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Atlantic City, New Jersey

Coordinates: 39°21′45″N 74°25′30″W / 39.36250°N 74.42500°W / 39.36250; -74.42500
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Atlantic City, New Jersey
Flag of Atlantic City, New Jersey
Coat of arms of Atlantic City, New Jersey
Official logo of Atlantic City, New Jersey
Monopoly City[1]
"The World's Famous Playground"[2]
Consilio et Prudentia (Latin)
"By Counsel and Wisdom"
Location of Atlantic City in Atlantic County highlighted in red (left). Inset map: Location of Atlantic County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (right).
Location of Atlantic City in Atlantic County highlighted in red (left). Inset map: Location of Atlantic County in New Jersey highlighted in orange (right).
Atlantic City is located in Atlantic County, New Jersey
Atlantic City
Atlantic City
Location in Atlantic County
Atlantic City is located in New Jersey
Atlantic City
Atlantic City
Location in New Jersey
Atlantic City is located in the United States
Atlantic City
Atlantic City
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°21′45″N 74°25′30″W / 39.36250°N 74.42500°W / 39.36250; -74.42500[4][5]
Country United States
State New Jersey
IncorporatedMay 1, 1854
 • TypeFaulkner Act (mayor–council)
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorMarty Small Sr. (D, December 31, 2025)[6][7]
 • City Council
  • Ward 1: Aaron "Sporty" Randolph (D)
  • Ward 2: Latoya Dunston (D)
  • Ward 3: Kaleem Shabazz (D)
  • Ward 4: MD Hossain Morshed (D)
  • Ward 5: Anjum Zia (D)
  • Ward 6: Jesse O. Kurtz (R)
  • At-Large: Stephanie Marshall (D)
  • At-Large: George Tibbitt (D)
  • At-Large: Bruce Weekes (D)
 • AdministratorAnthony Swan[9]
 • Municipal clerkPaula Geletei[10]
 • City17.21 sq mi (44.59 km2)
 • Land10.76 sq mi (27.87 km2)
 • Water6.45 sq mi (16.72 km2)  37.50%
 • Rank165th of 565 in state
8th of 23 in county[4]
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
 • City38,497
 • Estimate 
 • Rank61st of 565 in state
2nd of 23 in county[19]
 • Density3,577.8/sq mi (1,381.4/km2)
  • Rank188th of 565 in state
4th of 23 in county[19]
 • Urban
294,921 (US: 138th)[14]
 • Urban density1,810.7/sq mi (699.1/km2)
 • Metro
274,534 (US: 179th)[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
Area code609[22]
FIPS code3400102080[4][23][24]
GNIS feature ID0885142[25]
Interactive map of Atlantic City

Atlantic City, sometimes referred to by its initials A.C., is a Jersey Shore seaside resort city in Atlantic County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey.

Atlantic City comprises the second half of the Atlantic City-Hammonton metropolitan statistical area, which encompasses those cities and all of Atlantic County for statistical purposes. Both Atlantic City and Hammonton, as well as the surrounding Atlantic County, are culturally tied to Philadelphia and constitute part of the larger Philadelphia metropolitan area or Delaware Valley, the nation's seventh-largest metropolitan area as of 2020.[26]

Located in South Jersey on Absecon Island and known for its taxis, casinos, nightlife, boardwalk, and Atlantic Ocean beaches and coastline, the city is prominently known as the "Las Vegas of the East Coast" and inspired the U.S. version of the board game Monopoly, which uses various Atlantic City street names and destinations in the game.[27] New Jersey voters legalized casino gambling in Atlantic City in 1976, and the first casino opened two years later. From 1921 to 2004, Atlantic City hosted the Miss America pageant, which later returned to the city from 2013 to 2018.

As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 38,497,[16][17] a decline of 1,061 (−2.7%) from the 2010 census count of 39,558,[28][17] which in turn reflected a decrease of 959 (−2.4%) from the 40,517 counted in the 2000 census.[29]

The city was incorporated on May 1, 1854, from portions of Egg Harbor Township and Galloway Township.[30] It is located on Absecon Island and borders Absecon, Brigantine, Egg Harbor Township, Galloway Township, Pleasantville, Ventnor City, and the Atlantic Ocean.


Atlantic City, 1877
A High Tide at Atlantic City, a painting by William Trost Richards, now housed in Brooklyn Museum

Prior to Atlantic City's founding, the region served as a summer home for the Lenape, a Native American tribe. While the precise date of European settlement in present-day Atlantic City is not precisely determined, it is commonly thought that it was in 1783, when Jeremiah Leeds built and occupied a year-round home there.

19th century[edit]

In 1850, present-day Atlantic City was developed into a resort town. Three years later, in early 1853, it was named "Atlantic City".[31]

Because of its location in South Jersey, which hugs the Atlantic Ocean between marshlands and islands, Atlantic City was viewed by developers as prime real estate and a potential resort town. In 1853, the first commercial hotel, the Belloe House, was built at the intersection of Massachusetts and Atlantic Avenues.[32]

The city was incorporated in 1854, the same year train service began on the Camden and Atlantic Railroad.[33] Built on the edge of the bay, this served as the direct link of this remote parcel of land with Philadelphia, the second-most populous city in the United States at the time and the largest city in Pennsylvania. The same year, construction of the Absecon Lighthouse, designed by George Meade of the Corps of Topographical Engineers, was approved, with work initiated the next year.[34]

By 1874, almost 500,000 passengers a year were coming to Atlantic City by rail. In Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City, "Atlantic City's Godfather"[35] Nelson Johnson describes the inspiration of Jonathan Pitney (the "Father of Atlantic City"[36]) to develop Atlantic City as a health resort, his efforts to convince the municipal authorities that a railroad to the beach would be beneficial, his successful alliance with Samuel Richards (entrepreneur and member of the most influential family in southern New Jersey at the time) to achieve that goal, the actual building of the railroad, and the experience of the first 600 riders, who "were chosen carefully by Samuel Richards and Jonathan Pitney":[37]

After arriving in Atlantic City, a second train brought the visitors to the door of the resort's first public lodging, the United States Hotel. The hotel was owned by the railroad. It was a sprawling, four-story structure built to house 2,000 guests. It opened while it was still under construction, with only one wing standing, and even that wasn't completed. By year's end, when it was fully constructed, the United States Hotel was not only the first hotel in Atlantic City but also the largest in the nation. Its rooms totaled more than 600, and its grounds covered some 14 acres.

The first boardwalk was built in 1870 along a portion of the beach in an effort to help hotel owners keep sand out of their lobbies. Businesses were restricted and the boardwalk was removed each year at the end of the peak season.[38] Because of its effectiveness and popularity, the boardwalk was expanded in length and width, and modified several times in subsequent years.

Prior to the destructive 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane, the historic length of the boardwalk was about 7 mi (11 km) and it extended from Atlantic City to Longport, through Ventnor and Margate.[39]

The first road connecting the city to the mainland at Pleasantville was completed in 1870 and charged a 30-cent toll. Albany Avenue was the first road to the mainland available without a toll.[40]

By 1878, because of the growing popularity of the city, one railroad line could no longer keep up with demand. Soon, the Philadelphia and Atlantic City Railway was also constructed to transport tourists to Atlantic City. At this point massive hotels like The United States Hotel and Surf House, as well as smaller rooming houses, had sprung up all over town. The United States Hotel took up a full city block between Atlantic, Pacific, Delaware, and Maryland Avenues. These hotels were not only impressive in size, but featured the most updated amenities, and were considered quite luxurious for their time.

In 1883, salt water taffy was conceived in Atlantic City by David Bradley. The traditional story is that Bradley's shop was flooded after a major storm, soaking his taffy with salty Atlantic Ocean water. He sold some "salt water taffy" to a girl, who proudly walked down to the beach to show her friends. Bradley's mother was in the back of the store when the sale was made, and loved the name, and so salt water taffy was born.[41][42]

20th century[edit]

Atlantic City Boardwalk crowd in front of Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel in 1911
Consilio et prudentia, Atlantic City's motto, along with its coat of arms on historic Boardwalk Hall, built during prohibition, which lasted from 1919 to 1933
Haddon Hall Hotel depicted on a mid-1930s postcard

In the early 20th century, Atlantic City experienced a radical building boom. Many of the modest boarding houses that dotted the boardwalk were replaced with large hotels. Two of the city's most distinctive hotels were the Marlborough-Blenheim Hotel and the Traymore Hotel.

In 1902, Josiah White III bought a parcel of land near Ohio Avenue and the boardwalk, where he started construction and built the Queen Anne style Marlborough House. The hotel was a success. In 1905, he chose to expand the hotel and bought another parcel of land adjacent to his Marlborough House. In an effort to make his new hotel a source of conversation, White hired the architectural firm of Price and McLanahan. The firm made use of reinforced concrete, a new building material invented by Jean-Louis Lambot in 1848, and Joseph Monier received the patent in 1867. The hotel's Spanish and Moorish themes, capped off with its signature dome and chimneys, represented a step forward from other hotels that had a classically designed influence. White named the new hotel the Blenheim and merged the two hotels into the Marlborough-Blenheim. Bally's Atlantic City was later constructed at this location.

The Traymore Hotel was located at the corner of Illinois Avenue and the boardwalk. Constructed in 1879 as a small boarding house, the hotel grew through a series of uncoordinated expansions. By 1914, the hotel's owner, Daniel White, Josiah White's half-brother,[43][circular reference] taking a hint from the Marlborough-Blenheim, commissioned the firm of Price and McLanahan to build an even bigger hotel. Rising 16 stories, the tan brick and gold-capped hotel would become one of the city's best-known landmarks. The hotel made use of ocean-facing hotel rooms by jutting its wings farther from the main portion of the hotel along Pacific Avenue.

One by one, additional large hotels were constructed along the boardwalk, including the Brighton, Chelsea, Shelburne, Ambassador, Ritz Carlton, Mayflower, Madison House, and the Breakers. The Quaker-owned Chalfonte House, opened in 1868, and Haddon House, opened in 1869, flanked North Carolina Avenue at the beach end. Over the years, their original wood-frame structures would be enlarged, and even moved closer to the beach. The modern Chalfonte Hotel, eight stories tall, opened in 1904. The modern Haddon Hall was built in stages and was completed in 1929, at eleven stories. By this time, they were under the same ownership and merged into the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel, becoming the city's largest hotel with nearly 1,000 rooms. By 1930, the Claridge, the city's last large hotel before the casinos, opened its doors.

The 400-room Claridge was built by a partnership that included renowned Philadelphia contractor John McShain. At 24 stories, it would become known as the "Skyscraper by the Sea". The city became known as "The World's Playground".[44][45]

With tourism peaking in the 1920s, the period is often considered by historians to be Atlantic City's golden age. During Prohibition, which was enacted nationally in 1919 and lasted until 1933, much liquor was consumed and gambling regularly took place in the back rooms of nightclubs and restaurants. During Prohibition, racketeer and political boss Enoch L. "Nucky" Johnson rose to power. Prohibition was largely unenforced in Atlantic City. Because alcohol that had been smuggled into the city with the implicit approval of local officials, it was easily obtained at restaurants and other establishments, and the resort's popularity grew further.[46] The city then dubbed itself as "The World's Playground". Nucky Johnson's income, which reached as much as $500,000 annually, came from the kickbacks he took on illegal liquor, gambling and prostitution operating in the city, as well as from kickbacks on construction projects.[47]

During this time, Atlantic City was led by mayor Edward L. Bader, known for his contributions to the construction, athletics and aviation of Atlantic City.[48] Despite opposition, he had Atlantic City purchase the land that became the city's municipal airport and high school football stadium, both of which were later named Bader Field in his honor.[49] He led the initiative, in 1923, to construct the Atlantic City High School at Albany and Atlantic Avenues.[48] Bader, in November 1923, initiated a public referendum, during the general election, at which time residents approved the construction of a Convention Center. The city passed an ordinance approving a bond issue for $1.5 million to be used for the purchase of land for Convention Hall, now known as the Boardwalk Hall, finalized on September 30, 1924.[50] Bader was also a driving force behind the creation of the Miss America competition.[51]

In May 1929, Johnson hosted a conference for organized crime figures from all across America that created a National Crime Syndicate. The men who called this meeting were Masseria family lieutenant Charles "Lucky" Luciano and former Chicago South Side Gang boss Johnny "the Fox" Torrio, with heads of the Bugs and Meyer Mob, Meyer Lansky and Benjamin Siegel, being used as muscle for the meeting.[52]

Gangster and businessman Al Capone attended the conference and was photographed walking along the Atlantic City boardwalk with Johnson.[53]

The 1930s through the 1960s were a heyday for nightclub entertainment. Popular venues on the white-populated south side included the 500 Club, the Clicquot Club, and the Jockey Club. In the Northside neighborhood, home to African Americans in the racially segregated city, a black entertainment district reigned on Kentucky Avenue.

Four major nightclubs, Club Harlem, the Paradise Club, Grace's Little Belmont, and Wonder Gardens, drew both black and white patrons. During the summer tourist season, jazz and R&B music could be heard into the wee hours of the morning. Soul food restaurants and ribs joints also lined Kentucky Avenue, including Wash's Restaurant,[54] Jerry's and Sap's.[55]

Like many older East Coast cities after World War II, Atlantic City became plagued with poverty, crime, corruption, and general economic decline in the mid-to-late 20th century. The neighborhood known as the "Inlet" became particularly impoverished. The reasons for the resort's decline were multi-layered. First, the automobile became more readily available to many Americans after the war. Atlantic City had initially relied upon visitors coming by train and staying for a couple of weeks. The car allowed them to come and go as they pleased, and many people would spend only a few days, rather than weeks. The advent of suburbia also played a significant role. With many families moving to their own private houses, luxuries such as home air conditioning and swimming pools diminished their interest in flocking to the luxury beach resorts during the hot summer. Finally, the rise of relatively cheap jet airline service allowed visitors to travel to year-round resort places such as Miami Beach and the Bahamas.[56]

The city hosted the 1964 Democratic National Convention which nominated Lyndon Johnson for president and Hubert Humphrey as vice president. The convention and the press coverage it generated, however, cast a harsh light on Atlantic City, which by then was in the midst of a long period of economic decline. Many felt that the friendship between Johnson and Governor of New Jersey Richard J. Hughes led Atlantic City to host the Democratic Convention.[57]

By the late 1960s, many of the resort's once great hotels were suffering from high vacancy rates. Most of them were either shut down, converted to cheap apartments, or converted to nursing home facilities by the end of the decade. Prior to and during the advent of legalized gambling, many of these hotels were demolished. The Breakers, The Chelsea, the Brighton, the Shelburne, the Mayflower, the Traymore and the Marlborough-Blenheim were demolished in the 1970s and 1980s. Of the many pre-casino resorts that bordered the boardwalk, only the Claridge, the Dennis, the Ritz-Carlton, and the Haddon Hall survive to this day as parts of Bally's Atlantic City, a condo complex, and Resorts Atlantic City. The old Ambassador Hotel was purchased by Ramada in 1978 and was gutted to become the Tropicana Casino and Resort Atlantic City, only reusing the steelwork of the original building.[58] Smaller hotels off the boardwalk, such as the Madison also survived.

