Atta-ur-Rahman (chemist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Atta ur Rahman (scientist))
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Atta-Ur-Rahman
Atta-Ur-Rahman (cropped).jpg
Atta-ur-Rahman at Karachi University
Native name
عطاالرحمان
Born (1942-09-22) 22 September 1942 (age 76)
Nationality Pakistani
Citizenship Pakistan
Alma materKarachi University
University of Cambridge
Known forNatural Product Chemistry
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society
Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2002)
Hilal-e-Imtiaz (1998)
Sitara-e-Imtiaz (1991)
Tamgha-e-Imtiaz (1983)
UNESCO Prize (1999)
Austria Order of Merit (2007)
Scientific career
FieldsOrganic chemistry
InstitutionsKarachi University
Hussain Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry
University of Tübingen
University of Cambridge
ThesisSynthetic studies in the Indole Alkaloids field (1968)
Doctoral advisorJohn Harley-Mason[citation needed]
Other academic advisorsIan Fleming
Alan Fersht[citation needed]
InfluencedSalimuzzaman Siddiqui
Websitehttp://atta-ur-rahman.com

Atta-ur-Rahman (Urdu: عطاالرحمان‎; born 22 September 1942), FRS, FPAS, is a Pakistani scientist specialising in organic chemistry who served as the chairman of the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan between until and the Minister for Science and Technology between and [1] He currently serves as the Co-Chair of the UN Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation for UNESCAP.[2]

After studying chemistry at the University of Karachi, Atta-ur-Rahman travelled to Cambridge where he received Ph.D and later Sc.D. in organic chemistry. He also has received honorary doctorates from University of Bradford and Asian Institute of Technology, with research focused on Bio-organic chemistry, Synthetic chemistry and Natural product chemistry.[3] He started teaching as an associate professor in 1974 at the University of Karachi and worked as postdoctoral researcher at the University of Tübingen as part of the German Academic Exchange. He serves as the patron of Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry and professor emeritus of Chemistry at the Karachi University.[4]

Atta-ur-Rahman is an expert in the field of natural product chemistry in South Asia, with over 1142 publications in several fields of organic chemistry including 775 research publications, 43 international patents, 70 chapters in books and 254 books published largely by major U.S. and European presses (h index 55).[5] He serves as the Editor In Chief of several peer reviewed journals including the Current Medicinal Chemistry and Current Organic Chemistry. He has been a Fellow of the Royal Society since July 2006 and has served as the President of Pakistan Academy of Sciences. In recognition of his contributions in the field of organic chemistry, he has been conferred with four Government of Pakistan civil awards including Nishan-e-Imtiaz (2002), Hilal-i-Imtiaz (1998), Sitara-i-Imtiaz (1991) and Tamgha-e-Imtiaz (1983).[3][6] He has also been conferred the high Civil Award of the Government of Austria “Grosse Goldene Ehrenzeichen am Bande" (2007) in recognition of his eminent contributions to uplift higher education in Pakistan and the close linkages developed with Austria [7] He was the first recipient of the Khwarizmi International Award and the first Muslim to receive the UNESCO Science Prize (1999).[8] He was conferred the highest national award for foreigners, the Friendship Award, by the Government of China[9] As of March 28, 2016, he co-chairs the United Nations Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation for the UNESCAP.[10][11] In a recent national ranking, the Pakistan Council for Science and Technology ranked him as the top among chemistry professional of Pakistan[12][13]

Education[edit]

Atta-ur-Rahman was born on 22 September 1942 in Delhi, British India ( India) into an Urdu-speaking academic family.[14] His grandfather, Sir Abdur Rahman, was a vice-chancellor of the University of Delhi (1934–38) who briefly served as a judge at the Madras High Court.[15]

In 1946, Sir Abdur Rahman was appointed as vice-chancellor of the Punjab University in Lahore, eventually relocating his family there, a year before the Partition of India took place.[15] Sir Abdur Rahman eventually ascended as a Senior Justice at the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 1949.[15] His father, Jamil-ur-Rahman, was a lawyer who established a textile industry in Karachi, Sindh.[15] Atta-ur-Rahman was a bright student at school.[15] After settling in Karachi in 1952, he excelled in passing the competitive O-Level and A-Level from the Karachi Grammar School and joined Karachi University.[15]

