Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center (New York City Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
"2" train "3" train "4" train "5" train "B" train "Q" train "D" train "N" train "R" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Barclays Center entrance vc.jpg
Entrance from Barclays Center
Station statistics
Address Atlantic Avenue, Pacific Street,
Flatbush Avenue & Fourth Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11217
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Downtown Brooklyn
Coordinates 40°41′04″N 73°58′44″W / 40.684462°N 73.978758°W / 40.684462; -73.978758Coordinates: 40°41′04″N 73°58′44″W / 40.684462°N 73.978758°W / 40.684462; -73.978758
Division A (IRT), B (BMT)
Line BMT Fourth Avenue Line
BMT Brighton Line
IRT Eastern Parkway Line
Services       2 weekdays and weekday late nights (weekdays and weekday late nights)
      3 weekdays only (weekdays only)
      4 all times (all times)
      5 all times except weekday late nights (all times except weekday late nights)
      B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      Q all times (all times)
      D all times (all times)
      N all times (all times)
      R all times (all times)
      W limited rush hour service only (limited rush hour service only)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B37, B41, B45, B63, B67
Bus transport MTA Bus: B103
Railway transportation LIRR: City Terminal Zone (at Atlantic Terminal)
Levels 3
Other information
Station code 617[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 13,818,168 (station complex)[3]Increase 0.9%
Rank 21 out of 422

Atlantic Avenue Control House
MPS Interborough Rapid Transit Subway Control Houses TR
NRHP Reference # 80002643[4]
Added to NRHP May 6, 1980
Atlantic Avenue Subway Station (IRT and BMT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 04001023[4]
Added to NRHP September 17, 2004

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center is a New York City Subway station complex shared by the BMT Fourth Avenue Line, the BMT Brighton Line and the IRT Eastern Parkway Line, located at Atlantic, Fourth, and Flatbush Avenues and Pacific Street in Downtown Brooklyn. The complex is served by the:

  • 4, D, N, Q and R trains at all times
  • 5 train at all times except evenings and late nights on weekdays
  • 2 train on weekdays
  • 3 and B trains weekdays only except late nights
  • W train during rush hours only, with a few trips in the peak direction

With nine subway services, this station is second to the Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal complex in offering the most transfers to other services.

As of 2016, it is the busiest subway station in Brooklyn, with 13,818,168 passengers, and is ranked 21st overall.[3] The control house has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1980,[5] while the station complex as a whole has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 2004,[5] and is ADA-compliant.

History[edit]

The landmarked Atlantic Avenue Control House's exterior (left) and interior (right)

The IRT Eastern Parkway Line station was built first, in 1908, the terminal of a four-stop subway extension from Lower Manhattan to Downtown Brooklyn via the Joralemon Street Tunnel.[6] The station's control house, a grand, ornate entrance to what was then the terminal of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company's Brooklyn lines, was designed by Heins & LaFarge, the architects who also built the Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine in Morningside Heights, Manhattan.[7] This control house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980; however, the actual entrance is now removed and now serves as a skylight into the IRT station.[5]

During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the Brighton Line platforms at Atlantic Avenue, along with those at six other stations on the Brighton Line, were lengthened to 615 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 60-foot IND cars, or a nine-car train of 67-foot BMT cars.[8]

The station was overhauled in the late 1970s. The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) fixed the station's structure and overhauled its appearance. It refurbished the wall tilings and replaced the old signs and incandescent lighting with modern fixtures. It also fixed the staircases and platform edges.[citation needed] On January 16, 1978, the ex-IRT and ex-BMT stations were connected into a single station complex, eliminating a "double fare" that formerly was required to transfer between the IRT and BMT sides of the station.[9][10]

