps - [140] 9,775 9,262 6,800 5,935
Total 34,155 32,633 31,794 25,278 22,423
Army of the Ohio XXIII Corps 9,854 9,971 12,906 11,960 9,981
Cavalry Division 2,951 2,886 2,658 1,899 1,936
Total 12,805 12,857 15,564 13,859 11,917
Military Division of the Mississippi Grand Total 110,123 112,814 106,070 91,675 81,758

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXVIII, Part 1, pages 89-114
  2. ^ From June 10
  3. ^ Mustered out May 29.
  4. ^ Mustered out June 3.
  5. ^ From June 30
  6. ^ Exchanged places with 45th Ohio in 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XXIII Corps
  7. ^ Assumed command May 22
  8. ^ Detached at Dalton from May 14
  9. ^ Sick July 10 - 25
  10. ^ In command July 10 - 25
  11. ^ Mustered out June 10; veterans and recruits transferred to the 42nd Illinois Infantry.
  12. ^ Relieved June 24
  13. ^ On veteran furlough until June 28
  14. ^ Mustered out June 6.
  15. ^ Sick from May 23
  16. ^ Absent from May 29 to June 6 and June 18 to July 18
  17. ^ Sick July 3
  18. ^ In command from July 3
  19. ^ May 29 to June 6 and June 18 to July 18
  20. ^ Joined from veteran furlough May 11
  21. ^ Temporarily assigned from July 15
  22. ^ Joined from veteran furlough May 9
  23. ^ Joined from veteran furlough May 15
  24. ^ Employed mainly in guarding trains
  25. ^ Employed mainly in guarding trains
  26. ^ Sick from July 15
  27. ^ In command from July 15
  28. ^ Mustered out June 9
  29. ^ Mustered out June 28
  30. ^ Mustered out June 10. Non-veterans attached to 92nd Ohio.
  31. ^ Absent sick from June 27
  32. ^ From June 27
  33. ^ Mustered out May 22
  34. ^ Part of time detached at Marietta
  35. ^ Remained at Ringgold
  36. ^ In command from July 3 to 17
  37. ^ Non-veterans mustered out July 22.
  38. ^ Ordered to Nashville July 6
  39. ^ Transferred from Nashville, TN, on July 21.
  40. ^ Mustered out on June 11; veterans and recruits were transferred to the 5th Ohio Infantry.
  41. ^ Mustered out May 23
  42. ^ Assumed command May 22
  43. ^ Assumed command June 7
  44. ^ Mustered out May 23; veterans and recruits transferred to the 109th Pennsylvania Infantry.
  45. ^ Absent May 15 to June 6
  46. ^ Relieved of command May 16
  47. ^ In command from May 16 to June 6
  48. ^ Non-veterans mustered out July 12; consolidated with 102nd New York Infantry July 12.
  49. ^ Transferred from 2nd Division, IV Corps on June 24
  50. ^ In command from June 29
  51. ^ Future 23rd President of the United States. In command from May 15 until Ward returned from wound, and again from June 29.
  52. ^ Transferred to 3rd Brigade, May 29
  53. ^ Mustered out May 27
  54. ^ Ordered to Chattanooga June 17
  55. ^ Mustered out May 27; 75 soldiers whose enlistments had not expired were assigned to the 18th Ohio Infantry.
  56. ^ Ordered to Chattanooga, June 17
  57. ^ Ordered to Franklin, TN on June 29
  58. ^ Captured May 9
  59. ^ Captured May 26
  60. ^ At Wauhatchie, La Fayette, Calhoun, Dalton, Resaca, and other points in the rear of the army
  61. ^ From July 5
  62. ^ Operating in northern Alabama until June 6
  63. ^ Sick from June 14
  64. ^ In command May 13 to May 21
  65. ^ In command May 21 to July 23
  66. ^ In command May 13 to May 21
  67. ^ Sick from July 15
  68. ^ From July 15
  69. ^ From July 15
  70. ^ Joined from veteran furlough June 16
  71. ^ Veterans mustered out June 16 (four companies) and June 30 (five companies), leaving only company K.
  72. ^ Joined from veteran furlough May 22
  73. ^ Joined from veteran furlough May 10