Legalized gambling[edit]

In an effort at revitalizing the city, New Jersey voters in 1976 passed a referendum, approving casino gambling for Atlantic City; this came after a 1974 referendum on legalized gambling failed to pass. Immediately after the legislation passed, the owners of the Chalfonte-Haddon Hall Hotel began converting it into the Resorts International. It was the first legal casino in the eastern United States when it opened on May 26, 1978.[59]

Other casinos were soon constructed along the Boardwalk and, later, in the marina district for a total of nine today.[when?] The introduction of gambling did not, however, quickly eliminate many of the urban problems that plagued Atlantic City. Many people have suggested that it only served to exacerbate those problems, as attested to by the stark contrast between tourism intensive areas and the adjacent impoverished working-class neighborhoods.[60]

While Atlantic City has been less popular than Las Vegas as a gambling city in the United States,[61] Donald Trump helped bring big name boxing bouts to the city to attract customers to his casinos. Mike Tyson fought most of his fights in Atlantic City in the 1980s, which helped Atlantic City achieve national attention as a gambling resort and vacation destination.[62]

Several highrise condominiums were built for use as permanent residences or second homes.[63] By end of the decade, it was one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States.[64]

21st century[edit]

Legalized sports betting[edit]

Borgata, Atlantic City's highest-grossing casino

On June 27, 2017, the United States Supreme Court agreed to hear Christie v. National Collegiate Athletic Association and heard oral arguments in December 2017. Then, on May 14, 2018, the Supreme Court ruled that the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was unconstitutional. The act was overturned, allowing New Jersey to move ahead with plans to implement legalized sports betting.

Despite being the state to initiate the landmark ruling, New Jersey was actually the third state to legalize sports betting after Nevada and Delaware. In June 2018, New Jersey governor Phil Murphy signed the legislation into law, and several New Jersey-based casino brands subsequently opened sportsbooks, especially in Atlantic City.

With the redevelopment of the Las Vegas Strip and the opening of Foxwoods Resort Casino and Mohegan Sun in Connecticut in the early 1990s, along with newly built casinos in the nearby Philadelphia metro area in the 2000s, Atlantic City's tourism began to decline due to its failure to diversify away from gambling. In 1999 the Atlantic City Redevelopment Authority partnered with Las Vegas casino mogul Steve Wynn to develop a new roadway to a barren section of the city near the Marina. Nicknamed "The Tunnel Project", Steve Wynn planned the proposed 'Mirage Atlantic City' around the idea that he would connect the $330 million tunnel stretching 2.5 mi (4.0 km) from the Atlantic City Expressway to his new resort. The roadway was later officially named the Atlantic City-Brigantine Connector, and funnels incoming traffic off of the expressway into the city's marina district and the city of Brigantine.[65]

Although Wynn's plans for development in the city were scrapped in 2002, the tunnel opened in 2001. The new roadway prompted Boyd Gaming in partnership with MGM/Mirage to build Atlantic City's newest casino. Borgata opened in July 2003, and its success brought an influx of developers to Atlantic City with plans for building grand, Las Vegas-style mega casinos to revitalize the aging city.[66]

Owing to economic conditions and the late 2000s recession, many of the proposed mega casinos never advanced further than the initial planning stage. One of these developers was Pinnacle Entertainment, which purchased the Sands Atlantic City for $250–$270 million and closed it on November 11, 2006 with plans to replace it with a larger casino.[67][68] The following year, the resort was demolished in an implosion, the first of its kind in Atlantic City. While Pinnacle Entertainment intended to replace it with a $1.5-$2-billion casino resort, the company canceled its construction plans and sold the land for $29.5 million.[68] MGM Resorts International announced in October 2007 that it would pull out of all development for Atlantic City, effectively ending its plans for the MGM Grand Atlantic City.[69][70]

In 2006, Morgan Stanley purchased 20 acres (8.1 ha) directly north of the Showboat Atlantic City for a new $2-billion-plus casino resort.[71] Revel Entertainment Group was named as the project's developer for the Revel Casino. Revel was hindered with many problems, the biggest setback occurring in April 2010 when Morgan Stanley, the owner of 90% of Revel Entertainment Group, decided to discontinue funding for continued construction and put its stake in Revel up for sale. Early in 2010, the New Jersey state legislature passed a bill offering tax incentives to attract new investors and complete the job, but a poll by Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind released in March 2010 showed that 60% of voters opposed the legislation, and two of three of those who opposed it "strongly" opposed it.[72][73] Ultimately, Governor Chris Christie offered Revel $261 million in state tax credits to assist the casino once it opened.[74]

Revel completed all of the exterior work and had continued work on the interior after finally receiving the funding necessary to complete construction, and had a soft opening in April 2012 before being fully open the next month. Ten months later, in February 2013, after serious losses and a write-down in the value of the resort from $2.4 billion to $450 million, Revel filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. It was restructured but still could not carry on and re-entered bankruptcy on June 19, 2014. It was put up for sale, however as no suitable bids were received the resort closed its doors in September 2014. The property was bought by AC Ocean Walk, LLC for $200 million in 2017, and reopened in 2018 as Ocean Casino Resort.[75][76]

In the wake of the closures and declining revenue from casinos, Governor Christie said in September 2014 that the state would consider a 2015 referendum to end the 40-year-old monopoly that Atlantic City holds on casino gambling and allowing gambling in other municipalities. With casino revenue declining from $5.2 billion in 2006 to $2.9 billion in 2013, the state saw a drop in money from its 8% tax on those earnings, which is used to fund programs for senior citizens and the disabled.[77]

On October 29, 2012, "Superstorm Sandy" struck Atlantic City and caused flooding and power-outages but left minimal damage to any of the tourist areas.[78] The storm produced an all-time record low barometric pressure reading of 943 mb (27.85") for not only Atlantic City, but the state of New Jersey.[79]

In 2019, the Atlantic City area had the highest rates of foreclosures in the nation.[80] This has disproportionately affected Black residents in neighborhoods segregated by redlining, a legacy that is mirrored by the values of properties on the Monopoly game board.[81][82]

After several casino closures and the COVID-19 pandemic, strikes and pickets were being threatened in June 2022 by casino employees which were short-staffed and wanted pay raises.[83]

Food desert[edit]

Atlantic City is widely known as a food desert, with the nearest fully-functioning supermarket being located in neighboring Ventnor City, which is 3 miles (4.8 km) away from the majority of Atlantic City's population. As a result, proposals for a supermarket were floated beginning in May 2021, and Atlantic City's City Council gave permission to the Casino Reinvestment Development Authority to look for a contender to build a supermarket.

As of December 2023, there was only one functioning supermarket in Atlantic City, the Save-A-Lot food store located in Renaissance Plaza, an area of the city known for its significant homeless population and drug use. The Casino Reinvestment Development Authority has proposed a new supermarket that would be located on an empty parking lot behind the Tanger Outlets and near the Atlantic City Expressway.

Groundbreaking for a ShopRite supermarket had taken place in October 2021, after Village Super Market received $18.7 million from the Casino Reinvestment Development Authority to construct the store. The supermarket was expected to be completed by December 2022, although no construction or building had happened on the site, which drew attention from residents. After the time for the contract expired, the Casino Reinvestment Development Authority announced that the deal with Village Super Market was dead and that they were looking for new contenders.[84]

In July 2023, two candidates to build a supermarket emerged, a Chinese conglomerate headquartered in Hong Kong, and Village Super Market, which created a new plan for the Casino Reinvestment Development Authority and City Council for further review. By November 2023, no further progress had been made on the plan and the two proposals were still "being reviewed."[85]


Beach in Atlantic City

According to the United States Census Bureau, Atlantic City had a total area of 17.21 square miles (44.59 km2), including 10.76 square miles (27.87 km2) of land and 6.45 square miles (16.72 km2) of water (37.50%).[4][5]

The city is located on 8.1 mi-long (13.0 km) Absecon Island, along with Ventnor City, Margate City and Longport to the southwest.[86]

Atlantic City borders the Atlantic County municipalities of Absecon, Brigantine, Egg Harbor Township, Galloway Township, Pleasantville, and Ventnor City.[87][88][89]

The city is located 60 mi (97 km) southeast of Philadelphia and 125 mi (201 km) south of New York City.

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Chelsea, City Island, Great Island and Venice Park.[90]


Climate chart for Atlantic City

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Atlantic City has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with warm, moderately humid summers, cool winters and year-around precipitation. Cfa climates are characterized by all months having an average mean temperature above 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature at or above 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature at or above 72.0 °F (22.2 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. During the summer months in Atlantic City, a cooling afternoon sea breeze is present on most days, but episodes of extreme heat and humidity can occur with heat index values at or above 95.0 °F (35.0 °C). During the winter months, episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values below 0.0 °F (−17.8 °C). The plant hardiness zone at Atlantic City Beach is 7b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of 11.0 °F (−11.7 °C).[91] The average seasonal (November–April) snowfall total is 12 to 18 in (300 to 460 mm), and the average snowiest month is February which corresponds with the annual peak in nor'easter activity.

Climate data for Atlantic City International Airport, 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1874–present[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 78
Mean maximum °F (°C) 63.5
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 43.2
Daily mean °F (°C) 34.1
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 25.1
Mean minimum °F (°C) 6.5
Record low °F (°C) −10
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.38
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.7
Average extreme snow depth inches (cm) 3.6
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 10.4 10.9 11.4 10.5 9.9 9.9 9.2 8.5 8.9 8.9 10.8 120.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 3.0 3.2 1.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 8.9
Average relative humidity (%) 69.5 69.0 66.9 66.4 70.7 72.9 73.9 75.7 76.4 74.8 72.8 70.6 71.6
Average dew point °F (°C) 21.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 150.8 157.9 204.5 218.9 243.9 266.2 276.3 271.3 227.6 200.5 147.4 133.8 2,499.1
Percent possible sunshine 50 53 55 55 55 60 61 64 61 58 49 46 56
Average ultraviolet index 1.6 2.6 4.2 6.0 7.5 8.5 8.6 7.7 6.0 3.8 2.1 1.5 5.0
Source 1: NOAA (relative humidity, dew point and sun 1961–1990)[93][94][95]
Source 2: UV Index Today (1995 to 2022)[96]
Climate data for Atlantic City Marina, 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1873–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 72
Mean maximum °F (°C) 60.0
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 41.6
Daily mean °F (°C) 35.8
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 29.9
Mean minimum °F (°C) 12.7
Record low °F (°C) −4
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.09
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.9 9.5 10.9 10.6 10.6 9.3 9.0 7.9 8.1 8.6 8.8 10.9 114.1
Source: NOAA[97][98]
Climate data for Atlantic City, NJ Ocean Water Temperature, 1911–present normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °F (°C) 39.7
Source: NCEI[99]

See or edit raw graph data.


According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Atlantic City would have a dominant vegetation type of Northern Cordgrass (73) with a dominant vegetation form of Coastal Prairie (20).[100]


Historical population
2023 (est.)38,464[16][18]−0.1%
Population sources:
1860–2000[101] 1860–1920[102]
1870[103][104] 1880–1890[105]
1890–1910[106] 1860–1930[107]
1940–2000[108] 2000[109][110]
2010[28][111] 2020[16][17]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 United States census counted 39,558 people, 15,504 households, and 8,558 families in the city. The population density was 3,680.8 per square mile (1,421.2/km2). There were 20,013 housing units at an average density of 1,862.2 per square mile (719.0/km2). The racial makeup was 26.65% (10,543) White, 38.29% (15,148) Black or African American, 0.61% (242) Native American, 15.55% (6,153) Asian, 0.05% (18) Pacific Islander, 14.03% (5,549) from other races, and 4.82% (1,905) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.45% (12,044) of the population.[28]

Of the 15,504 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18; 25.9% were married couples living together; 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present and 44.8% were non-families. Of all households, 37.5% were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.34.[28]

People under the age of 18 account for 24.6%, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 96.2 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.4 males.[28]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $30,237 (with a margin of error of +/− $2,354) and the median family income was $35,488 (+/− $2,607). Males had a median income of $32,207 (+/− $1,641) versus $29,298 (+/− $1,380) for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,069 (+/− $2,532). About 23.1% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.6% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.[112]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States census,[23] there were 40,517 people, 15,848 households, and 8,700 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,569.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,378.3/km2). There were 20,219 housing units at an average density of 1,781.4 per square mile (687.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 44.16% black or African American, 26.68% White, 0.48% Native American, 10.40% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 13.76% other races, and 4.47% from two or more races. 24.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.44% of the population was non-Hispanic whites.[109][110]

There were 15,848 households, out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 24.8% were married couples living together, 23.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 37.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.26.[109][110]

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.[109][110]

The median income for a household in the city was $26,969, and the median income for a family was $31,997. Males had a median income of $25,471 versus $23,863 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,402. About 19.1% of families and 23.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 18.9% of those age 65 or over.[109][110]


In September 2014, the greater Atlantic City area had one of the highest unemployment rates in the country at 13.8%, out of a labor force of around 141,000.[113]

Tourism district[edit]

Atlantic City boardwalk at Michigan Avenue

In July 2010, Governor Chris Christie announced that a state takeover of the city and local government "was imminent". Comparing regulations in Atlantic City to an "antique car", Atlantic City regulatory reform was a key piece of Governor Chris Christie's plan to reinvigorate an industry mired in a four-year slump in revenue and hammered by fresh competition from casinos in the surrounding states of Delaware, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, and more recently, Maryland. In January 2011, Chris Christie announced the creation of the Atlantic City Tourism District, a state-run district encompassing the boardwalk casinos, the marina casinos, the Atlantic City Outlets, and Bader Field.[114][115] Fairleigh Dickinson University's PublicMind poll surveyed New Jersey voters' attitudes on the takeover. A February 2011 survey showed that 43% opposed the measure while 29% favored direct state oversight.[116] The poll also found that even South Jersey voters expressed opposition to the plan; 40% reported they opposed the measure and 37% reported they were in favor of it.[116]

On April 29, 2011, the boundaries for the state-run tourism district were set. The district would include heavier police presence, as well as beautification projects and infrastructure improvements. The CRDA would oversee all functions of the district and make changes to attract new businesses and attractions. New construction has already resulted in cases of eminent domain being used to seize properties for development.[117][118]

The tourism district would comprise several key areas in the city: the Marina District, Ducktown, Chelsea, South Inlet, Bader Field, and Gardner's Basin. Also included are 10 roadways that lead into the district, including several in the city's northern end, or North Beach. Gardner's Basin, which is home to the Atlantic City Aquarium, was initially left out of the tourism district, while a residential neighborhood in the Chelsea section was removed from the final boundaries, owing to complaints from the city. Also, the inclusion of Bader Field in the district was controversial and received much scrutiny from mayor Lorenzo Langford, who cast the lone "no" vote on the creation of the district citing its inclusion.[119]

Casinos and gambling[edit]

The history of gambling in Atlantic City traces back to Prohibition and the 1920s, with racketeer Louis Kuehnle running an underground hotel and casino. Enoch "Nucky" Johnson followed and furthered Atlantic City's rise through the Roaring Twenties as a destination for drinking, gambling, and nightlife.[120] In 1974, New Jersey voters voted 60%–40% against legalizing casino gambling at four sites statewide, but two years later approved by 56%–44% a new referendum which legalized casinos, but restricted them to Atlantic City.[121][122][123] Resorts Atlantic City was the first casino to open, in May 1978, with a ribbon-cutting ceremony featuring Governor of New Jersey Brendan Byrne.[124] Atlantic City is considered the "Gambling Capital of the East Coast", and currently has nine large casinos. In 2011, New Jersey's then 12 casinos employed approximately 33,000 employees, had 28.5 million visitors, made $3.3 billion in gaming revenue, and paid $278 million in taxes.[125] They are regulated by the New Jersey Casino Control Commission[126] and the New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement.[127]