Attending Karachi University in 1960, Rahman graduated with a bachelor's degree (with honors) in chemistry in 1964, with degree concentration in natural products.[15][16] He obtained a Master of Science (MSc) in organic chemistry in 1965, and earned a Commonwealth Scholarship for doctoral studies in the United Kingdom.[15] He joined King's College of the Cambridge University and resumed research in natural products under J. Harlon-Mason.[16] In 1968, Rahman received his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Organic chemistry; his doctoral thesis contained fundamental work on natural products and organic materials.[15] In 1987, Cambridge University also conferred him with the Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) for his contribution for the advancement of the chemical sciences.[16] In 2007, the Coventry University bestowed him with the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) in recognition of his services to help improve science education in Pakistan.[16]

In addition, Rahman has been conferred with the honoris causa by various institutions including the Bradford University (in 2010); the Asian Institute of Technology (in 2010); and the Universiti Teknologi MARA (in 2011).[17]

Academic career[edit]

In 1964, Rahman joined the Karachi University as a lecturer in undergraduate chemistry.[17] He remained associated with the Cambridge University between 1969–73, and is presently honorary Life Fellow at the King's College of the Cambridge University.[17] In 1977, he became the deputy director of the Hussain Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry at University of Karachi; eventually he was ascended as the Director in 1990.[17] In 1979, Rahman did the post-doctoral research at the University of Tübingen. Upon returning to Pakistan, he joined Karachi University where he lectures and taught chemistry.[17] He was appointed Professor Emeritus at University of Karachi for life.[19]

In 2008, Rahman was appointed as Patron-in-Chief of the International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS). In 2011, Rahman was made emeritus professor of chemistry at the University of Karachi.[17] With more than 1,122 international publications, including 245 books, 764 research publications, 70 chapters in books and 45 international patents, he has the distinction of being the only scientist to be elected Fellow of Royal Society (London) in 2006 in recognition of research contributions carried out within a country in the Islamic world. He is also the only scientist from the Muslim world to have been awarded the UNESCO Science Prize (1999). He was awarded an Honorary Life Fellowship by King's College, University of Cambridge in 2007, an honorary Doctorate of Science by CambridgeUniversity 1987, a Doctorate of Education by Coventry University in 2007,[20] a Doctorate of Science by Bradford University in 2010, a Doctor of Philosophy by Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand in 2010 and honorary Doctor of Scıence by University of Technology MARA. Malaysıa.[21] A number of other universities have also granted honorary doctorate degrees to Atta-ur-Rahman including Coventry University, Bradford University, University of Karachi, Sir Syed University and Gomal University. He was given the International Cooperation Award, the highest award of the Chinese Academy of Sciences for Institution Building, on 10 January 2014.[22] Atta-ur-Rahman was elected as an "Academician" (Foreign member) of Chinese Academy of Sciences, thereby becoming the first scientist from the Muslim World to be so honoured.[23]

International Praise[edit]

Since the HEC's reforms have been carried out in 2002, HEC has received praise from the international higher education observers. Atta-ur_Rahman, founding Chairman of HEC, has received number of prestigious international awards for the remarkable transformation of the higher education sector under his leadership.[24] German academic, Wolfgang Voelter of Tübingen University in Germany over viewed the performance of HEC under the leadership of Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman and described the reforms in HEC as "A miracle happened." After teaching and visiting in 15 universities of Pakistan, Voelter wrote that the "scenario of education, science and technology in Pakistan has changed dramatically, as never before in the history of the country.[24] The chairperson of the Senate Standing Committee on Education recently announced the first 6 years of HEC under Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman as "Pakistan's golden period in higher education".[25] Recently ThomsonReuters in an independent assessment of Pakistan's progress in international publications has acknowledged that in the last decade there has been a fourfold increase in international publications and a tenfold growth in highly cited papers, statistics that were better than the BRIC countries [26]