  74. ^ Transferred from 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, May 12
  75. ^ Consolidated with Battery A July 12
  76. ^ Assigned railroad and rear guard duty mainly in the Cartersville, Ga. area
  77. ^ Attached to 56th Illinois from June 11
  78. ^ Attached to 10th Missouri
  79. ^ Assumed command of U.S. forces at Decatur, AL from May 13
  80. ^ In command May 15 to May 31
  81. ^ In command from June 1
  82. ^ Transferred to Department of the Cumberland July 12
  83. ^ Joined June 3
  84. ^ Transferred to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, May 12
  85. ^ From May 20
  86. ^ At Rome from June 24
  87. ^ In command from May 16 to May 23
  88. ^ In command from May 23
  89. ^ At Rome, GA from May 22
  90. ^ Resigned June 20
  91. ^ At Rome, GA from May 22
  92. ^ Mustered out May 22
  93. ^ At Decatur, AL until August 7 when it joined the army at Atlanta, GA
  94. ^ From July 3
  95. ^ Joined the army in Georgia June 8
  96. ^ Until June 18
  97. ^ At Etowah Bridge
  98. ^ Transferred from 4th Division July 10
  99. ^ Transferred to 4th Division July 10
  100. ^ Detachments of 14th Wisconsin, 81st and 95th Illinois
  101. ^ At Etowah Bridge until July 17
  102. ^ At Altoona from June 8 to July 13
  103. ^ Consolidated into veteran battalion with 15th Illinois July 5
  104. ^ Joined July 5, and subsequently consolidated into a battalion of two companies
  105. ^ At Altoona June 8 to July 11
  106. ^ At Altoona and Kenesaw
  107. ^ At Kenesaw from July 11
  108. ^ In command May 26–27
  109. ^ On leave from June 9; troops temporarily assigned to 2nd and 3rd Divisions
  110. ^ Attached to 3rd Division from June 9; sometimes designated as 4th Brigade, 3rd Division
  111. ^ Attached to 2nd Division from June 9; sometimes designated as 4th Brigade, 2nd Division
  112. ^ Transferred from 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps on June 22
  113. ^ Attached to 3rd Division from June 9
  114. ^ Attached to 2nd Division from June 9; transferred to Cavalry Division July 6
  115. ^ On leave from May 18
  116. ^ In command from June 4
  117. ^ Transferred to 2nd Brigade June 8
  118. ^ Transferred to 2nd Brigade June 8
  119. ^ Transferred to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, IV Corps June 22
  120. ^ Transferred to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division May 16
  121. ^ Sick from June 18
  122. ^ In command from June 18
  123. ^ Provost guard at corps headquarters from July 11
  124. ^ Joined brigade on May 11 and transferred to 1st Brigade June 8
  125. ^ Joined army May 28, and designated as Provisional Brigade until June 8
  126. ^ In command May 26–27
  127. ^ In command May 14 to 16 and May 18 to 21
  128. ^ In command May 17 to 18, then assumed command of 2nd Division
  129. ^ In command May 21 to June 4
  130. ^ In command from June 4
  131. ^ Joined from veteran furlough June 4
  132. ^ Transferred to newly formed 3rd Brigade June 5
  133. ^ Organized June 5
  134. ^ Transferred to District of Kentucky June 17
  135. ^ Assigned June 21
  136. ^ Assigned to 3rd Division, XXIII Corps June 21
  137. ^ Assigned to 3rd Division, XXIII Corps June 21
  138. ^ Joined army in the field June 28
  139. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXVIII, Part 1, pages 115-117
  140. ^ Not present

References[edit]

  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Luvaas, Jay & Harold W. Nelson (eds.). Guide to the Atlanta Campaign: Rocky Face Ridge to Kennesaw Mountain (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas), 2008. ISBN 978-0-7006-1569-8