In the wake of the economic downturn following the Great Recession and the legalization of gambling in adjacent and nearby states (including Delaware, Maryland, New York, and Pennsylvania), four casino closures took place in 2014: the Atlantic Club on January 13; the Showboat on August 31;[128] the Revel, which was Atlantic City's second-newest casino, on September 2;[129] and Trump Plaza, which originally opened in 1984, and was the poorest performing casino in the city, on September 16.[130]

Executives at Trump Entertainment Resorts, whose sole remaining property at the time was the Trump Taj Mahal, said in 2013 that they were considering the option of selling the Taj and winding down and exiting the gaming and hotel business.[131] Trump Taj Mahal closed October 10, 2016, after failing to come to terms with union workers.[132]

Caesars Entertainment executives have been reconsidering the future of their three remaining Atlantic City properties (Bally's, Caesars and Harrah's), in the wake of a Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing by the company's casino operating unit in January 2015.[133] In 2020, Bally's Atlantic City was acquired by Bally's Corporation.[134] Gross gaming revenue of the city's nine operating casinos[135] in 2022 totaled $2.79 billion, a 9% increase from the $2.55 billion earned the previous year.[136]

Current casinos[edit]

Casino Opening date Theme Hotel rooms[137] Section of city Total Gaming Space
Resorts May 26, 1978 Roaring Twenties 942 Uptown 100,000 sq ft
Caesarsa June 26, 1979 Roman Empire 1,141 Midtown 145,000 sq ft
Bally'sa December 29, 1979 Modern 1,214 Midtown 225,756 sq ft
Harrah's November 27, 1980 Marina Waterfront 2,587 Marina 160,000 sq ft
Tropicana November 26, 1981 Old Havana 2,364 Downbeach 125,935 sq ft
Golden Nugget June 19, 1985 Gold Rush Era 717 Marina 74,252 sq ft
Borgata July 2, 2003 Tuscany 2,767 Marina 161,000 sq ft
Hard Rock June 27, 2018 Rock and roll 2,032 Uptown 167,000 sq ft
Ocean June 27, 2018 Ocean 1,900 Uptown 130,000 sq ft
Total 15,602 1,144,943 sq ft
a The Wild Wild West Casino, which opened on July 2, 1997, and has an American Old West theme, was part of Bally's Atlantic City until 2020, when it became part of Caesars.[134]

Renamed casinos[edit]

Casino New Name
ACH Casino Resort Atlantic Club Casino Hotel
Atlantic City Hilton (Original) Trump Castle
Atlantic City Hilton ACH Casino Resort
Bally's Grand The Grand
Bally's Park Place Bally's Atlantic City
Brighton Casino Sands Atlantic City
Del Webb's Claridge Claridge
Golden Nugget (Original) Bally's Grand
Park Place Bally's Park Place
Harrah's at Trump Plaza Trump Plaza
Playboy Hotel & Casino Permanent casino license denied; renamed Atlantis Casino
The Grand The Atlantic City Hilton
Trump's Castle Trump Marina
Trump Marina Golden Nugget
Revel Atlantic City Ocean Casino Resort
Trump Taj Mahal Hard Rock Atlantic City

Closed casinos[edit]

Casino Opening Date Closing Date Status of Property
Trump Taj Mahal April 2, 1990 October 10, 2016 The casino shut down having failed to reach a deal with its union workers to restore health care and pension benefits that were taken away from them in bankruptcy court. Nearly 3,000 workers lost their jobs. Reopened in 2018 as the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Atlantic City.
Trump Plaza May 14, 1984 September 16, 2014 On February 15, 2013, Trump Entertainment Resorts announced that it intended to sell Trump Plaza to the Meruelo Group for $20 million, the lowest price ever paid for an Atlantic City casino.[138] Carl Icahn, senior lender for Trump Plaza's mortgage, declined to approve the sale for the proposed price.[139] The casino was later demolished on February 17, 2021.[140]
Revel April 2, 2012 September 2, 2014 Brookfield Asset Management's winning bid of $110 million on September 30, 2014, for Atlantic City's Revel Casino Hotel, and the company's intention to operate it as a casino, generated some excitement, but the company backed out of this deal on November 19, 2014.[141] In January 2018, it was announced that the property had been sold for $200 million.[142] It reopened as the Ocean Resort Casino in June 2018.
Showboat April 2, 1987 August 31, 2014 On December 13, 2014, Stockton University purchased the property for $18 million with the intent of turning it into an Atlantic City campus. However, a preexisting covenant required the property to operate as a casino. Stockton entered an agreement providing Glenn Straub with an option to purchase the property, which was not exercised.[143] Stockton subsequently sold the property to developer Bart Blatstein in January 2016 for $23 million.[144] The building was reopened in July 2016 as a non-casino hotel.
Atlantic Club December 12, 1980 January 13, 2014 Building and contents sold to Caesars Entertainment Corporation. Slots and tables sold to Tropicana Casino & Resort Atlantic City.
Trump Marina June 19, 1985 May 23, 2011 Building sold to Landry's, Inc. in February 2011, sale approved in May and Landry's took control on May 23 of that year and renamed it the Golden Nugget Atlantic City.
Sands August 31, 1980 November 11, 2006 Building demolished in 2007. The site is now an empty lot after a proposal estimated at up to $2 billion by Pinnacle Entertainment for a casino on the site did not move forward.[145]
Claridge July 20, 1981 December 30, 2002 Now operating as an independent non-casino hotel.
Trump World's Fair May 15, 1996 October 3, 1999 Building was demolished and replaced by new strip stores.[146]
Atlantis Casino April 14, 1981 July 4, 1989 Originally opened by Playboy Enterprises, which was found unsuitable for licensure, Playboy casino closed and then reopened by Elsinor Corporation as the Atlantis. In 1989 the Casino Control Commission revoked Atlantis' license and property sold to become Trump World's Fair an extension of the Trump Plaza.

Cancelled casinos[edit]

Casino Status of Property
Camelot Cancelled; currently an empty lot
Dunes Atlantic City Never completed; now an empty lot
Hilton (Original) Casino license denied; current site of Golden Nugget Atlantic City
Le Jardin Cancelled; currently Borgata
Margaritaville Marina Casino Cancelled; current site of Golden Nugget Atlantic City
Mirage Atlantic City Cancelled; currently Borgata
MGM Grand Atlantic City Cancelled; currently an empty lot
Penthouse Casino Never built; currently an empty lot
Resorts Taj Mahal Cancelled; current site of Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Atlantic City
Sahara Atlantic City Cancelled; now a parking lot


Boardwalk in Atlantic City

The Atlantic City Boardwalk opened on June 26, 1870,[147] a temporary structure erected for the summer season that was the first boardwalk in the world.[148][149][150] At 5+12 miles (8.9 km) long, the Atlantic City Boardwalk is also the world's longest and busiest boardwalk.[151]

The Boardwalk starts at Absecon Inlet in the north and runs along the beach south-west to the city limit 4 mi (6.4 km) away then continues 1+12 mi (2.4 km) into Ventnor City. Casino/hotels front the boardwalk, as well as retail stores, restaurants, and amusements. Notable attractions include the Boardwalk Hall, House of Blues, and the Ripley's Believe It or Not! museum.

In October 2012, Hurricane Sandy destroyed the northern part of the boardwalk fronting Absecon Inlet, in the residential section called South Inlet. The oceanfront boardwalk in front of the Atlantic City casinos survived the storm with minimal damage.[152][153]

The first pier along the boardwalk, Applegate's Pier, opened in 1884.[154] It was acquired by John L. Young in 1891, who expanded and operated it as Young's Ocean Pier, but it was mostly destroyed in a 1912 fire. The remaining part of the pier was rebuilt in 1922 as the Central Pier, which is still in operation.[155]

A Heinz-owned pier named Heinz Pier was destroyed in the 1944 Great Atlantic Hurricane.[156]

The most famous Atlantic City pier was Steel Pier, which opened in 1898, and which once billed itself as "The Showplace of the Nation". It closed in 1978, and was mostly destroyed in a 1982 fire. It was rebuilt in the late 1980s and is now operated as an amusement pier across from the Hard Rock.

Steeplechase Pier opened in 1899 and operated until 1986. It suffered significant damage in a 1988 fire, and the remnants of the pier were removed in 1996. The "Steeplechase Pier Heliport" on Steel Pier is named in its honor.[157]

Captain John L. Young opened "Young's Million Dollar Pier" in 1906, and on the seaward side "erected a marble mansion", fronted by a formal garden, with lighting and landscaping designed by Young's longtime friend Thomas Alva Edison. Million Dollar Pier once rivaled Steel Pier as Atlantic City's leading pier,[37] but after suffering decades of decline, was rebuilt into a shopping mall in the 1980s, known as "Shops on Ocean One". In 2006, the Ocean One mall was bought, renovated and re-branded as "The Pier Shops at Caesars" and in 2015, it was renamed "Playground Pier". In September 2023, it was renamed "ACX1 Studios" for the film and entertainment production studios that took over the building, with a planned grand reopening containing a mixture of retail, restaurants, creative space, and production studios in summer of 2024.

Garden Pier, located opposite Ocean Casino Resort, once housed a movie theater, and is now home to the Atlantic City Historical Museum.[158][159]

Panoramic view of Playground Pier


The Quarter at Tropicana

Atlantic City has many different shopping districts and malls, many of which are located inside or adjacent to the casino resorts. Several smaller themed retail and dining areas in casino hotels include the Borgata Shops and The Shoppes at Water Club inside Borgata, the Waterfront Shops inside of Harrah's, Spice Road inside the Trump Taj Mahal, while Resorts Casino Hotel has a small collection of stores and restaurants. Major shopping malls are also located in and around Atlantic City.

Atlantic City shops include:

  • Playground Pier, an underwater-themed indoor high end shopping center located on the Million Dollar Pier formerly known as "Shops on Ocean One". The four-story shopping mall contains themed floors.
  • Tanger Outlets The Walk, an outdoor outlet shopping center spanning several blocks. The only outlet mall in Atlantic County, The Walk opened in 2003 and is undergoing an expansion.
  • The Quarter at Tropicana, an old Havana-themed indoor shopping center at the Tropicana, which contains over 40 stores, restaurants, and nightclubs.


Atlantic City Convention Center

Boardwalk Hall, formally known as the "Historic Atlantic City Convention Hall", is an arena in Atlantic City along the boardwalk. Boardwalk Hall was Atlantic City's primary convention center until the opening of the Atlantic City Convention Center in 1997. The Atlantic City Convention Center includes 500,000 sq ft (46,000 m2) of showroom space, 5 exhibit halls, 45 meeting rooms with 109,000 sq ft (10,100 m2) of space, a garage with 1,400 parking spaces, and an adjacent Sheraton hotel. Both the Boardwalk Hall and Convention Center are operated by the Atlantic City Convention & Visitors Authority.

Arts and culture[edit]

1930s Atlantic City by Edward Mason Eggleston


Atlantic City (sometimes referred to as "Monopoly City"[1]) has become well-known over the years for its portrayal in the U.S. version of the popular board game Monopoly, in which properties on the board are named after locations in and near Atlantic City. While the original incarnation of the game did not feature Atlantic City, it was in Indianapolis that Ruth Hoskins learned the game, and took it back to Atlantic City.[160] After she arrived, Hoskins made a new board with Atlantic City street names, and taught it to a group of friends, who ultimately passed in on to Charles Darrow, who made some modifications to the game and claimed it as his own invention.[161] The relative prices of the places on the board reflect to some extent the social status of neighborhoods at the time, with wealthy white streets being worth more, and streets where Black and Asian residents lived being cheaper.[162]

Marvin Gardens, the leading yellow property on the board, is actually a misspelling of the original location name, "Marven Gardens". The misspelling was said to have been introduced by Charles Todd and passed on when his home-made Monopoly board was copied by Charles Darrow and thence Parker Brothers. It was not until 1995 that Parker Brothers acknowledged this mistake and formally apologized to the residents of Marven Gardens for the misspelling, although the spelling error was not corrected.[163]

Some of the actual locations that correspond to board elements have changed since the game's release. Illinois Avenue was renamed Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard in the 1980s. St. Charles Place no longer exists, as the Showboat Casino Hotel was developed where it once ran.[164]

The "Short Line" is believed to refer to the Shore Fast Line, a streetcar line that served Atlantic City,[165] or a bus route.[166] The B&O Railroad did not serve Atlantic City. A booklet included with the reprinted 1935 edition states that the four railroads that served Atlantic City in the mid-1930s were the Jersey Central, the Seashore Lines, the Reading Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Railroad.[citation needed]

The actual "Electric Company" and "Water Works" serving the city are the Atlantic City Electric Company and the Atlantic City Municipal Utilities Authority, respectively.[166]


Ever since Atlantic City's growth as a resort town, numerous attractions and tourist traps have originated in the city. A popular fixture in the early 20th century at the Steel Pier was horse diving, which was introduced by William "Doc" Carver.[167] The Steel Pier featured several other novelty attractions, including the Diving Bell, human high-divers and a water circus.[168][169] Advertisements for the Steel Pier in its heyday featured plaster sculptures set upon wooden bases along roads leading up to Atlantic City.[170] By the end of World War II, many animal demonstrations declined in popularity after criticisms of animal abuse and neglect.

Rolling chair on the boardwalk in winter 2012

Rolling chairs, which were introduced in 1876 and in continuous use since 1887, have been a boardwalk fixture to this day. While powered carts appeared in the 1960s, the original and most common were made of wicker. The wicker canopied chairs-on-wheels are manually pushed the length of the boardwalk by attendants, much like a rickshaw.[171] A tram service was introduced in 2015, initially using the warning announcements that had been used on Wildwood's tram cars until it was changed after complaints from Wildwood.[172]

The Absecon Lighthouse is a coastal lighthouse located in the South Inlet section of Atlantic City overlooking Absecon Inlet.[173] It is the tallest lighthouse in the state of New Jersey and is the third tallest masonry lighthouse in the United States. Construction began in 1854, with the light first lit on January 15, 1857.[34] The lighthouse was deactivated in 1933 and although the light still shines every night, it is no longer an active navigational aid.[174] Gardner's Basin, which is home to the Atlantic City Aquarium as well as small shops and restaurants, is located a short distance north of Absecon Light.[175]

Lucy the Elephant in nearby Margate City

While located 2 mi (3.2 km) south of Atlantic City in Margate City, Lucy the Elephant has become almost an icon for the Atlantic City area. Lucy is a six-story elephant-shaped example of novelty architecture, constructed of wood and tin sheeting in 1882 by James V. Lafferty in an effort to sell real estate and attract tourism. Over the years, Lucy had served as a restaurant, business office, cottage, and tavern (the last closed by Prohibition). Lucy had fallen into disrepair by the 1960s and was scheduled for demolition. The structure was moved and refurbished as a result of a "Save Lucy" campaign in 1970 and received designation as a National Historic Landmark in 1976, and is open as a museum.[176]

Miss America pageant[edit]

Atlantic City was the home of the Miss America competition, hosting the event from its inception until 2004, and again from 2013 to 2018. The Miss America competition originated on September 7, 1921, as a two-day beauty contest, and it included state contestants as well as women from various cities around the country. The event that year was called the "Atlantic City Pageant", and the winner of the grand prize, Margaret Gorman, took home the 3-foot Golden Mermaid trophy. Gorman was not called "Miss America" until 1922, when she re-entered the pageant and lost to Mary Campbell.[177] The pageant was initiated to extend the tourist season after the Labor Day weekend.[51] The pageant has been nationally televised since 1954. It peaked in the early 1960s, when it was repeatedly the highest-rated program on American television. It was seen as a symbol of the United States, with Miss America often being referred to as the female equivalent of the President. The pageant's longtime emcee, Bert Parks, hosted the event from 1955 to 1979. At the Atlantic City Convention Center, there is a 400 lb (180 kg) interactive statue of Parks holding a crown. When a visitor puts their head inside the crown, sensors activate a recorded playback of his "There She Is..." line through speakers hidden behind nearby bushes.[178]

Boardwalk Empire[edit]

Atlantic City boardwalk at Brighton Avenue

The television show Boardwalk Empire, an American series from cable network HBO set in Atlantic City during the Prohibition era, raised interest in the Roaring Twenties-era city. Starring Steve Buscemi, the show was adapted from a chapter about historical criminal kingpin Enoch "Nucky" Johnson (who is renamed "Enoch Thompson" in the show) in Nelson Johnson's book, Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City.[179][180][181][182][183][184][185]

Festivals and other recurring arts events[edit]

1930s Atlantic City promotional art by Edward Mason Eggleston.