American academic Fred M. F. Hayward has also praised the reform process undertaken by Pakistan, admitting that "since 2002, a number of extraordinary changes have taken place."[27] Hayward pointed our that "over the last six years almost 4,000 scholars have participated in PhD programs in Pakistan in which more than 600 students have studied in foreign PhD programs."[27] The HEC instituted major upgrades for scientific laboratories, rehabilitating existing educational facilities, expanding the research support, and overseeing the development of one of the best digital libraries in the region.[27] Seeking to meeting the international standard, a quality assurance and accreditation process was also established, of which, ≈95% of students sent abroad for training returned, an unusually high result for a developing country in response to improved salaries and working conditions at universities as well as bonding and strict follow-up by the commission, Fulbright, and others."[28]

The HEC's reforms brought about by Rahman were also applauded by the United Nations Commission on Science and Technology for Development (UNCSTD) which reported that the "progress made was breath-taking and has put Pakistan ahead of comparable countries in numerous aspects."[29] In limited time, the HEC established and provided free access to scientific literature by high-speed Internet for all universities, the upgrade of research equipment accessible across the country, and the programme of establishing new universities of science and technology, including science parks attracted the foreign investors, prove the efficiency and the long-term benefits for the country enabled.[29] The UNCSTD has closely monitored the development in Pakistan in the past years, coming to the unanimous conclusion that HEC's program initiated under the leadership of Rahman is a "best-practice" example for developing countries aiming at building their human resources and establishing an innovative, technology-based economy.".[30] A number of institutions have been named after Rahman including the “Atta-ur-Rahman Institute of Natural Product Discovery” (RIND) at Malaysia's largest university, Universiti Teknologi Mara [31] and the Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences at National University of Science & Technology in Islamabad.[32]

Rahman has won four international awards for the revolutionary changes in the higher education sector brought in the HEC. The Austrian government conferred its highest civil award (“Grosse Goldene Ehrenzeischen am Bande") in recognition of his eminent contributions.[7] Nature, a leading science journal, has also written a number of editorials and articles about the transformation brought about in Pakistan in the higher education sector under the HEC. In an article entitled "Pakistan Threat to Indian Science" published in the leading daily newspaper Hindustan Times, India, it has been reported that C. N. R. Rao, Chairman of the Indian Prime Minister's Scientific Advisory Council made a presentation to the Indian Prime Minister at the rapid progress made by Pakistan in the higher education sector under the leadership of Rahman, Chairman, Higher Education Commission. It was reported that as result of the reforms brought about in Pakistan " Pakistan may soon join China in giving India serious competition in science". "Science is a lucrative profession in Pakistan. It has tripled the salaries of its scientists in the last few years.".[33] Rahman was conferred the highest national Award of the Republic of China in September 2014 for his contributions to develop strong linkages between Pakistan and China in various fields of higher education, science and technology.[34] In 2016 he was elected as Academiciann (Foreign Member) of Chinese Academy of Sciences, thereby becoming the first scientist from the Islamic world to be bestowed this honour.[23]

HAARP Research[edit]

In 2010, Atta ur-Rahman published his views that the United States government had financed a science research project, the HAARP program, in Alaska that could affect the weather.[35][36][37] Since 2003, Rahman quoted the European Union resolution condemning USA for research on altering weather patterns through HAARP as well as the 12 international patents obtained in the field by the US supported HAARP initiative in Alaska[38] Rahman has been in conflict with Pervez Hoodbhoy, a nuclear physicist, who has criticised Rahman on his tenure as Chairman of the Higher Education Commission.[35]

This sparked off a debate when Pervez Hoodbhoy lamented decline of academic standards in Pakistan.[37][39] The views of Hoodbhoy have been criticised and rejected by some others, including by some international observers, such as Fred Hayward (US consultant to USAID),[40] Wolfgang Voelter (Tübingen University)[41] and Michael Rode (Innsbruck University, Chairman of UN Commission on Science, Technology & Development)[42] who have praised the reforms of the higher education sector in Pakistan under the leadership of the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan by Atta-ur-Rahman. A number of major international prizes and awards have also been won by Atta-ur-Rahman in recognition of these contributions. Atta-ur-Rahman has subsequently clarified that he did not state that HAARP could cause earthquakes but he did refer to the European Union resolution that condemned the US funded research on HAARP which could potentially alter weather patterns and on which 12 US patents had been obtained [36][43][44]

Positions held[edit]

Government work and political advocacy[edit]