The station complex underwent another major overhaul from 1999 to 2003, using funds from the 1987 capital program;[11] the $49 million in funding from that program had been delayed in 1994 due to the MTA's budget issues.[12] This time the station received state of the art repairs and was updated for ADA-accessibility, with the installation of eight elevators in the station, as well as the widening or construction of fifteen staircases.[7] The MTA repaired the staircases, re-tiled the walls and floors, upgraded the station's lights and the public address system, installed ADA yellow safety threads along the platform edge, installed new trackbeds for local and express trains entering the IRT station, and widened the 100-year-old passageways between the stations. To achieve this, the entire IRT station had to be supported by large 36-foot-long (11 m) crossbeams hanging from the roof of the station box, a construction technique that had never been used previously; the station was also supported by conventional columns from below. The entire feat raised the subway infrastructure under Flatbush Avenue, as well as the avenue itself, by less than an inch while the 350-foot-long (110 m) passageways were widened from 15 to 42 feet (4.6 to 12.8 m).[7] In 2004, the entire station was made a NRHP landmark.[5] Late that year, the MTA installed elevators on both sides of the platform and street level to accommodate wheelchairs and those with disabilities.

In June 2009, the MTA sold the naming rights of the station complex to Forest City Ratner Companies for 20 years at $200,000 per year, one of the few such renames in the system (Willets Point–Shea Stadium, in Queens, was another example of a station with such naming rights, until the MTA simply renamed it to Mets–Willets Point following Shea Stadium's demolition).[13] Barclays Center, whose naming rights were bought by Barclays Bank, opened September 2012 and is part of Forest City Ratner Companies' Pacific Park project. As a result, the station was renamed from Atlantic Avenue/Pacific Street to Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center in May 2012. A new mezzanine and fare control area was built near the sports complex.[14][15] Following this rename and the addition of a new exit, the MTA has considered selling the naming rights of other subway stations.[13]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Entrances/Exits
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevators at:
  • SE corner of Pacific Street and Fourth Avenue. "D" train "N" train "R" train customers should use Pacific Street elevator
  • At Hanson Place and Flatbush Avenue. "B" train "Q" train "2" train "3" train "4" train "5" train and LIRR customers should use Hanson Place elevator)
Barclays Center
Connection to Atlantic Terminal
B1
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local "2" train weekdays ("5" train weekends) toward Wakefield–241st Street weekdays (Nevins Street)
"3" train toward Harlem–148th Street (weekdays except nights) (Nevins Street)
"4" train toward Woodlawn late nights and weekends (Nevins Street)
Northbound express "4" train toward Woodlawn (weekdays except nights) (Nevins Street)
"5" train toward Nereid Avenue PM rush hours, Dyre Avenue weekdays till 8:45pm (Nevins Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound express "4" train toward Utica Avenue (weekdays except nights) (Franklin Avenue)
"5" train toward Flatbush Avenue (weekdays) (Franklin Avenue)
Southbound local "2" train weekdays ("5" train weekends) toward Flatbush Avenue (Bergen Street)
"3" train ("4" train late nights and weekends) toward New Lots Avenue (Bergen Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
B2 Mezzanine Passageway between platforms
B3
Platform level (Atlantic Avenue)
Northbound "B" train toward Bedford Park Boulevard (rush hours) or 145th Street (other times) (DeKalb Avenue)
"Q" train toward 96th Street (DeKalb Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound "B" train toward Brighton Beach (Seventh Avenue)
"Q" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Brighton (Seventh Avenue)
B3
Platform level (Pacific Street)
Northbound local "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Whitehall Street late nights) (DeKalb Avenue)
"D" train toward Norwood–205th Street late nights (DeKalb Avenue)
"N" train late nights, "W" train rush hours toward Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard (DeKalb Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound express "D" train toward Norwood–205th Street (all except nights) (Grand Street)
"N" train toward Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard (all except nights) (Canal Street)
Southbound express "D" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via West End (all except nights) (36th Street)
"N" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Sea Beach (all except nights) (36th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound local "R" train toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (Union Street)
"D" train "N" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue late nights (D via West End, N via Sea Beach) (Union Street)
"W" train toward 86th Street–Gravesend rush hours (Union Street)

The station consists of three levels. The shallowest below ground, the IRT Eastern Parkway Line platforms, is at the same level as the LIRR's Atlantic Terminal railway platforms and are only 20 feet (6.1 m) below street level. The second level below ground is the BMT Fourth Avenue Line platforms, which are 40 feet (12 m) deep and have a mezzanine, and a connecting passageway to the IRT Eastern Parkway Line and BMT Brighton Line, above the platforms. The deepest is the BMT Brighton Line platform, which are 50 feet (15 m) deep and have a mezzanine above them, which serves both the Brighton Line platform and the Eastern Parkway Line platforms.

