Atrax (mythology)

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In Greek mythology, Atrax /ˈtræks/ (Ancient Greek: Ατραξ) was the son of the river god Peneus and Bura. He was believed to have been the founder and eponym of Atrax or Atracia, a city in Thessaly.[1] He had three daughters: Hippodamia (wife of Pirithous);[2] Caenis, who transformed into a male, Caeneus;[3] and Damasippe, who was married to Cassandrus of Thrace and fell in love with her stepson Hebrus (Cassandrus' son by his first wife Crotonice); as he rejected all her advances, she took revenge on him by falsely accusing him of seducing her; Cassandrus believed the accusations and tried to kill Hebrus, who threw himself into the river Rhombus, which was subsequently renamed Hebrus.[4]


  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Atrax
  2. ^ Ovid, Heroides, 17. 248
  3. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 23
  4. ^ Pseudo-Plutarch, On Rivers, 3. 1