After securing the fellowship of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences, Rahman had been affiliated with the Pakistan government regarding education and science affairs.[17] From 1996 till 2012, Rahman served in the board of directors of the Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation, representing Pakistan's delegation.[17] In 1997, Rahman served as the Coordinator General of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation's (OIC) Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH) that comprised 57 Ministers of Science and Technology from 57 OIC member countries.[58]

In 1999, he joined the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoSci) as its minister, assisting in drafting the official science policy of the country. In 2002, he was appointed as minister of the Ministry of Education (MoEd) as well as becoming the chairman of the Higher Education Commission (HEC) until resigning in 2008.[59] Rahman served as the president of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences for two non-consecutive terms; first from 2003 until 2006, and from 2010 until 2015 for a second term.[17] In 2012, Rahman used this position on providing guidance on science and technology affairs to the Pakistan government on multiple occasions. Rahman bitterly criticized the alleged hydrogen powered vehicle invented by Agha Waqar Ahmad.[60] In a nationwide televised debate with Abdul Qadeer Khan, Samar Mubarakmand, and Pervez Hoodbhoy, he notable argued against it and proved that such invention was in a violation of the second law of thermodynamics as well as law of conservation energy.[61] In 2016 Prof. Rahman was appointed as Co-Chairman of a United Nations Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation covering the member countries of UNESCAP.[10] Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman has been appointed as the Chairman of two steerin Committees formed to establish the Pakistan Austrian Engineering University (Fachhochschule) in Haripur, Hazara, and the Pakistan Italian Engineering University in Lahore.[62] Prof. Rahman is also the Chairman of the Search Committee for appointment of Vice Chancellors in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan and some 20 Vice Chancellors have been appointed by the Search Committee under his Chairmanship.[63]

Rahman is also the former vice-president of The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS), which he secured in 2010.[17] The Austrian government also honoured him with its highest civil award ("Das Große Goldene Ehrenzeichen am Bande", 2007) in recognition of his eminent contributions.[64]

In recognition of the contributions of Rahman, a number of institutions have been named after him within and outside Pakistan. These include a natural product chemistry institute (Atta-ur-Rahman Research Institute of Natural Product Discovery, RiND) at the University of Technology Mara in Malaysia,[65] Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences at National University of Science & Technology in Islamabad,[66] and Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman Building at the International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi[67] The Academy of Sciences in the Developing World (TWAS) based in Trieste, Italy has introduced a Dr. Atta-ur-Rahman Prize in Chemistry to a scientist from the developing world each year. The Prize carries a cash award of $5,000 and a Certificate.[68] Rahman has established a research center for Genomics research at the University of Karachi named after his father Jamil-ur-Rahman from a personal donation. The Center has been named as the "Jamil-ur-Rahman Center for Genomics Research" and has the state of the art facilities for gene sequencing, the only such facility in Pakistan[69]

Honours and awards[edit]

Rahman is the most decorated scientist of Pakistan having won four civil awards from successive governments including the highest national Civil Award of Nishan-i-Imtiaz. Rahman was elected as Fellow of Royal Society (London) in July 2006 thereby becoming one of the 4 scientists from the Muslim world to have ever won this honor in the last 350 years when the Royal Society was established, and the only scıentıst to be so recognısed for researches carrıed out wıthın a Islamıc country. His citation on election to the Royal Society reads "Atta-ur-Rahman has discovered a large number of natural products, many of which have exhibited exciting biological activities. He has developed biomimetic synthetic approaches to the anti-cancer alkaloids of Catharanthus roseus. He has also developed new methods for determination of absolute configurations of several classes of organic compounds by circular dichroism studies. These contributions are embodied in 800 research papers in leading international journal,37 international patents and 59 chapters in books. He has also written/edited 221 books published by major international companies. Atta-ur-Rahman has played a pivotal role in the establishment of a world-class Centre of natural product chemistry, a challenging task in a developing country. As Federal Minister for Science & Technology for the last 4 years, he has brought about revolutionary changes in the science & technology and higher education sectors in Pakistan, acknowledged in an editorial in "Nature". As head of a Committee of 57 Ministers of Science (COMSTECH), he has contributed to the uplifting of science in a large number of countries in Africa, Middle East and Central & South Asia." [70] He is also the only scientist from the Muslim world to have been conferred the UNESCO Science Prize in 1999.[71] He has been conferred honorary doctorate degrees by many universities including the degree of Doctor of Science (Sc.D.) by the Cambridge University (UK) (1987) and an Honorary degree of Doctor of Education by Coventry University UK in November 2007. He was elected Honorary Life Fellow of King's College, Cambridge University, UK in 2007. Rahman was conferred the TWAS Prize for Institution Building in Durban, South Africa in October 2009 in recognition of his contributions bringing about revolutionary changes in the higher education sector in Pakistan.[72] He was awarded the Engro Excellence Award in Science & Technology 2011 with a prize of Rs. 5 million (US $59,000) for meritorious contributions.[73] He proceeded to use the money, in addition to funds from his private finances, to establish a research center on Genomics in Karachi University named after his father Jamil-ur-Rahman,[74] and to start a TWAS Prize in Chemistry for deserving young researchers from developing countries that has been instituted by TWAS, The World Academy of Sciences, Trieste, Italy.[68] He received the highest national award for foreigners, the "Friendship Award" by the government of China in 2014[9]