Religious events[edit]

  • A Ratha Yatra is held by the ISKCON of Central Jersey in collaboration with the local Hindu community, with thousands of attendees every year.
  • Faith and Law Enforcement March, held by the Atlantic City Police Department with various churches, temples and other religious institutions in the area.

The Orange Loop[edit]

St. Nicholas of Tolentine Church on the Orange Loop.

The Orange Loop is a neighborhood near the beach in Atlantic City with a focus on live music establishments like Anchor Rock Club and Tennessee Beer Hall.[195] It runs perpendicular from the boardwalk inland roughly to St. Nicholas of Tolentine Church.[196][197] It is bounded by Tennessee Avenue, St. James Place, Pacific Avenue and the boardwalk, and derives its name from the orange color of those streets on a traditional Monopoly gameboard.[198][199][200] The Orange Loop Amphitheater hosted the Frantic City indie rock music festival on the loop in 2022.[201]


Club Sport League Venue Year(s)
Atlantic City Blackjacks Arena football AFL Boardwalk Hall 2019[202][203]
Atlantic City FC Soccer NPSL Silver Eagle Stadium 2018–present[204]
Atlantic City Diablos Soccer NPSL St. Augustine College Preparatory School 2007–2008[205]
Atlantic City Boardwalk Bullies Ice hockey ECHL Boardwalk Hall 2001–2005[206]
Atlantic City CardSharks Indoor football NIFL Boardwalk Hall 2004[207]
Atlantic City Surf Baseball Can-Am League Bernie Robbins Stadium 1998–2008[208]
Atlantic City Seagulls Basketball USBL Atlantic City High School 1996–2001[207]

The Atlantic City Race Course in Hamilton Township was a horse racing track that operated from 1946 to 2015.

The ShopRite LPGA Classic is an LPGA Tour women's golf tournament held near Atlantic City since it started in 1986.[209]

Professional boxing[edit]

Since February 2, 1887, the city of Atlantic City has seen 2,538 (as of September 2018) professional boxing fight programs,[210] the first one being one with a main event fight between Willie Clark, 3-0-3, and debuting Horace Leeds, won by Clark on points over four rounds.[211] During the 1980s, professional boxing activity boomed in Atlantic City, at times rivaling Las Vegas, Nevada, in staging major boxing fights. Fighters who fought in Atlantic City at that era include Marvelous Marvin Hagler, Thomas Hearns, Wilfredo Gómez, Jeff Chandler, Larry Holmes, George Foreman, Mike Tyson and others. Fights included The Brawl For it All, Tyson versus Holmes, Tyson versus Michael Spinks, and Roberto Durán versus Iran Barkley. Many boxing matches were held at Donald Trump's Trump Plaza, promoted either by Bob Arum or Don King.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Atlantic City is one of five municipalities in the state—and the only one outside of Cape May County—that offer free public access to oceanfront beaches monitored by lifeguards, joining Wildwood, North Wildwood, Wildwood Crest and Upper Township's Strathmere section.[212]


Local government[edit]

Electoral map of Atlantic City
Atlantic City
Crime rates* (2019)
Violent crimes
Homicide11 (0.03 per 1,000 [c])
Rape29 (0.08)
Robbery182 (0.47)
Aggravated assault101 (0.26)
Total violent crime323 (0.84)
Property crimes
Burglary130 (0.34)
Larceny-theft1,519 (3.95)
Motor vehicle theft89 (0.23)
Arson2 (0.01)
Total property crime1,738 (4.51)

[c] based on 2022 census data

Source: 2019 FBI "Crime in the U.S." UCR Data

Atlantic City is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government (Plan D), implemented by direct petition effective as of July 1, 1982.[11][213][214] The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 564) statewide governed under this form.[215] The governing body of Atlantic City is comprised of the Mayor and the City Council, all elected on a partisan basis to serve four-year terms of office as part of the November general election. The council includes nine members, who are elected on a staggered basis, with one member from each of six wards and three serving at-large. The six ward seats are up for election together and the mayoral seat and the council at-large seats are up for vote together two years later. The City Council exercises the legislative power of the municipality for the purpose of holding Council meetings to introduce ordinances and resolutions to regulate City government. In addition, Council members review budgets submitted by the Mayor; provide for an annual audit of the city's accounts and financial transactions; organize standing committees and hold public hearings to address important issues which impact Atlantic City.[216] Former Mayor Bob Levy created the Atlantic City Ethics Board in 2007, but the Board was dissolved two years later by vote of the Atlantic City Council.

As of 2024, the Mayor is Marty Small Sr., whose term of office ends December 31, 2025.[6] Small succeeded Frank M. Gilliam Jr. following his resignation on October 3, 2019.[217] Small initially served as mayor on an interim basis for an unexpired term ending on December 31, 2021.[218] Members of the City Council are Council President Council President Aaron "Sporty" Randolph (D, 2027; 1st Ward), Council Vice President Kaleem Shabazz (D, 2027; 3rd Ward), George "Animal" Crouch (D, 2027; 4th Ward), LaToya Dunston (D, 2027; Second Ward – elected to serve an unexpired term), Jesse O. Kurtz (Republican Party, 2027; 6th Ward), Stephanie Marshall (D, 2025; At-Large), George Tibbitt (D, 2025; At-Large), Bruce Weekes (D, 2025; At-Large) and Muhammad "Anjum" Zia (D, 2027; 5th Ward).[8][219][220][221][222]

In May 2020, voters rejected by a 3–1 margin a referendum that would have changed the city to a council-manager form of government which would have reduced the size of the city council and shifted responsibility for day-to-day operation from an elected mayor to an appointed city manager.[223]

In December 2019, LaToya Dunston was selected from a list of three candidates nominated by the Democratic municipal committee to serve the remainder of the term of the Second Ward seat that had been held by Marty Small until he stepped down when he was appointed as mayor.[224] In January 2020, Dunston was appointed to fill the Second Ward seat expiring in December 2023 that Small had won in November 2019 but declined to fill; Dunston will serve on an interim basis until the November 2020 general election, when voters will select a candidate to serve the balance of the term of office.[225]

Mayoral disappearance and resignation[edit]

Following questions about false claims he had made about his military record, Mayor Bob Levy left City Hall in September 2007 in a city-owned vehicle for an unknown destination. After a 13-day absence, his lawyer revealed that Levy was in Carrier Clinic, a rehabilitation hospital.[226] Levy resigned in October 2007 and then-Council President William Marsh assumed the office of Mayor[227] and served six weeks until an interim mayor was named.

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Atlantic City is located in the 2nd Congressional district[228] and is part of New Jersey's 2nd state legislative district.[229][230][231]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's 2nd congressional district is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[232] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[233] and Bob Menendez (Englewood Cliffs, term ends 2025).[234][235]

For the 2024-2025 session, the 2nd legislative district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Vincent J. Polistina (R, Egg Harbor Township) and in the General Assembly by Don Guardian (R, Atlantic City) and Claire Swift (R, Margate City).[236]

Atlantic County is governed by a directly elected county executive and a nine-member Board of County Commissioners, responsible for legislation. The executive serves a four-year term and the commissioners are elected to staggered three-year terms, of which four are elected from the county on an at-large basis and five of the commissioners represent equally populated districts.[237][238] As of 2024, Atlantic County's Executive is Dennis Levinson (R, Northfield), whose term of office ends December 31, 2027.[239] Members of the Board of County Commissioners are:

Ernest D. Coursey (D, District 1-- Atlantic City, Egg Harbor Township (part), Longport, Margate City, and Ventnor City; 2025, Atlantic City),[240] Chair Maureen Kern (R, District 2-- Egg Harbor Township (part), Linwood, Northfield, Somers Point and Pleasantville; 2024, Somers Point),[241] Andrew Parker III (R, District 3-- Egg Harbor Township (part) and Hamilton Township (part); 2026, Egg Harbor Township),[242] Richard R. Dase (R, District 4, including Brigantine, Galloway Township, Egg Harbor Township (part), and Port Republic; 2025, Galloway Township),[243] Vice Chair James A. Bertino (R, District 5-- Buena, Buena Vista Township, Corbin City, Egg Harbor City, Estell Manor, Folsom, Hamilton Township (part), Hammonton, Mullica Township and Weymouth Township; 2024, Hammonton),[244] June Byrnes (R, At-Large; 2026, Linwood),[245] Frank X. Balles (R, At-Large; Pleasantville, 2024)[246] Amy L. Gatto (R, At-large; 2025, Hamilton Township)[247] and John W. Risley (R, At-Large; 2026, Egg Harbor Township)[248][237][249]

Atlantic County's constitutional officers are: Clerk Joesph J. Giralo (R, 2026, Hammonton),[250][251] Sheriff Joe O'Donoghue (R, 2026, Egg Harbor Township)[252][253] and Surrogate James Curcio (R, 2025, Hammonton).[254][255][256]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 20,001 registered voters in Atlantic City, of which 12,063 (60.3% vs. 30.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,542 (7.7% vs. 25.2%) were registered as Republicans and 6,392 (32.0% vs. 44.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 4 voters registered to other parties.[257] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 50.6% (vs. 58.8% in Atlantic County) were registered to vote, including 67.0% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 76.6% countywide).[257][258]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 9,948 votes (86.6% vs. 57.9% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 1,548 votes (13.5% vs. 41.1%) and other candidates with 49 votes (0.4% vs. 0.9%), among the 11,489 ballots cast by the city's 21,477 registered voters, for a turnout of 53.5% (vs. 65.8% in Atlantic County).[259][260] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 10,975 votes (82.1% vs. 56.5% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 2,175 votes (16.3% vs. 41.6%) and other candidates with 82 votes (0.6% vs. 1.1%), among the 13,370 ballots cast by the city's 26,030 registered voters, for a turnout of 51.4% (vs. 68.1% in Atlantic County).[261] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 8,487 votes (74.5% vs. 52.0% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 2,687 votes (23.6% vs. 46.2%) and other candidates with 96 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 11,389 ballots cast by the city's 23,310 registered voters, for a turnout of 48.9% (vs. 69.8% in the whole county).[262]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 4,293 ballots cast (52.6% vs. 34.9% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,897 votes (35.5% vs. 60.0%) and other candidates with 63 votes (0.8% vs. 1.3%), among the 8,155 ballots cast by the city's 23,049 registered voters, yielding a 35.4% turnout (vs. 41.5% in the county).[263][264] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 4,988 ballots cast (69.9% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 1,578 votes (22.1% vs. 47.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 157 votes (2.2% vs. 4.8%) and other candidates with 99 votes (1.4% vs. 1.2%), among the 7,141 ballots cast by the city's 22,585 registered voters, yielding a 31.6% turnout (vs. 44.9% in the county).[265]

City and state agencies[edit]

New Jersey Casino Control Commission[edit]

The New Jersey Casino Control Commission is a New Jersey state governmental agency that was founded in 1977 as the state's Gaming Control Board, responsible for administering the Casino Control Act and its regulations to assure public trust and confidence in the credibility and integrity of the casino industry and casino operations in Atlantic City. Casinos operate under licenses granted by the commission. The commission is headquartered in the Arcade Building at Tennessee Avenue and Boardwalk in Atlantic City.[266]

New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement[edit]

The New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement is a division of the New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety and is responsible for certifying casino gaming revenue, registering casino employees and non-gaming vendors, licensing gaming vendors, and handling all casino patron complaints.[127]

Casino Reinvestment Development Authority[edit]

The CRDA was founded in 1984 and is responsible for directing the spending of casino reinvestment funds in public and private projects to benefit Atlantic City and other areas of the state. From 1985 through April 2008, CRDA spent US$1.5 billion on projects in Atlantic City and US$300 million throughout New Jersey.[267]

Atlantic City Convention and Visitors Authority[edit]

The Convention & Visitors Authority (ACCVA) was in charge of advertising and marketing for the city as well as promoting economic growth through convention and leisure tourism development. The ACCVA managed the Boardwalk Hall and Atlantic City Convention Center, as well as the Boardwalk Welcome Center inside Boardwalk Hall and a welcome center on the Atlantic City Expressway. In 2011, the ACCVA was absorbed into the CRDA as part of the state takeover that created the tourism district.[268]

Atlantic City Special Improvement District[edit]

The Atlantic City Special Improvement District (SID) was a nonprofit organization created in 1992, funded by a special assessment tax on businesses within the improvement district. It carried out various activities to improve the city's business community, including street cleaning and promotional efforts. In 2011, the SID was absorbed by the CRDA; the former SID boundaries would be expanded to the include all areas in the newly formed tourism district. Under the new structure, established by state legislation, the CRDA assumed responsibility for the staff, equipment and programs of the SID. The new SID division includes a SID committee made up of CRDA board members and an advisory council consisting of the current trustees and others.[269]

Fire department[edit]

Atlantic City Fire Department (ACFD)
Operational area
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CityAtlantic City
Agency overview
EstablishedApril 4, 1904[270]
Fire chiefScott Evans[271]
EMS levelBLS First Responder
Facilities and equipment
Light and air1

The Atlantic City Fire Department (ACFD) provides fire protection and first responder emergency medical services to the city. The ACFD operates out of six fire stations, located throughout the city in one battalion, under the command of a battalion chief, who in-turn reports to an on-duty Deputy Chief, or Tour Commander each shift.[270][272][273]

Fire station locations[edit]

Police department[edit]

The city is protected by the Atlantic City Police Department, which handles 150,000 calls per year. The Chief of Police is Henry White.[274]


The Atlantic City School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grades.[275] As of the 2020–21 school year, the district, comprised of 11 schools, had an enrollment of 6,553 students and 617.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 10.6:1.[276] Schools in the district (with 2020–21 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[277]) are Venice Park School[278] (36 students in PreK), Brighton Avenue School[279] (315 students; in grades PreK-5), Chelsea Heights School[280] (332; PreK-8), Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. School Complex[281] (543; PreK-8), New York Avenue School[282] (548; PreK-8), Pennsylvania Avenue School[283] (549; PreK-8), Richmond Avenue School[284] (615; PreK-8), Sovereign Avenue School[285] (696; PreK-8), Texas Avenue School[286] (499; K-8), Uptown School Complex[287] (536; PreK-8) and Atlantic City High School[288] (1,771; 9–12).[289][290][291] Pennsylvania Avenue School opened for the 2012–13 school year, with most students shifting from New Jersey Avenue School, which had been one of the district's oldest and most rundown schools.[292]

Students from Brigantine, Longport, Margate City and Ventnor City attend Atlantic City High School as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective school districts.[293][294]

City public school students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township[295] or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts, located in Somers Point.[296]

Oceanside Charter School, which offered pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade, was founded in 1999 and closed in June 2013 when its charter was not renewed by the New Jersey Department of Education.[297]

Founded in 1908, Our Lady Star of the Sea Regional School is a Catholic elementary school, operates under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Camden.[298][299]

Nearby college campuses include those of Atlantic Cape Community College and Stockton University, the latter of which offers classes and resources in the city such as the Carnegie Library Center, which was turned back to the control of the city in April 2022.[300]

Media outlets[edit]

Newspapers and magazines[edit]

Former publications:

Radio stations[edit]

  • WEHA 88.7 FM – Gospel
  • WAYV 95.1 FM – Top 40
  • WTTH 96.1 FM – Urban AC
  • WFPG 96.9 FM – AC (Lite Rock 96.9)
  • WENJ 97.3 FM – Sports
  • WTKU 98.3 FM – Classic hits (Kool 98.3)
  • WZBZ 99.3 FM – Rhythmic (The Buzz)
  • WZXL 100.7 FM – Rock (The Rock Station)
  • WLRB 102.7 FM – Contemporary Christian (K-Love)
  • WMGM 103.7 FM – Active rock (WMGM Rocks)
  • WSJO 104.9 FM – Top 40 (SoJo 104.9)
  • WPUR 107.3 FM – Country (Cat Country 107.3)
  • WWJZ 640 AM – Religious
  • WMID 1340 AM – Oldies
  • WOND 1400 AM – News/Talk
  • WPGG 1450 AM – Talk
  • WBSS 1490 AM – Sports betting talk

Television stations[edit]

Atlantic City is part of the Philadelphia television market. There are six stations licensed in the area.