Exits[edit]

To the Fourth Avenue portion of the complex:

  • Stair to NW corner of 4th Avenue and Pacific Street[16]
  • Handicapped/disabled access Stair and elevator to NE corner of 4th Avenue and Pacific Street[16]

To the Eastern Parkway/Brighton portion of the complex:

  • Stair to western corner of Hanson Place and St. Felix Place[16]
  • Handicapped/disabled access Stair and elevator to southern corner of Hanson Place and St. Felix Place[16]
  • Passageway to 1 Hanson Place[16]
  • Two stairs to north side of Flatbush Avenue southeast of Hanson Place[16]
  • Handicapped/disabled access Passageway to Atlantic Terminal Station[16]
  • Stair and escalators to Barclays Center at SE corner of Atlantic and Flatbush Avenues[16]

IRT Eastern Parkway Line platforms[edit]

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
"2" train "3" train "4" train "5" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Atlantic Avenue (IRT Local platform).JPG
Southbound local platform
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Eastern Parkway Line
Services       2 weekdays and weekday late nights (weekdays and weekday late nights)
      3 weekdays only (weekdays only)
      4 all times (all times)
      5 all times except weekday late nights (all times except weekday late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms (local)
1 island platform (express)
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened May 1, 1908; 109 years ago (1908-05-01)
Station code 339[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names Atlantic Avenue
Station succession
Next north Nevins Street: 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 all times 5 all times except weekday late nights
Next south Bergen Street (local): 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only 4 weekends and late nights 5 weekends and weekend late nights
Franklin Avenue (express): 4 weekdays only 5 weekdays until 8:45 p.m.


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north Borough Hall (local): 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 3 weekdays only
Borough Hall (express): 4 all times 5 all times except weekday late nights (northbound only)
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Church Avenue (via Nostrand Avenue): 2 weekdays and weekday late nights 5 all except weekday evenings and nights
Crown Heights–Utica Avenue (via Eastern Parkway): 2 special rush hour trips 3 weekdays only 4 all times 5 special rush hour trips
Track layout
to Nevins St
to Bergen St
to Franklin Av

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center (originally Atlantic Avenue) is an express station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line which has four tracks, one island platform, and two side platforms. On the center platform, there are two old indicator signs which mark the next train, formerly used for non-rush hour short turn trains. An old style sign to the Brooklyn Academy of Music also exists. The trackway to the Long Island Rail Road Atlantic Branch is still visible at the north end of the northbound local track, although much of it is behind corrugated wall; more information about this and other unused trackways is at Bergen Street. The LIRR Atlantic Terminal platforms, slightly lower, are clearly visible through floor-to-ceiling railings.

This station has been completely renovated. The northbound local trackway and track have been completely redone with concrete base and welded rail.

The IRT Eastern Parkway Line platform has a passageway to the BMT Fourth Avenue and Brighton Lines under the platforms, with the Fourth Avenue Line to the southwest and the Brighton Line to the northeast. Another passageway between the Eastern Parkway and Brighton Line is present at the south end of the station, which also leads to an exit immediately adjacent to Barclays Center. The Barclays Center exit features a part-time booth that is staffed during events at the arena and two escalators.[16]

Although the station is wheelchair accessible, the Eastern Parkway Line express platform was formerly too narrow in some areas to accommodate wheelchairs. Passengers were notified of this fact by announcements on trains before reaching the station. The stairs have since been trimmed in width to allow full wheelchair access.

North of this station, there is an unused trackway, splitting from the southbound local track for a proposed subway under Fourth Avenue (later built as the BMT Fourth Avenue Line). It merges with the Manhattan-bound express track and ends on a bumper block between the two express tracks at Nevins Street. When this station originally opened in 1908 it was the terminal for the line, and had two side platforms, an island platform, and two tracks. All the platforms were connected together at their southern ends.

This station is one of three express stations to have side platforms for local services and a center island platform for express services, the other two being the 34th Street–Penn Station stops on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line respectively. The reason for this is that the station is connected to Atlantic Terminal, and the next station west from Atlantic Avenue, Nevins Street, is also an express station with the more common two island platform configuration. This limits overcrowding by preventing cross-platform interchanges between local and express services.