He is President of Network of Academies of Sciences of Islamic Countries (NASIC) and the former Vice-President (Central & South Asia) of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) Council, and Foreign Fellow of Korean Academy of Sciences. Rahman was the President of the Pakistan Academy of Sciences (2003–06), and was again elected President of Pakistan Academy of Sciences in January 2011. He has been appointed as Co-Chairman of Science, Technology and Innovation Committee of United Nations Economic Social Commission for Asia and Pacific.[10] Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman was inducted as Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences on 28 May 2018, a unique honour for a scientist from the Muslim world.[75]

National awards[edit]

In recognition of his eminent contributions in the field of organic chemistry, he has been conferred with many civil awards, including:

International awards[edit]

Fellowships[edit]

Research activities[edit]

  • Editor-in-Chief/Executive Editor of following international journals:[citation needed]
    • Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry (Netherlands)
    • Current Medicinal Chemistry (Netherlands)
    • Current Pharmaceutical Design (Netherlands)(Founding Editor)
    • Current Organic Chemistry (Netherlands)
    • Combinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening (Netherlands)
    • Current Organic Synthesis (Netherlands)
    • Current Nanoscience
    • Letters in Organic Chemistry (Netherlands)
    • Medicinal Chemistry
    • Nanoscience and Nanotechnology-Asia
    • Current Organic Chemistry
    • Natural Product Research (Founding Editor, UK)
    • Current Pharmaceutical Analysis
    • Current Analytical Chemistry
  • Editor of an encyclopedic series of books on natural product chemistry, Studies in Natural Product Chemistry, 52 volumes of which have been published by Elsevier Science Publishers under his Editorship since 1990.
  • Co-Editor of book series, Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry
  • Director of H.E.J. Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi
  • Patron-in-Chief of the International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences, University of Karachi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Higher Education Past, Present and Future". MIT Technology Review Pakistan. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  2. ^ APP (7 March 2016). "Dr Atta to head UN committee on science, technology and Innovation for UNESCAP". Retrieved 7 March 2016.
  3. ^ a b "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences | University Of Karachi". www.iccs.edu. Archived from the original on 18 April 2016. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  4. ^ "DR. ATTA-UR-RAHMAN GRACES 'MEET THE SCIENTIST' PROGRAMME AT NUST". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  5. ^ https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=mgZMEE0AAAAJ&hl=en
  6. ^ Editorial in Nature, 427, 379 (29 January 2004)
  7. ^ a b http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/SC/pdf/Flyer-Lecture_Pakistan_WSD14.pdf
  8. ^ "PROF. DR. ATTA-UR-RAHMAN, FRS CV" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Dr Atta-ur-Rahman honoured". 17 September 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "Dr Atta to head UN committee on science, technology". 7 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Pakistani to Head UN Science, Tech and Innovation Committee". 28 March 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Choudhary, Muhammad Iqbal (2013). "Professor Atta-ur-Rahman: Towering scientific achievements". Natural Product Research. 27 (4–5): 298–301. doi:10.1080/14786419.2013.766053. PMID 23473069.
  14. ^ Atta ur Rahman at muslim-science.com
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i staff work. "A Tribute to a Living Legend" (PDF). Arkat Foundation. Retrieved 24 February 2015.