Eastern terminus of the Atlantic City Expressway in Atlantic City

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 103.67 mi (166.84 km) of roadways, of which 88.26 mi (142.04 km) were maintained by the municipality, 1.29 mi (2.08 km) by Atlantic County, 5.32 mi (8.56 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 8.80 mi (14.16 km) by the South Jersey Transportation Authority.[301]

The three roadways that enter Atlantic City are: Black Horse Pike/Harding Highway (US 322/40 via the Albany Avenue drawbridge), White Horse Pike (US 30), and the Atlantic City Expressway through the Brigantine Connector. Atlantic City is roughly 132 mi (212 km) south of New York City via the Garden State Parkway and 55 mi (89 km) southeast of Philadelphia.[302]

Public transportation[edit]

Atlantic City Rail Terminal
ACJA "Jitney" No. 29 on a casino shuttle run
NJ Transit #2514 on the 505

Atlantic City is connected to other cities in several ways. NJ Transit's Atlantic City Rail Terminal[303] at the Atlantic City Convention Center provides service from 30th Street Station in Philadelphia through several smaller South Jersey communities via the Atlantic City Line.[304]

On June 20, 2006, the board of NJ Transit approved a three-year trial of express train service between New York Penn Station and the Atlantic City Rail Terminal. The line, known as ACES (Atlantic City Express Service), ran from February 2009 to March 2012. The approximate travel time was 2+12 hours, with a stop at Newark's Penn Station, and was part of the casinos' multimillion-dollar investments in Atlantic City. Most of the funding for the transit line was provided by Harrah's Entertainment (owners of both Harrah's Atlantic City and Caesars Atlantic City) and the Borgata.[305]

The Atlantic City Bus Terminal is the home to local, intrastate and interstate bus companies including NJ Transit, OurBus[306] and Greyhound bus lines. The Greyhound Lucky Streak Express offers service to Atlantic City from New York City, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C.[307] In addition to stopping at the Atlantic City Bus Terminal, Greyhound buses stop at various casinos in Atlantic City. Martz Trailways provides bus service to various casinos in Atlantic City from Wilkes-Barre, Scranton, and White Haven in Pennsylvania.[308] Klein Transportation provides bus service to various casinos in Atlantic City from Shillington, Douglassville, Royersford, and Audubon in Pennsylvania.[309]

Within the city, public transportation is provided by NJ Transit along 13 routes, including service between the city and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 319 route, and service to and from Atlantic City on routes 501 (to Brigantine Beach), 502 (to Atlantic Cape Community College), 504 (to Ventnor Plaza), 505 (to Longport), 507 (to Ocean City), 508 (to the Hamilton Mall), 509 (to Ocean City), 551 (to Philadelphia), 552 (to Cape May), 553 (to Upper Deerfield Township), 554 (to the Lindenwold PATCO station) and 559 (to Lakewood Township).[310][311]

The Atlantic City Jitney Association (ACJA) offers service on four fixed-route lines and on shuttles to and from the rail terminal.[312]

Airline service[edit]

Commercial airlines serve Atlantic City via Atlantic City International Airport, located 9 mi (14 km) northwest of the city in Egg Harbor Township. Many travelers also fly into Philadelphia International Airport, Trenton-Mercer Airport, or Newark Liberty International Airport, where there are wider selections of carriers from which to choose. The historic downtown Bader Field airport is now permanently closed and plans are in the works to redevelop the land.

Atlantic City International Airport is a focus city for Spirit Airlines. The airport is also served by various scheduled chartered flight companies.


AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center, Mainland Campus in Galloway Township
Jersey-Atlantic Wind Farm is the first coastal wind farm in the United States.[313]

The AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center is a health system based in Atlantic City. Founded in 1898, it includes two hospitals; the Atlantic City Campus and the Mainland Campus in Pomona, New Jersey. It has Atlantic City's only cancer institute, heart institute, and neonatal intensive care unit.[314]


South Jersey Industries provides natural gas to the city under the South Jersey Gas division. Marina Energy and its subsidiary, Energenic, a joint business venture with a long-time business partner, operate two thermal power stations in the city. The Marina Thermal Plant serves the Borgata while a second plant serves the Resorts Hotel and Casino.[315] Another thermal plant is the Midtown Thermal Control Center on Atlantic and Ohio Avenues built by Conectiv, which opened in 1997 and provides chilled water for hotels and other facilities along the Boardwalk.[316]

Electrical power in Atlantic City and its immediate surrounding area is provided primarily served Atlantic City Electric, which was incorporated in 1924 and provides power from the Beesley's Point Generating Station in Upper Township and other locations.[317]

The Jersey-Atlantic Wind Farm, opened in 2005, is the first onshore coastal wind farm in the United States.[318] In October 2010, North American Offshore Wind Conference was held in the city and included tours of the facility and potential sites for further development.[319] In February 2011, the state passed legislation permitting the construction of windmills for electricity along pre-existing piers, such as the Steel Pier.[320][321] The first phase of the Atlantic Wind Connection, a planned electrical transmission backbone along the Jersey Shore was planned to be operational in 2013.

In popular culture[edit]

Atlantic City is featured prominently in films, television, and music, including:

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Atlantic City include:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ The official climatology station for Atlantic City was at the Weather Bureau Office downtown from January 1874 to 15 June 1958 and Atlantic City Int'l (ACY) in Egg Harbor Township since 16 June 1958.[92] ACY's location in the Pine Barrens and distance away from the coast and urban heat island of downtown Atlantic City largely account for its markedly colder temperatures at night as compared to downtown; for example, from 1959 to 2013, there were 50 days with a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) or lower, while in the same period, the corresponding number of days at downtown was 2. The National Weather Service ceased regular snowfall observations at downtown after the winter of 1958–59.
  3. ^ based on 2022 census data