BMT Fourth Avenue Line platforms[edit]

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
"D" train "N" train "R" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Atlantic Ave-Barclays Center BMT Uptown Platform.jpg
Manhattan-bound platform
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line BMT Fourth Avenue Line
Services       D all times (all times)
      N all times (all times)
      R all times (all times)
      W limited rush hour service only (limited rush hour service only)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened June 22, 1915; 102 years ago (1915-06-22)[17]
Station code 027[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street
Pacific Street
Station succession
Next north DeKalb Avenue (local): D late nights N late nights R all times W limited rush hour service only
Canal Street (express via Broadway): N all except late nights
Grand Street (express via 6th Avenue): D all except late nights
Next south Union Street (local): D late nights N late nights R all times W limited rush hour service only
36th Street (express): D all except late nights N all except late nights


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north DeKalb Avenue (local): D late nights N late nights R all times W limited rush hour service only
14th Street–Union Square (express via Broadway): N all except late nights
Broadway–Lafayette Street (express via 6th Avenue): D all except late nights
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (via Sea Beach Line): N all times
Bay Parkway (via West End Line): D all times
none: R all times W limited rush hour service only
Track layout
to Canal St or Grand St
to DeKalb Av
to Union St
to 36 St

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center (originally Pacific Street then Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street) is an express station on the BMT Fourth Avenue Line that has four tracks and two island platforms. It opened on June 22, 1915.[17] A wall separates the two platforms.

At the north end of the BMT Fourth Avenue platforms, two staircases and one elevator go up to the main fare control area, where a turnstile bank provides access to/from the station and two staircases going up to either northern corners of Pacific Street and Fourth Avenue. The northeast corner also has an elevator going down to the mezzanine. A pathway connects to the rest of the complex.[16]

BMT Brighton Line platform[edit]

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center
"B" train "Q" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Atlantic Avenue - Barclays Center (B-Q Platform).JPG
Manhattan-bound "B" train train of R68 cars arrives at the station
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line BMT Brighton Line
Services       B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      Q all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened August 1, 1920; 96 years ago (1920-08-01)[18]
Station code 040f[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other names Atlantic Avenue
Station succession
Next north DeKalb Avenue: B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times
Next south Seventh Avenue: B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north DeKalb Avenue: B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Prospect Park: B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. Q all times
Track layout
to DeKalb Av
to 7 Av

Atlantic Avenue–Barclays Center (originally Atlantic Avenue) on the BMT Brighton Line has two tracks and an island platform.

The platform has seven staircases, three to the main mezzanine, two to the Hanson Place exit at the north end, which is an escalator that leads to a separate mezzanine with no transfers to the other lines and two at the south end, which leads to both an exit immediately adjacent to Barclays Center and another mezzanine that connects to the IRT platforms. The Barclays Center exit features a part-time booth that is staffed during events at the arena and two escalators.[16]

The street staircase on the Hanson Place mezzanine leads to the Williamsburgh Savings Bank Tower. The exit at Hanson Place once had a booth that has since been removed.[16] The lower level of this mezzanine had a passageway, now sealed, that ran above the platform from Hanson Place. The "To Hanson Place" and other signs are covered up. This area is now space used by MTA employees with the entrance at the other side.

The main mezzanine also has an out-of-system passageway to the LIRR's Atlantic Terminal and the full-time fare control at the IRT side of the station.[16] Two of the street staircases lead to the Atlantic Terminal Mall. There is a removed staircase in between the two sets of stairs. The northernmost staircase was added during renovation, while the other two staircases were narrowed in order to comply with ADA guidelines regarding minimum 36-inch width clearances.

A platform extension is clearly visible at the south end of the platform, where the name tablets and "A" are authentic replicas on the northbound platform wall, while the southbound wall was tiled around them. The area on the southbound wall where the platform extends out is made of replicas as well. Since there were no mosaics built, only a green wall was present prior to renovation, which indicates where the platform was extended in the 1964–1965 to fit ten car trains.[8]

North of this station, a bellmouth is visible from a Manhattan-bound train.[19] The bellmouth was for the proposed Ashland Place Connection which would have connected to the now-demolished BMT Fulton Street El.

