Gros Ventre language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Atsina language)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gros Ventre
Native to United States
Region Montana
Ethnicity Gros Ventre
Extinct 1981[1]
Revival 45 self-identified speakers as of 2009-2013[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ats
Glottolog gros1243[3]

Atsina, or Gros Ventre (also known as Ananin, Ahahnelin, Ahe and A’ani),[4] is the extinct ancestral language of the Gros Ventre people of Montana. The last fluent speaker died in 1981.[1]


Atsina is the name applied by specialists in Algonquian linguistics. Arapaho and Atsina are dialects of a common language usually designated by scholars as "Arapaho-Atsina". Historically, this language had five dialects, and on occasion specialists add a third dialect name to the label, resulting in the designation, "Arapaho-Atsina-Nawathinehena".[1] Compared with Arapaho proper, Gros Ventre had three additional phonemes /tʲ/, /ts/, /kʲ/, and /bʲ/, and lacked the velar fricative /x/.

Theresa Lamebull taught the language at Fort Belknap College, and helped develop a dictionary using the Phraselator when she was 109.[5]

As of 2012, the White Clay Immersion School at Fort Belknap College was teaching the language to 26 students, up from 11 students in 2006.[4][6]



Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive plain b t k ʔ
Fricative θ s h
Affricate ts
Nasal n
Approximant w j


Short Long
Close ɪ
Mid ɛ
Back ɔ



  1. ^ a b c Mithun 336
  2. ^ "Detailed Languages Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017-11-17. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gros Ventre". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ a b "Immersion School is Saving a Native American Language". Indian Country Today Media Network. 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2012-10-22. 
  5. ^ "The Phraselator II". The American Magazine. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  6. ^ Boswell, Evelyn (2008-12-04). "MSU grads preserve a native language, keep tribal philosophies alive". MSU News Service. Retrieved 2012-07-19. 
  7. ^ Salzmann, Zdeněk (1969). Salvage Phonology of Gros Ventre (Atsina). 


  • Mithun, Marianne (1999) The Languages of Native North America. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]