  1. ^ a b Staff. "Before DO AC, America's Playground & Monopoly City Thrived". Researching New Jersey History, February 21, 2013. Accessed September 21, 2016.
  2. ^ Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "'Do AC,' the tourism campaign adopted in 2012 by the resort town, is managed by the Atlantic City Alliance, a marketing group whose impending dissolution is included in state plans.... Earlier in 2012, the city embraced 'The World's Famous Playground' as an official motto, replacing 'Always Turned On' from 2003 and the previous 'America's Favorite Playground' slogan."
  3. ^ Hall, John F (1900). "City Coat of Arms, History of Atlantic City". The Daily Union History of Atlantic City and County, New Jersey. Atlantic City, N.J.: The Daily Union Printing Company. p. 139.
  4. ^ a b c d 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  5. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  6. ^ a b Mayor Marty Small Sr., City of Atlantic City. Accessed May 23, 2024.
  7. ^ 2023 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, updated February 8, 2023. Accessed February 10, 2023.
  8. ^ a b Directory, City of Atlantic City. Accessed May 23, 2024.
  9. ^ Administration Department, City of Atlantic City. Accessed May 23, 2024.
  10. ^ City Clerk, City of Atlantic City. Accessed May 23, 2024.
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  12. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
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  27. ^ "Casino Night". Rutherford Town Revitalization. Retrieved February 18, 2024.
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  29. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 1, 2023.
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  32. ^ About Us Archived March 29, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, City of Atlantic City. Accessed June 24, 2019. "The first commercial hotel the Belloe House, located at Massachusetts and Atlantic Ave., was built in 1853, and operated till 1902."
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  43. ^ Traymore Hotel
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  46. ^ "Nucky's Empire: The Prohibition Years – Prohibition in a Wide Open Town", The Atlantic City Experience. Accessed December 19, 2011. "In Atlantic City, Prohibition was essentially unenforced by the local authorities. Atlantic City was a well-known haven for those seeking alcohol. The tourist-based economy of the resort encouraged business owners to provide whatever was needed to make the visitors happy."
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  116. ^ a b Pizarro, Max. "FDU: voters oppose AC state takeover, 43–29%, PolitickerNJ, February 16, 2011. Accessed April 25, 2016.
  117. ^ Clark, Michael. "State defines boundaries for Atlantic City Tourism District; Langford casts lone 'no' vote", The Press of Atlantic City, April 19, 2011. Accessed January 13, 2012. "The Casino Reinvestment Development Authority voted Tuesday to establish a jurisdiction zone known as the Tourism District, a vast chunk of the city targeted for rejuvenation under the supervision of the state agency."
  118. ^ Staff. "Atlantic City Tourism District Bill Signed" Archived August 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Hotel Experts – Atlantic City, New Jersey, February 2, 2011. Accessed April 25, 2016.
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  121. ^ via Associated Press. "Casino Gambling defeated by state and county voters" Archived September 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Red Bank Register, November 6, 1974. Accessed November 26, 2017.
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  123. ^ Overview, Casino Revenue Fund Advisory Commission. Accessed November 26, 2017. "In 1974 the voters of New Jersey were asked to amend the State Constitution by allowing Casino gambling to be permitted in Atlantic City and elsewhere. The referendum was defeated by 60% of voters. On November 2, 1976, the voters were again asked to decide Public Question #1, an amendment to the Constitution authorizing casino gambling in Atlantic City only."
  124. ^ Clarity, James F. "It's 'Place Your Bets' as East's First Casino Opens", The New York Times, May 27, 1978. Accessed November 26, 2017. "Legalized casino gambling began officially in Atlantic City today, with eager, but smaller-than‐expected, crowds of bettors moving into the Resorts International hotel gaming mom and politicians predicting that golden days were coming for this once-prosperous, now‐shabby resort town by the sea."
  125. ^ New Jersey Commercial Casinos, American Gaming Association, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 4, 2012. Accessed April 25, 2016.
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  128. ^ via Associated Press. "Showboat closing after 27 years in Atlantic City", Asbury Park Press, August 31, 2014. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  129. ^ Parry, Wayne via Associated Press. "$2.4 billion flop: Atlantic City's Revel closes after 2 years", The Seattle Times, September 1, 2014. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  130. ^ Parry, Wayne via Associated Press. "Trump Plaza, worst performing casino in Atlantic City, goes out of business", Toronto Star, September 16, 2014. Accessed August 23, 2014.
  131. ^ via Associated Press. "Atlantic City's Trump Plaza Sold for $20 Million", The Wall Street Journal, February 14, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2015. "The sale leaves the company he once ran, Trump Entertainment Resorts, with just one casino, the Trump Taj Mahal Casino Resort. Mr. Griffin also said his company would consider selling the Trump Taj Mahal, if the price were right."
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  137. ^ DGE Announces 1st Quarter 2019 Results, New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement, May 22, 2019. Accessed August 8, 2019.
  138. ^ Wittkowski, Donald. "Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino sold to California company for only $20 million", The Press of Atlantic City, February 15, 2013. Accessed October 30, 2015.
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  140. ^ Tully, Tracey (February 17, 2021). "Watch the Trump Era in Atlantic City End With 3,000 Sticks of Dynamite". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  141. ^ Brubaker, Harold. "Revel abandons Brookfield deal", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 12, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2015. "U.S. Bankruptcy Judge Gloria M. Burns on Wednesday scheduled a hearing for that morning to consider Revel AC Inc.'s motion to terminate its agreement to sell its property to a subsidiary of Brookfield Asset Management Inc. for $110 million."
  142. ^ Palmieri, Christopher. "Atlantic City's Failed Revel Casino Sells for $200 Million", Bloomberg News, January 8, 2018. Accessed September 14, 2018.
  143. ^ via Associated Press. "Judge: Stockton can find another buyer for Showboat", The Washington Times, August 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2015.
  144. ^ Lai, Jonathan. "Stockton completes Showboat sale to Blatstein", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 17, 2016. Accessed June 23, 2016. "The Philadelphia-based developer Bart Blatstein bought the property for $23 million, inheriting a legal mess but clearing Stockton to move forward with other plans."
  145. ^ Staff. "Sands casino in Atlantic City imploded", USA Today, October 19, 2007. Accessed October 30, 2015. "It took less than 20 seconds for the 21-story, 500-room tower where Frank Sinatra once held court to come crashing to the ground shortly after 9:30 p.m. in the first implosion of an East Coast casino. The demolition makes way for a mega-casino to be built on the Sands site by Pinnacle Entertainment at an estimated cost of $1.5 billion to $2 billion."
  146. ^ Staff. "Trump Planning to Demolish World's Fair Casino in Atlantic City", The New York Times, July 10, 1999. Accessed October 30, 2015. "Donald J. Trump plans to demolish his World's Fair casino in Atlantic City around the end of the year and may build a 4,000-room, $750 million gambling complex in its place, officials of his development company said yesterday."
  147. ^ Today in History: June 26, Library of Congress. Accessed June 23, 2016. "On June 26, 1870, the first section of the Atlantic City Boardwalk opened along the New Jersey beach."
  148. ^ Atlantic City FAQs: Where and when was the first boardwalk constructed?, Atlantic City Free Public Library. Accessed September 21, 2016. "The first boardwalk built in the United States was in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1870."
  149. ^ Shea, Rachel Hartigan. "After Sandy: The Future of Boardwalks; In age of extreme weather, should they be rebuilt, redesigned, defended by dunes?", National Geographic, November 10, 2012. Accessed September 21, 2016. "The first boardwalk built in the United States was a temporary structure. Two local businessmen, weary of sand being tracked into their establishments, convinced the city council of Atlantic City to create a boardwalk in 1870."
  150. ^ "Atlantic City Boardwalk". State of New Jersey. Retrieved August 18, 2023.
  151. ^ Derek Hall (August 15, 2023). "N.J.'s aging boardwalks to get a $100M facelift". NJ Advance Media. Retrieved August 15, 2023.
  152. ^ Brennan, John. "Putting the Atlantic City Boardwalk myth to bed", The Record, October 30, 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of November 3, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2016. "The Atlantic City Boardwalk that was washed out by Hurricane Sandy is an area limited to the Boardwalk fronting the Absecon Inlet only. That small section of the Boardwalk is located in South Inlet, a prominent residential section of Atlantic City. It is a small stretch of Boardwalk that is being shown in video footage and photos."
  153. ^ Jaffe, Greg. "Atlantic City takes stock of storm damage", The Washington Post, October 30, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2016. "One section of the famed boardwalk was destroyed, but most of it was intact, and on Tuesday, as white foam from the roiling Atlantic Ocean sprayed across it, the only people around were a few store owners who had come to check on their shops, some wave watchers and a few homeless men."
  154. ^ Down the Shore: Summer in Atlantic City Archived June 24, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Independence Seaport Museum. Accessed June 23, 2016. "The first Atlantic City boardwalk was built in 1870, and twelve years later, in 1882, Ocean Pier, the world's first oceanside amusement pier was constructed."
  155. ^ Keough, W. F. "Central Pier Rides Again / A.C. Gets a Family Amusement Center", The Press of Atlantic City, June 3, 1990. Accessed August 23, 2013. "Central Pier, vacant since the dawn of casino gaming, will re-open its doors Saturday in an $8 million effort by its owners to re-create one of the resort's most famous pre-casino attractions – its amusement parks. Visitors who plan to test the rides later this week at the city's oldest pier will be treated to the screaming upside-down rush of a Super Loop, or the musical lure of a merry-go-round by the sea."
  156. ^ Flynn, Ed. "The Heinz Pier in Atlantic City a 'variety' of fun", Northjersey.com, March 7, 2013. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  157. ^ Steeplechase Pier Heliport. Accessed March 10, 2012.
  158. ^ Atlantic City Experience: 100 Years of the Garden Pier, Atlantic City Free Public Library. Accessed August 23, 2013.
  159. ^ "Atlantic City Experience: 100 Years of the Garden Pier" Archived July 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Atlantic City Experience. Accessed July 27, 2017. "Garden Pier stood apart from the other piers in Atlantic City. First opening on July 19, 1913, its 'uptown' location placed it away from the frenzied activity of the bustling downtown."
  160. ^ Walsh, Tim (2004). The Playmakers: Amazing Origins of Timeless Toys. Keys Publishing. p. 48. ISBN 0-9646973-4-3.
  161. ^ Ecenbarger, Bill. "How to improve a property is the story of Monopoly", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 31, 2009. Accessed September 23, 2016. "In the summer of 1929, Ruth Hoskins, a Quaker schoolteacher from Indianapolis, moved to Atlantic City, where she introduced the game to her new friends – and made a version using Atlantic City street names. Friends then showed the game to Charles E. Todd, a Philadelphia hotel manager, who passed it on to an acquaintance named Charles Darrow, who soon was playing it in Philadelphia.... Darrow refined the game and then claimed he'd invented it."
  162. ^ Pilon, Mary (February 21, 2021). "The Prices on Your Monopoly Board Hold a Dark Secret". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
  163. ^ Monopoly, Present at the Creation, NPR, backed up by the Internet Archive as of February 19, 2003. Accessed June 23, 2016.
  164. ^ Kennedy, Rod. Monopoly: the story behind the world's best-selling game, p. 35, text by Jim Waltzer. Gibbs Smith, 2004, Salt Lake City, Utah. ISBN 9781586853228. Accessed June 23, 2016.
  165. ^ Kennedy (2004); p. 23.
  166. ^ a b Kent, Bill. "Pass Go, Collect Millions", The New York Times, April 6, 1997. Accessed December 22, 2022. "The Railroads: The Short Line was a bus line, not a railroad. Of the Monopoly railroads, only the Pennsylvania Reading did come to Absecon Island, as did the Camden & Atlantic.... Utilities: The Electric Company, based in Pleasantville, jolts enough juice into the animated signs in front of the Trump Plaza and Caesars parking garages each use enough electricity to power a small South Jersey town. The Water Works is the Atlantic County Municipal Utilities Authority, which regularly wins awards for the purity of its water."
  167. ^ Dedicated to The Diving Horses Archived April 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  168. ^ Futrell, Jim (2004). Amusement Parks of New Jersey. PA: Stackpole Books. p. 54. ISBN 0811729737.
  169. ^ The Old Steel Pier and the Old Atlantic City, SteelPier.com. Accessed January 13, 2017.
  170. ^ "The Mysterious Artifact Revealed", Bass River Township, N.J. History, July 27, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2017.
  171. ^ Berman, Marc. "Atlantic City's famous Rolling Chairs celebrate 125th anniversary today", NJ.com, June 11, 2012. Accessed June 23, 2016. "Rolling chairs have been an Atlantic City staple since June 11, 1887, introduced at a convention in 1876 and soon after began to be rented out to tourists by local businessman William Hayday."
  172. ^ "Contest Launches For New Atlantic City Tram Car Safety Message".
  173. ^ Santore, John V. "Panel weighs in on future of A.C.'s South Inlet", The Press of Atlantic City, January 14, 2015. Accessed September 21, 2016.
  174. ^ Home Page, Absecon Lighthouse. Accessed December 19, 2011.
  175. ^ Explore Historic Gardner's Basin Archived July 19, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Atlantic City Aquarium. Accessed July 27, 2017.
  176. ^ Hillinger, Charles. "This Elephant Is Not Endangered Victorian Relic Built in 1881 Is the Pride of Beach Town Series: Charles Hillinger's America" Archived March 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Los Angeles Times, December 19, 1985. Accessed December 19, 2011.
  177. ^ Osborne, A. S. (1995). Miss America, the dream lives on. Dallas, Texas: Taylor Publishing.
  178. ^ Khemlani, Anjalee. "Bert Parks statue back in prominent Atlantic City position", The Press of Atlantic City, June 8, 2013. Accessed July 27, 2017. "The bronze likeness of Parks was originally fitted with sensors in its palms, which would start a recording of him singing the traditional 'There she is ...' from the song 'Miss America' while people placed their heads under the crown."
  179. ^ Kinon, Christina. "HBO's 'Boardwalk Empire' uses New York as a stand-in for Atlantic City, Chicago and Los Angeles", New York Daily News, September 8, 2010. Accessed September 21, 2016.
  180. ^ Around the same time of the September 2010 premiere of the show, the Press of Atlantic City created Boss of the Boardwalk, a 45-minute documentary which premiered on August 21, 2010, on NBC TV-40 and aired six additional times in the following weeks. Cronick, Scott. "Press documentary 'Boss of the Boardwalk' chronicles the life and times of Nucky Johnson", The Press of Atlantic City, August 20, 2010. Accessed September 23, 2016. "Boss of the Boardwalk, a 45-minute documentary by staff writers Michael Clark and Dan Good, premiered at 7 pm. Saturday, Aug. 21, on NBC TV-40. It will receive six additional airings throughout August and September, including 3 pm. Sept. 19, the same day Boardwalk Empire will begin its 12-episode first season."
  181. ^ After the premiere of Boardwalk Empire, interest in Roaring Twenties-era Atlantic City grew. In October 2010, a plan was revealed to renovate the ailing Resorts Casino Hotel into a Roaring Twenties theme. The re-branding was proposed by current owner Dennis Gomes, and was initiated in December 2010 when he took over the casino. The changes accentuate the resort's existing art deco design, as well as presenting new 20s-era uniforms for employees and music from the time period. The casino also introduced drinks and shows reminiscent of the period. Resorts Atlantic City to adopt 1920s theme in nod to 'Boardwalk Empire' The Star-Ledger, October 7, 2010. Accessed September 21, 2016.
  182. ^ The actual building where Johnson lived, The Ritz-Carlton, offer tours.Waltzer, Jim. "The Ritz: Where Nucky Lay His Head; Once a happening hotel, the Ritz Condominium has restored its vintage look, if not its wild ways. Tours of Nucky Johnson's one-time home are now being offered as Boardwalk Empire mania continues to sweep the city.", Atlantic City Weekly, November 10, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2016.
  183. ^ In 2011, Academy Bus began a trolley tour called "Nucky's Way", a tour bus service that features actors portraying Nucky, as well as other characters, as it loops around the city. Nucky's Way is the second trolley tour to capitalize off of Boardwalk Empire, after The Great American Trolley company started a weekly tour of Atlantic City with a Roaring Twenties theme in early June 2011. Rose, Elaine. "Academy Bus Co. launches 'Nucky's Way,' an Atlantic City trolley tour where 'Nucky' Johnson is your guide". The Press of Atlantic City, June 30, 2011. Accessed October 30, 2015.
  184. ^ On August 1, 2011, a façade modeled after the set of Boardwalk Empire was unveiled on the boardwalk in front of an empty lot at the former site of the Trump World's Fair resort. The façade of storefronts, which consists of vinyl tacked onto three large sections of plywood, was the brainchild of longtime area radio host Pinky Kravitz, who was also a columnist for The Press of Atlantic City and host of WMGM-TV Presents Pinky on NBC40.
  185. ^ Harper, Derek. "'Boardwalk Empire' facade unveiled on Atlantic City Boardwalk to hundreds of spectators", The Press of Atlantic City, August 1, 2011. Accessed October 30, 2015.
  186. ^ Iuzzolino, Nicole. "TidalWave Music Festival 2023: Dates, schedules, where to buy tickets", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, December 16, 2022. Accessed March 21, 2023. "TidalWave Music Festival will take over the beaches of Atlantic City from Aug. 11 to 13. Some of the music industry's biggest country artists will perform, such as Thomas Rhett, Jason Aldean and Brooks & Dunn. This will be the second annual TidalWave Music Festival after the first was held in the summer of 2022."