BMT Fifth Avenue Line station[edit]

Atlantic Avenue
(closed)
Former New York City Subway rapid transit station
NYCS IRT EasternPkwy AtlanticAve.jpg
The Fifth Avenue Line station was located right above the headhouse for this station complex
Station statistics
Address Flatbush Avenue and Atlantic Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11217
Borough Brooklyn
Services BMT Fifth Avenue Line
BMT Culver Line
Structure Elevated
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened November 5, 1888; 128 years ago (November 5, 1888)
Closed June 1, 1940; 77 years ago (June 1, 1940)
Station code [1]
Station succession
Next north Fulton Street
Next south St. Mark's Avenue

The station complex formerly had an elevated portion on the BMT Fifth Avenue Line, called Atlantic Avenue. It was served by trains of the BMT Culver Line and BMT Fifth Avenue Line and had two tracks and one island platform. It was located at Flatbush Avenue and Atlantic Avenue, right above the headhouse for the current complex. It also served the St. Johns Place Line, Flatbush Avenue Line, Third Avenue Line, and Seventh Avenue Line streetcars.

On June 25, 1923 two cars of a train coming from 65th Street Terminal derailed and fell towards Flatbush Avenue. Eight passengers died and many were injured.[20][21] With increased use of the subways compared to the elevated lines, and the completion of the unification of the city's three subway systems, the Fifth Avenue Line was closed at midnight on June 1, 1940, and was demolished in 1941.[22][23][24][25]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  3. ^ a b "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved January 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d "National Register of Historical Places – NEW YORK (NY), Kings County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. 
  6. ^ "Brooklyn Joyful Over Its Tunnel". The New York Times. January 10, 1908. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 
  7. ^ a b c Luo, Michael (2003-12-27). "How to Hold Up a Subway Tunnel: Get a Big Hanger; An Unusual Feat of Engineering Makes the Renovation of a Brooklyn Station Possible". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  8. ^ a b Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965. 
  9. ^ "Double Fare to Be Eliminated At 3 Subway Transfer Points". The New York Times. 1977-12-16. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  10. ^ "www.nycsubway.org: The New York Transit Authority in the 1970s". nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  11. ^ "www.nycsubway.org: The New York Transit Authority in the 1980s". nycsubway.org. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  12. ^ Jr, James C. Mckinley (1994-11-15). "Subway Work In Flushing Is Restored". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  13. ^ a b Flegenheimer, Matt (2013-07-19). "M.T.A. Considers Selling Rights to Name Subway Stations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  14. ^ McShane, Larry (2009-06-24). "MTA signs off on sweet Atlantic Yards deal Bruce Ratner: Money down drops from $100M to $20M". Daily News. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  15. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (2009-06-23). "M.T.A. Sells Naming Rights to Subway Station". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Downtown Brooklyn and Borough Hall" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Through Tube to Coney, 48 Minutes: First Train on Fourth Avenue Route Beats West End Line Eleven Minutes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 22, 1915. Retrieved 29 June 2015 – via Newspapers.com. 
  18. ^ "New Subways Add Seven More Miles to BRT on Aug 1". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 25, 1920. Retrieved August 19, 2016 – via newspapers.com. 
  19. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JR6b5KhAtFA&feature=related The provision of the never-built connection north of Atlantic Avenue can be seen towards the right, at the 1:13 mark in the video.
  20. ^ Under the Sidewalks of New York The Story of the Greatest Subway System By Brian J. Cudahy
  21. ^ "The Forgotten Brooklyn Elevated Train Crash Of 1923". Stuff Nobody Cares About. Forgotten New York. June 25, 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  22. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (2014-10-01). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 9780823261901. 
  23. ^ "Photo of the Week: Elevated Train Station |". www.brooklynhistory.org. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  24. ^ "1940: What's Going On". The New York Public Library. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  25. ^ "B.M.T. 'El' Lines to Shift Service; City to Close 2 Sections This Week; New Schedules Affect Fulton St., Lexington Ave. and Culver Roads--Free Transfers to the Independent System at Some Stations". The New York Times. 1940-05-27. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]