  187. ^ Sobko, Katie. "Halsey, Demi Lovato coming to music and tech event North to Shore Jersey Festival", The Record, March 13, 2023. Accessed March 13, 2023. "The North to Shore Jersey Festival will be a music and technology event taking place over the course of three consecutive weekends at three cities across the state. Events will happen in Atlantic City from June 7 to 11, in Asbury Park from June 14 to 18, and in Newark from June 21 to 25. There will be a variety of entertainment events, including concerts, comedy shows and movies, as well as presentations from tech and business entrepreneurs."
  188. ^ Breihan, Tom. "Adjacent Festival Is Bringing The When We Were Young Experience To Atlantic City", Stereogum, October 25, 2022. Accessed March 21, 2023. "Atlantic City's Adjacent Festival doesn't have the gallingly ugly poster design of When We Were Young, and it's not quite as nostalgia-focused, but it's definitely chasing the same demographic. The festival is all loaded down with bands that would’ve played the Warped Tour in the ’00s or, in a few cases, the late ’90s. Blink-182 and Paramore will headline, and the bill also features Coheed And Cambria, Jimmy Eat World, Midtown, Thursday, Motion City Soundtrack, the Starting Line, Wheatus, Phantom Planet, and the Movielife."
  189. ^ Nitras, Jeremy. "Frantic City pics & review: Yo La Tengo, Snail Mail, Samiam, Bouncing Souls, RFTC, Superchunk, more", Brooklyn Vegan, September 26, 2022. Accessed March 21, 2023.
  190. ^ Jordan, Chris. "Bamboozle festival, stage for music superstars, returning May 2023 to New Jersey", May 4, 2021. Accessed March 21, 2023. "The storied Bamboozle music festival is returning May 5 to 7, 2023, for a 20-year anniversary celebration at a location in New Jersey, said founder John D'Esposito to the USA TODAY Network New Jersey.... The Bamboozle featured emo, hip-hop, rock and pop A-listers like Drake, Bon Jovi, Snoop Dogg, 50 Cent, My Chemical Romance, Bruno Mars Demi Lovato and many more during a 10-year run primarily in Asbury Park and the Meadowlands in East Rutherford."
  191. ^ Brandt, Joe. "Bamboozle 2023 festival canceled in Atlantic City a week before start", KYW-TV, April 29, 2023. Accessed May 9, 2023. "A music festival scheduled for next week at the Jersey Shore was canceled after Atlantic City officials say organizers did not submit required paperwork. The Bamboozle Festival was scheduled for May 5–7 at Bader Field. Limp Bizkit, Rick Ross, Papa Roach and Steve Aoki were set to appear. But city officials say with about a week to go, they were still waiting on fees and necessary documents from the festival's organizers."
  192. ^ Miss'd America Pageant, Greater Atlantic City GLBT Alliance. Accessed July 27, 2017.
  193. ^ Leonard, Nicole. "Miss'd America pageant finds new home in Atlantic City's Borgata", The Press of Atlantic City, May 22, 2015. Accessed September 21, 2016. "The reigning queen of the Miss'd America pageant, the LGBT spoof of Miss America, will relinquish her crown to a new winner on Sept. 26 as contestants from across the country descend on Atlantic City. The pageant has been held in recent years at Boardwalk Hall, Harrah's Resort and House of Blues at Showboat Casino Hotel since first returning to Atlantic City in 2010. ... Since its inception in 1994, the Miss'd America pageant has raised over $280,000 for local LGBT charities and organizations."
  194. ^ Post, Michelle Bruentti; and Reil, Max. "Atlantic City airshow soars over city's beaches", The Press of Atlantic City, August 17, 2016. Accessed November 19, 2016. "It was the 14th annual 'Thunder Over the Boardwalk' Atlantic City Airshow, with airboss David Schultz estimating 450,000 people lined the Boardwalk, beaches and oceanfront buildings from Brigantine to Ocean City."
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  202. ^ Weinberg, David. "Arena Football League teams suspend operations, Blackjacks' future unclear", The Press of Atlantic City, October 30, 2019. Accessed November 27, 2019. "The Atlantic City Blackjacks may not be back at Jim Whelan Boardwalk Hall next season. Ron Jaworski, chairman of the Arena Football League's Executive Committee, confirmed a report in the Albany Times Union on Tuesday that all six of the league's franchises will suspend their local operations."
  203. ^ Weinberg, David. "Atlantic City Blackjacks done after one year, AFL ceases operation", The Press of Atlantic City, November 27, 2019. Accessed November 27, 2019. "The Atlantic City Blackjacks are done after just one season in the Arena Football League. The AFL announced Wednesday that it has filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy and is ceasing all operations."
  204. ^ Auble, Kristine. "New soccer team Atlantic City FC to begin play in 2018", The Press of Atlantic City, December 22, 2017. Accessed November 27, 2019. "Hoping to fill a void in the city's sports scene, the Atlantic City Football Club announced Thursday that it will join the National Premier Soccer League as an expansion team in 2018.... The team will play five to seven home games at Stockton University in Galloway Township and will compete in the NPSL Keystone Conference as a semiprofessional team."
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  206. ^ Gill, Mike. "15 Years Ago This Week The Boardwalk Bullies Won The Kelly Cup", 97.3 ESPN, May 16, 2018. Accessed November 27, 2019. "From 2001-2005, the Atlantic City Boardwalk Bullies were a member of the ECHL, but like most pro sports teams in the city, attendance problems forced the team to leave the city, landing in Stockton, CA"
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  208. ^ Huna, Nicholas. "The history of the Atlantic City Surf", The Press of Atlantic City, September 23, 2017. Accessed November 27, 2019. "May 20, 1998: The Atlantic City Surf play their first game against the Somerset Patriots to a sellout crowd. The Surf lose 8-5.... Sept. 7, 2008: The Surf plays its last game, a 6-0 shutout loss to Quebec in the Can-Am League playoffs."
  209. ^ McGarry, Michael. "ShopRite LPGA Classic is thriving in four years since returning to Galloway", The Press of Atlantic City, May 24, 2014. Accessed September 14, 2018. "The Classic began in 1986 and continued uninterrupted for 20 years. But the tournament ended for three years after 2006 because of a dispute over dates between the former tournament officials and the LPGA."
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  292. ^ Raheem, Turiya S. A. "Community Updates: Pennsylvania Avenue School and More", Atlantic City Weekly, October 8, 2012. Accessed November 26, 2017. "The new Pennsylvania Avenue School (PAS) is a long-awaited addition to the Atlantic City School System.... Most students attending PAS have come from New Jersey Avenue School, one of the oldest in the city, which needed far too many repairs and had become a dark and dismal place for children and teachers alike."
  293. ^ Atlantic City Public School District 2016 Report Card Narrative Archived September 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed November 26, 2017. "The Atlantic City Public School District is a Pre-K to 12 school district operating Eleven (11) schools. Our Pre-K through 8th grade schools serve Atlantic City, while our high school serves the students of Atlantic City, Ventnor, Brigantine, Margate and Longport."
  294. ^ Rotondo, Christie. "Shore towns may pay less as Atlantic City schools slash budgets", The Press of Atlantic City, June 14, 2015. Accessed November 26, 2017. "Over the years, Brigantine, Ventnor, Margate and Longport have criticized the high cost of tuition to send their students to Atlantic City High School."
  295. ^ Frequently Asked Questions, Atlantic County Institute of Technology. Accessed July 8, 2022. "What does it cost to attend ACIT? As a public school, there is no cost to Atlantic County residents of high school age. New Jersey Title 18A:54-20.1 entitles students the right to choose ACIT for their high school education."
  296. ^ Profile, Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts. Accessed May 18, 2017.
  297. ^ D'Amico, Diane. "Students, teachers bid farewell to closing Oceanside Charter School", The Press of Atlantic City, June 18, 2013. Accessed November 19, 2016. "Photos were taken down off bulletin boards and tears streamed down cheeks Tuesday at the very last, last day of school at Oceanside Charter School in Atlantic City. The school will officially close at the end of the month after the state Department of Education did not renew its charter this year."
  298. ^ Our History, Our Lady Star of the Sea Regional School. Accessed February 20, 2023. "Fourteen years later, in 1908, having arranged for the Sisters of Mercy to work in the ministry of education, Father Petri opened Our Lady Star of the Sea School, with eighty students who were primarily Irish-American Catholics."
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  306. ^ Book NYC to Caesars Atlantic City Bus, OurBus. Accessed January 2, 2023.
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  308. ^ Schedules To/From Philadelphia and Casinos Archived August 21, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Martz Group. Accessed March 18, 2020.
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  311. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide Archived May 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Cross County Connection. Accessed march 18, 2020.
  312. ^ Jitney Route Map Archived November 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Atlantic City Jitney Association. Accessed November 19, 2016.
  313. ^ Urgo, Jacqueline L. "Atlantic City wind turbines become a tourist attraction", The Press of Atlantic City, June 12, 2011. Accessed December 4, 2015. "Some casino hotel guests are so fascinated that they ask for rooms with a view of the five delicate fans, resort operators say. So the Atlantic County Utilities Authority is cranking open the security gates at the Route 30 wastewater-treatment facility that houses the turbines for twice-a-week tours in June, July, and August."
  314. ^ AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center: Atlantic City Campus, AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center City Division. Accessed December 4, 2015. "AtlantiCare Regional Medical Center's Atlantic City Campus was Atlantic City's first hospital, founded in 1898."
  315. ^ Company History, South Jersey Industries. Accessed December 4, 2015. "Marina's first project was the construction of the Marina Thermal Energy facility in Atlantic City, which opened in 2003. Marina Thermal provides Borgata Casino Hotel & Spa's heating, cooling and hot water needs in addition to electric generation."
  316. ^ Ianeri, Brian. "Atlantic City cooling plant slashes electricity costs with innovative technology", The Press of Atlantic City, July 6, 2014. Accessed December 4, 2015. "New technology that slashed electricity costs by nearly 25 percent at the Midtown Thermal Control Center may benefit people from Dubai and Abu Dhabi to California and Texas. The 17-year-old Atlantic Avenue plant functions as a massive air-conditioning system that cools several Boardwalk casinos and hotels, Boardwalk Hall and the Pier Shops at Caesars."
  317. ^ About Us, Atlantic City Electric. Accessed December 4, 2015. "Atlantic City Electric, a subsidiary of Pepco Holdings, Inc. (PHI), delivers safe, reliable and affordable electric service to more than 545,000 customers in southern New Jersey."
  318. ^ Jersey-Atlantic Wind Farm, Atlantic City Utilities Authority. Accessed December 4, 2015.
  319. ^ Miller, Michael. "N.J. soars in wind energy projects; four offshore farms in the works could generate 1,100 megawatts", The Press of Atlantic City, October 8, 2010. Accessed January 13, 2017.
  320. ^ "N.J. allows windmills for electric energy on piers". New Jersey Newsroom. February 8, 2011. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
  321. ^ Fletcher, Juliet. "Christie enacts law allowing windmills on piers along New Jersey coast, including on Steel Pier in Atlantic City", The Press of Atlantic City, February 8, 2011. Accessed December 21, 2016.
  322. ^ Staff. "The King of Marvin Gardens (1972)", The New York Times. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Dreams die hard in wintry Atlantic City in Bob Rafelson's downbeat character drama."
  323. ^ Canby, Vincent. "Atlantic City (1980)", The New York Times, April 3, 1981. Accessed March 18, 2020. "Atlantic City, Louis Malle's fine new movie, may be one of the most romantic and perverse ghost stories ever filmed, set not in a haunted castle but in a haunted city, the contemporary Atlantic City, a point of transit where the dead and the living meet briefly, sometimes even make love, and then continue on their individual ways."
  324. ^ Hartshorn, Toni. "Ten Reasons Why You Shouldn’t Be Quick to Dismiss The Godfather, Part III", AMC, February 2012. Accessed March 18, 2020. Archived from the original July 26, 2020.
  325. ^ Weis, Richard. "Film / A.C. Gets Its Fair Share of Exposure in Rounders", The Press of Atlantic City, September 8, 1998. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Atlantic City may never again get the star treatment it received from director Louis Malle in 1980 with his dreamy, bittersweet film Atlantic City. But the city does get the proverbial 15 minutes of fame in Rounders, a feature about a pair of go-for-broke poker players that stars Matt Damon and Edward Norton and opens nationally on Friday."
  326. ^ Kempley, Rita. "Snake Eyes: A Bad Bet", The Washington Post, August 7, 1998. Accessed September 14, 2018. "Nicolas Cage, who sported wings as a somber seraphim in this spring's City of Angels, returns to more devilish pursuits in Brian De Palma's Snake Eyes. A glittery but dunderheaded murder mystery set in Atlantic City's Trump Taj Mahal, the movie gives both of these high-rollers a chance to strut and preen."
  327. ^ Donohue, Brian. "Doh!: How 'The Simpsons' has celebrated New Jersey over the years", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 15, 2016, updated May 16, 2019. Accessed March 18, 2020.
  328. ^ Krause, Staci. "How I Met Your Mother: 'Atlantic City' Review", IGN, April 3, 2007, updated May 15, 2012. Accessed March 18, 2020.
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  330. ^ Lustig, Jay. "‘On the Boardwalk (In Atlantic City),’ Dick Haymes", NJArts.net, September 22, 2014. Accessed April 24, 2023. "Anyway, Dick Haymes' 'On the Boardwalk (of Atlantic City),' with its soft crooning and inviting mentions of rolling chairs and saltwater air, is all about that version of Atlantic City. The song was featured in the 1946 movie Three Little Girls in Blue, about three sisters from Red Bank who spend their inheritance on a trip to Atlantic City, where they hope to snare rich husbands."
  331. ^ Staff. "High-Living N.J. 'Midget' Crowned With Drug Indictment", Philadelphia Daily News, February 16, 1989. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Hakeem Abdul Shaheed gave the kids of the dreary Atlantic City housing projects something to aspire to. He lived like a king, complete with gold crown."
  332. ^ "Unraveling Abramoff: Key Players in the Investigation of Lobbyist Jack Abramoff", The Washington Post, October 13, 2006. Accessed June 23, 2007. "Born in Atlantic City, N.J., Abramoff, 46, graduated from Brandeis University and Georgetown University Law Center."
  333. ^ Staff. "Crime may rise along with Earth's temperatures", Phys.org, July 12, 2012. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Agnew's background in criminology isn't purely academic. He grew up in the Atlantic City of the 1950s and 60s, before casinos brought tourist dollars and jobs."
  334. ^ Reney, Tom. "Joe Albany: Low Down Proto Bopper on Film" Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New England Public Radio, January 24, 2013. Accessed November 15, 2013. "The Atlantic City native is essentially the sole voice relating his life's story in the documentary, but he sounds humble and reliable, and his recollections of Bird and Pres and Lady Day are appreciative and insightful. Albany came to prominence in the 1940s, holding down the coveted piano chair in bands led by Georgie Auld and Benny Carter, where he was the only white member."
  335. ^ Jackson, Vincent. "Achievements / James Avery Returns Home to Accept Award From NJEA", The Press of Atlantic City, November 10, 2001. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Atlantic City native actor James Avery returned to his hometown this weekend to receive an award acknowledging his promotion of the teaching profession and recognizing his leadership in the acting field."
  336. ^ Staff. "Transport: Atlantic City Dream", Time, November 5, 1934. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Longtime dream of Atlantic City's Mayor Harry Bacharach has been a new railroad station for 'America's Playground.' Last week, on his 61st birthday, Mayor Bacharach's dream came true."
  337. ^ A Finding Aid to the Isaac Bacharach Papers. 1882–1956., American Jewish Archives. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Born in Philadelphia, January 5, 1870, Isaac Bacharach was a businessman and banker who pursued a political career as a Republican in New Jersey. After serving on the Atlantic City Council (1907–1911), he was elected to the State Assembly (1913) and the US Congress (1915)."
  338. ^ Staff. "Mayor Bader Dies; Atlantic City – Succumbs to Appendicitis Early This Morning – Under Knife on Thursday – Elected for Eight Years – Former Member of University of Pennsylvania's Football Team – A Contractor for Many Years.", The New York Times, January 29, 1927. Accessed June 1, 2017.
  339. ^ Henry, Big Joe. Big Joe's History of Christmas Music, NJ 101.5, December 22, 2012. Accessed February 1, 2013. "What do you get when you combine influences of 1950s era Atlantic City and Texas? You guessed it! You get the holiday hit Jingle Bell Rock. Composed by Joseph Beal, a public relations professional and longtime resident of Atlantic City, and James Boothe, a Texan writer in the advertising business."
  340. ^ Monaghan, Charles. "Book Report", The Washington Post, June 14, 1987. Accessed August 8, 2018. "A native of Atlantic City, N.J., Beckham was president of his class at Atlantic City High School before going to Brown, where he was one of three black graduates in the class of 1966."
  341. ^ Staff. "Edwin Blum: The Full Biography", The New York Times. Accessed November 15, 2013. "A native of Atlantic City, NJ, Blum moved to Los Angeles in 1933 and started out as an assistant to Writers Guild of America president Ernest Pascal."
  342. ^ McDonough, Megan. "Jack E. Boucher, longtime National Park Service photographer, dies at 80" Archived December 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Washington Post, September 13, 2012. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Jack Edward Boucher was born in Buffalo on Sept. 4, 1931, and raised in Atlantic City. He began his career as a photo lab technician and engraver at 18 at the old Atlantic City Tribune, a newspaper where his father was a reporter."
  343. ^ Staff. "Horace J. Bryant Dead; Commissioner in Jersey", The New York Times, April 14, 1983. Accessed September 25, 2016. "In 1970, Mr. Bryant returned to Atlantic City, was elected to the City Commission two years later and was City Commissioner of Revenue and Finance until 1980."
  344. ^ Wendowski, Andrew. "Breaking Benjamin, From Ashes To New Hit Rock Jackpot in Atlantic City at Hard Rock Casino", Music Mayhem Magazine, January 2, 2019. Accessed March 18, 2020. "This evening was a special one not only cause it was the bands final performance of the year but also because this show is a hometown show for Breaking Benjamin's own Benjamin Burnley, who was actually born right in Atlantic City as he greeted the crowd saying, 'Atlantic City, How the f-ck is everyone doing tonight, man it's so good to be home, I was born right here in Atlantic City.'"
  345. ^ Roncace, Kelly. 'Breaking Benjamin is back and going home with show at Trump Taj Mahal", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, August 8, 2015. Accessed August 9, 2018. "'I was born in Atlantic City, at the hospital there, and raised in Ocean City until I was 12 years old.' Burnley explained his family moved to Pennsylvania when he was 12 due to an increase in taxes at the shore town."
  346. ^ Greg Buttle, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed June 2, 2011.
  347. ^ Cronick, Scott. "Everyone Has a Story: Naval admiral, Atlantic City native to boldly go someplace cold", The Press of Atlantic City, October 24, 2009. Accessed September 12, 2018. "As a 30-year United States Navy veteran, Atlantic City native Mark H. Buzby has traveled the world. He has been to every continent except Antarctica. And thanks to his recent promotion, he will be able to check that one off, too, when he goes there in January."
  348. ^ Obituary of Carole Byard Archived January 10, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Greenidge Funeral Home. Accessed February 6, 2018. "Carole Marie Byard, 'Suggie,' was born on July 22, 1941, in Atlantic City, New Jersey to the late William Alfred Byard and Viola London-Byard. Carole graduated from Atlantic City High School, class of 1959."
  349. ^ Smith, Henrietta M. The Coretta Scott King Awards Book: From Vision to Reality, p. 74. American Library Association, 1994. ISBN 9780838934418. Accessed February 6, 2018. "Carole Byard was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, on July 22, 1942. Her mother died when Byard was very young, and she was raised by her father with the help of a grandmother."
  350. ^ "Harry Carroll", Songwriters Hall of Fame. Accessed June 24, 2019. "Harry Carroll, the composer of such enduring standards as I'm Always Chasing Rainbows, Trail of the Lonesome Pine and By the Beautiful Sea, was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey on November 28, 1892."
  351. ^ Gussow, Mel. "Rosalind Cash, 56, at Home on Stage and Screen", The New York Times, November 3, 1995. Accessed June 1, 2017. "Ms. Cash was born in Atlantic City and attended City College of New York."
  352. ^ Staff. "Castellani to Box Giambra on Friday", The New York Times, July 29, 1956. Accessed June 1, 2017. "Joey Giambra of Buffalo, hailed as a standout contender for the middleweight title, will meet Rocky Castellani of Atlantic City in the main bout scheduled for ten rounds at Madison Square Garden Friday."
  353. ^ Kent, Bill. "Atlantic City; Land and the Law", The New York Times, August 2, 1998. Accessed November 15, 2013. "On July 20, Judge Richard Williams of New Jersey Superior Court rejected the use of eminent domain to force Vera Coking, who owns a rooming house, and three other Atlantic City property holders to sell to Donald Trump, saying the seizure would benefit Mr. Trump and not the public at large."
  354. ^ Kiely, Eugene. "A Maverick Courting The Conservatives Assembly Speaker Jack Collins Says Morals Come Before Politics. He Hopes That Principle Wins Him Votes Among A Key Constituency.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 21, 2000. Accessed November 15, 2013. "Collins hates to lose. It's his competitive nature. He was born in Atlantic City and grew up in Gloucester City."
  355. ^ Nomination of Lawrence John Delaney in Nominations Before the Senate Armed Services Committee, First Session, 106th Congress, p. 47. United States Government Printing Office, 2000. ISBN 9780160610097. Accessed March 30, 2021. "Name... Lawrence John Delaney... Date and place of birth: May 29, 1935; Atlantic City, New Jersey."
  356. ^ Hannan, Maryanne. "Who Should Tell the Poem? A Conversation with Stuart Dischell", Cerise Press, Fall / Winter 2011–12, Vol. 3 Issue 8. Accessed November 16, 2013. "As for wisdom, perhaps he was referring to my being from Atlantic City where there are lots of wise guys."
  357. ^ Tarro, Zim. Bruce Ditmas Interview, Cadence. Accessed June 24, 2019. "Ditmas: OK, I’m Bruce Ditmas. I grew up in Miami, Florida, born in Atlantic City and I’m a drummer, keyboard player, composer, and producer."
  358. ^ Grimes, William. "Sidney Drell, Who Advised Presidents on Nuclear Weapons, Dies at 90", The New York Times, December 22, 2016. Accessed December 22, 2016. "Sidney David Drell was born on Sept. 13, 1926, in Atlantic City, to Jewish immigrants from the Russian empire."
  359. ^ Brown, Emma. "Robert Ettinger, founder of the cryonics movement, dies at 92", The Washington Post, July 24, 2011. Accessed April 25, 2016. "Robert Chester Wilson Ettinger was born Dec. 4, 1918, in Atlantic City."
  360. ^ Kleiman, Dena. "Frank S. Farley, 75, Ex-Legislator And G.O.P. Leader in Jersey, Dies", The New York Times, September 25, 1977. Accessed November 16, 2013. "Mr. Farley, whose friends called him 'Hap' was born in Atlantic City on Dec. 5, 1901, the youngest of 10 children."
  361. ^ D'Amico, Diane."Vera King Farris, Stockton college's longest-serving president, dies after short illness", The Press of Atlantic City, November 29, 2009. Accessed November 16, 2013. "An Atlantic City native, Farris was named Stockton's third president in 1983, making her the first black woman college president in New Jersey."
  362. ^ Grugan, Brittany. "Atlantic Cape Community College hires former Atlantic City star, longtime pro Andrew Fields as basketball coach ", The Press of Atlantic City, August 19, 2011. Accessed February 15, 2018. "Ever since he retired as a professional basketball player, Andrew Fields hoped to coach a college team. The Atlantic City resident, who played basketball professionally around the world for years, has extensive sideline experience."
  363. ^ Hilt, Ed. "Atlantic City's Chris Ford Takes Charge Of 76ers / First Game Tonight For Holy Spirit Grad", The Press of Atlantic City, February 11, 2004. Accessed June 2, 2011.
  364. ^ Holden, Stephen. "Helen Forrest, Singer During the Big Band Era, Dies at 82", The New York Times, July 13, 1999. Accessed November 16, 2013. "Born Helen Fogel in Atlantic City, Ms. Forrest performed regularly as a young girl on the New York City radio station WNEW."
  365. ^ "Anne Francine, Actress and Cabaret Star, Dead at 82", Playbill, December 6, 1999. Accessed October 13, 2021. "Born in 1917 Atlantic City to Philadelphia blueblood parents, Albert and Emilie Francine, the free-spirited Anne went against family wishes and took singing lessons and made her stage debut in Rodgers and Hart's Too Many Girls on the road in Detroit."
  366. ^ Staff. Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey: 1993 Edition, p. 231. Accessed September 6, 2016. "Assemblyman Gaffney was born March 23, 1934, in Atlantic City. He married the former Carol Crane in 1986."
  367. ^ John James Gardner, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 27, 2007.
  368. ^ Staff. "Girl Scout Founder is next Role for Veteran Character Actress", Daily News of Los Angeles, March 11, 1987. Accessed November 16, 2013. Archived from the original December 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. "Born in Atlantic City, NJ, where her parents were working in a specialty act, Garrett literally lived in a trunk backstage the first summer of her life."
  369. ^ Milton Willits Glenn, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 28, 2007. Archived October 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  370. ^ Myron Henry Goldfinger, FAIA (1933-2023), US Modernist. Accessed August 4, 2023. "Goldfinger grew up in Atlantic City NJ, before the casinos came. He was inspired by the design of houses in the Marvin Gardens neighborhood, the rich part of town - and his father the mailman, who had very neat lettering."
  371. ^ Leypoldt, Don. "Former Brown Showing New Strength in Christ", Fellowship of Christian Athletes, February 21, 2014. Accessed December 26, 2014. Archived from the original July 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. "Green is from Atlantic City. The casinos form a glitzy skyline but just blocks away teem with poverty, gangs and drugs. The gangs and drugs ensnared Green's father."
  372. ^ "Marjorie Guthrie", Jewish Women's Archive. Accessed November 16, 2013."Marjorie Guthrie was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, on October 6, 1917, the fourth of five siblings: Herbert, a merchant marine; Gertrude, an artist; David, a mechanical engineer; and Bernard, a psychiatrist."
  373. ^ John R. Hargrove Sr., Archives of Maryland. Accessed November 16, 2013.
  374. ^ Feuer, Alan. "Celestine Tate Harrington, 42, Quadriplegic Street Musician", The New York Times, March 7, 1998. Accessed November 16, 2013. "But Atlantic City – bustling with tourists and extra change – beckoned. She arrived on the Boardwalk in 1984, and she eventually moved into a condominium in Atlantic City purchased with the proceeds from her busking."
  375. ^ Kidel, Mark. "James Hillman obituary US psychologist who concluded that therapy needed to change the world rather than focus on people's inner lives", The Daily Guardian, December 21, 2011. Accessed November 16, 2013. "Hillman grew up in Atlantic City, New Jersey, with parents in the hotel business – they partly owned the George V in Paris. In a seaside resort that sold and lived by illusion, he spoke of learning early on about things not always being what they seemed."
  376. ^ Pete Hunter, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed July 27, 2017.
  377. ^ Jeffries, Walter Sooy, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  378. ^ Flint, Peter B. "Candy Jones Dies; Ex-Model, Teacher, And Writer Was 64", The New York Times, January 19, 1990. Accessed December 20, 2007. Accessed February 1, 2013.
  379. ^ Genzlinger, Neil. "Marvin Josephson, Who Scored Big Deals for Stars, Dies at 95", The New York Times, May 31, 2022. Accessed June 5, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Marvin Josephson was born on March 6, 1927, in Atlantic City, N.J. His parents, Joseph and Eva Rivka (Rounick) Josephson, ran a dress shop."
  380. ^ Cotter, Holland. "Allan Kaprow, Creator of Artistic 'Happenings,' Dies at 78", The New York Times, April 10, 2006. Accessed June 2, 2011. "Mr. Kaprow was born in Atlantic City and began his career as an abstract painter in New York City in the 1940s, studying with Hans Hofmann."
  381. ^ Meet Amy, Amy Kennedy for Congress. Accessed July 11, 2020. "Amy was born in Atlantic City and grew up in Pleasantville and Absecon, New Jersey."
  382. ^ Marie Kibler, Sports-Reference.com. Accessed January 15, 2018. "Born: June 29, 1912 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States"
  383. ^ Kuperinsky, Amy. "Atlantic City radio legend Pinky Kravitz dead at 88", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 1, 2015. Accessed November 5, 2015. "The radio man, born in West Virginia, moved to Atlantic City with his family when he was 7. In 1988, the alumnus of Atlantic City High School told the New York Times that a class bully gave him his famous nickname."
  384. ^ Bartlett, Lauren. Martha Krebs Appointed Director of the California NanoSystems Institute and UCLA Associate Vice Chancellor for Research Archived December 5, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, University of California, Los Angeles, March 14, 2001. Accessed December 5, 2017. "Krebs was born in Atlantic City, N.J., and grew up in central Pennsylvania near Harrisburg."
  385. ^ Johnson, Judge Nelson. "Joanna LaSane was Atlantic City's regal pioneer in the cultural arts, says Judge Nelson Johnson", The Press of Atlantic City, February 20, 2019. Accessed February 5, 2020. "Joanna Forenan LaSane was Atlantic City's royalty. She was an intelligent, charming and elegant lady, a role model for us all."
  386. ^ Staff. Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey; 1990 Edition, p. 208. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1990. Accessed September 28, 2016. "Mr. Laskin was born June 30, 1936, in Atlantic City. He was graduated from Camden High School in 1954."
  387. ^ Jacob Lawrence Biography, DC Moore Gallery. Accessed December 21, 2016. "Born in 1917 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Lawrence moved with his family to Harlem in 1930, where he came into contact with some of the greatest artistic and intellectual minds of his generation."
  388. ^ Reil, Maxwell. "Jacob Lawrence and his art remembered, admired in Atlantic City", The Press of Atlantic City, February 24, 2017. Accessed November 15, 2017. "Though it has been 100 years since his birth in Atlantic City, Lawrence still has an influence in the area. Born on Arctic Avenue in 1917, Lawrence was a painter, educator and storyteller."
  389. ^ "E, Grey Lewis '59", Princeton Alumni Weekly. Accessed July 23, 2019. "Born in Atlantic City, Grey attended the Peddie School, where he was president of the student body."
  390. ^ "Libby Given 1964 Award", Statesville Record & Landmark, March 26, 1965. Accessed January 1, 2018. "A native of Atlantic City, N. J., Libby moved to Los Angeles three years ago after a stint as sports editor of the Yonkers (N.Y.) Herald-Statesman and sports writer for the New York Post."
  391. ^ Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, 1984, p. 226. Accessed October 28, 2019. "James J. (Sonny) Mccullough, Rep., Egg Harbor Twp.... The senator was born Jan. 11, 1942, in Atlantic City. He graduated from Atlantic City High School in 1960, and has completed certification courses at Rutgers University and taken classes at Rowan University and Rider College."
  392. ^ DeRosier, John. "Atlantic City native embroiled in Trump/Flynn controversy ", The Press of Atlantic City, May 17, 2017. Accessed November 15, 2017. "McGahn, a longtime Republican campaign lawyer and former commissioner at the Federal Election Commission, grew up in Atlantic City, attending Our Lady Star of the Sea school and Holy Spirit High School, where he played football."
  393. ^ Staff. "Obituary: Bob Merrill", The Independent, February 19, 1998. Accessed April 25, 2016. "The son of a sweet- manufacturer, Merrill was born in 1921 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, but raised in Philadelphia."
  394. ^ Merkoski, Paul. "For Arnold Newman...", The Press of Atlantic City, December 8, 1974. Accessed February 20, 2024, via Newspapers.com. "Spending his summers in Atlantic City and his winters in Florida, Newman changed schools often. 'When we were here I went to the Pennsylvania Avenue School, the junior high school and Atlantic City senior high' he said"
  395. ^ "The Man Who Knew", Frontline. Accessed December 17, 2008.
  396. ^ Davis, Eddie. "Acclaimed Food Writer, One-time A.C. Resident, Josh Ozersky Found Dead", WFPG, May 6, 2015. Accessed November 10, 2017. "Joshua Ozersky, who spent his teen years in Atlantic City and later turned his insatiable love of food in to an unforgettable career as a food writer, died Monday in Chicago. He was 47. Ozersky moved to Atlantic City as a 12-year-old in 1979, when his father, the painter David Ozersky, got a job as a stage technician at Resorts Casino. He attended Atlantic City High School and Rutgers University."
  397. ^ Monk, Cody. "New trend: 'The Body' politico", The Dallas Morning News, November 7, 1998. Accessed June 2, 2011. Archived from the original October 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. "What's next? Hollywood Hulk Hogan as mayor of Los Angeles? King Kong Bundy, whose hometown is Atlantic City, as governor of New Jersey?"
  398. ^ Morrison, John F. "Reese Palley, 93, flamboyant Atlantic City art dealer and adventurer", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 5, 2015. Accessed July 8, 2022. "Reese Palley, who died Wednesday at 93, was a millionaire businessman in Atlantic City who made his money in real estate and with an art gallery on the Boardwalk that catered to the wealthy."
  399. ^ Staff. "Joseph B. Perskie, Ex-Associate Justice Of New Jersey Supreme Court, Dies at 71", The New York Times, May 30, 1957. Accessed July 5, 2016. "A native of Alliance, Mr. Perskie came to the resort area at the age of 11. He attended public schools here and was graduated from Atlantic City High School in 1904 and Pennsylvania Law School in 1907."
  400. ^ Cai, Kenrick. "Former Square Executive Becomes Billionaire As Stock Surges", Forbes, August 25, 2021. Accessed July 20, 2023. "Born and raised in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Reses attributes her interest in small business to her first job working behind the counter at her father's pharmacy."
  401. ^ About, MoniqueSamuels.com. Accessed April 5, 2022. "Monique was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey and graduated from Pleasantville High School as the Salutatorian of her class."
  402. ^ Willis, John; and Monush, Barry. Screen World 2007. p. 417. Hal Leonard Corporation, 2010. ISBN 9781557837295. Accessed January 13, 2017. "Jeremy Slate, 80, Atlantic City-born screen and television actor died in Los Angeles, CA, of complications after surgery for cancer of the esophagus, on November 19, 2006."
  403. ^ Wakin, Daniel J. "Alfredo Silipigni, 74, Who Founded An Opera Company", The New York Times, March 29, 2006. Accessed June 2, 2011. "Alfredo Silipigni was born in Atlantic City on April 9, 1931, a son of Italian immigrants. He attended the Westminster Choir College in Princeton and the Juilliard School."
  404. ^ via Associated Press. "George Smathers: 1913 – 2007; Ex-senator fought on many fronts; Dapper lawmaker from Florida focused on communism, Latin America", Chicago Tribune, January 21, 2007. Accessed June 2, 2011. Archived from the original December 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. "Mr. [George Armistead Smathers] was born on Nov. 13, 1913, in Atlantic City, N.J. His father was a federal judge; his uncle was a U.S. senator. His family moved to Miami when he was 6."
  405. ^ Honoring the Life of Dave Thomas Archived July 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Senator Carl Levin, Congressional Record 107th Congress Second Session Wednesday, January 23, 2002. Accessed June 23, 2007. "Rex David 'Dave' Thomas was born on July 2, 1932, in Atlantic City, NJ, and was adopted soon afterward by Rex and Auleva Thomas, who lived in Kalamazoo, MI."
  406. ^ Rose, Elaine. "Sister Jean Webster, who fed Atlantic City's poor from her kitchen, dies at 76", The Press of Atlantic City, January 10, 2011. Accessed February 10, 2022. "Webster had been feeding the hungry for about 25 years, first from her modest home on Indiana Avenue and later from the First Presbyterian Church, which shares a facility with the Victory Deliverance Church, where she was a member."
  407. ^ Assembly Member James 'Jim' Whelan, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 8, 2007.
  408. ^ Fox, Margalit. "N. Joseph Woodland, Inventor of the Bar Code, Dies at 91", The New York Times, December 12, 2012. Accessed December 12, 2012. "Norman Joseph Woodland was born in Atlantic City on Sept. 6, 1921."
  409. ^ Kutner, C. Jerry. "Albert Zugsmith's Opium Dreams: Confessions of an Opium Eater", Bright Lights Film Journal, November 1, 1997. Accessed July 27, 2017. "Albert Zugsmith was born on April 24, 1910, in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and educated at the University of Virginia."

Further reading[edit]

  • Johnson, Nelson. Boardwalk Empire: The Birth, High Times, and Corruption of Atlantic City (2010); Popular history tied to TV series
  • Paulsson, Martin. The Social Anxieties of Progressive Reform: Atlantic City, 1854-1920. (NYU Press, 1996).
  • Simon, Bryant. Boardwalk of Dreams: Atlantic City and the Fate of Urban America (2004); Scholarly study

External links[edit]

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