  16. ^ a b c d Staff writer. "Prof Dr Atta-ur-Rahman". Pakistan Herald (Biography). Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Pakistan Academy of Sciences. "Profile of Fellow". Pakistan Academy of Sciences. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h "Atta-ur-Rehman". Atta-ur-Rehman. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
  19. ^ a b http://www.uok.edu.pk/admissions/2015/basr/msmdprospectus.pdf
  20. ^ Biography at the British Council website. Retrieved 26 May 2008
  21. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
  22. ^ Jabri, Parvez (23 December 2013). "CAS to confer International Cooperation Award on Professor Atta-ur-Rehman". Business Recorder. Retrieved 12 June 2014. The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) conferred its most prestigious award for International Cooperation upon Professor Dr. Atta ur Rahman in a ceremony held in Beijing on January 10, 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Chinese Academy of Sciences elects COL Board member Dr Atta-ur-Rahman as first Foreign Member from Muslim world | COL".
  24. ^ a b Voelter, PhD, Wolfgang (6 December 2008). "The golden period". Dawn area studies, 2008. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  25. ^ Voelter, Wolfgang. "The golden period". Dawn ePaper. The golden period, The Dawn, archived from the original on 26 July 2010, retrieved 20 March 2010
  26. ^ The report is available at http://images.info.science.thomsonreuters.biz/Web/ThomsonReutersScience/%7Bdab71dc1-d7d8-48af-88a6-fa7efa61ae22%7D_Pakistan_Citation_Report_FINAL.pdf
  27. ^ a b c Haq, Riaz (8 September 2013). "In Defense of HEC's Key Role in Pakistan's Higher Education". Pakistaniaat, California. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  28. ^ Hayward, Fred M. (Winter 2009).Higher Education Transformation in Pakistan: Political & Economic Instability, International Higher Education Quarterly (54), archived from the original on 27 February 2010, retrieved 20 March 2010
  29. ^ a b Prof Atta-ur-Rahman (3 September 2011). "HEC – why India felt threatened". The News International, 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  30. ^ Rode, Bernd Michael. Letter from Chairman/European Coordinator of ASEA-UNINET published in DAWN today, DildilpakistanWordpress, 29 October 2008, retrieved 10 March 2010
  31. ^ "Home".
  32. ^ "Atta-ur-Rahman School of Applied Biosciences (ASAB)-National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)".
  33. ^ Pak threat to Indian science, Hindustan Times, 23 July 2006, retrieved 19 March 2012
  34. ^ "The News International: Latest News Breaking, Pakistan News". Archived from the original on 19 September 2014. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  35. ^ a b Rehman, Atta (17 November 2010). "HAARP: a US weapon of mass destruction?". Special work by Dr. Atta-ur-Rehman on HAARP program. Dawn newspapers. Dawn newspapers. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  36. ^ a b "HAARP: A US weapon of mass destruction?". 19 November 2010.
  37. ^ a b "Craving Energy and Glory, Pakistan Revels in Boast of Water-Run Car". The New York Times. 4 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  38. ^ "Global Weapon Concerns the EU and Environmentalists (HAARP) [Forum - Recensioner & Tips]".
  39. ^ Hoodbhoy, Pervez (16 November 2010). "Case of bogus science". Dawn. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  40. ^ Hayward, Fred M. (Winter 2009). Higher Education Transformation in Pakistan: Political & Economic Instability, International Higher Education Quarterly (54)
  41. ^ http://archives.dawn.com/weekly/education/archive/081123/education1.htm[permanent dead link]
  42. ^ http://archives.dawn.com/archives/http/dildilpakistan.wordpress.com/tag/dr-atta-ur-rehman/[permanent dead link]
  43. ^ "Report on the environment, security and foreign policy (Hughes procedure) - Committee on Foreign Affairs, Security and Defence Policy - A4-0005/1999".
  44. ^ "CHECK OUT THESE HAARP PATENTS !! >> Four Winds 10 - Truth Winds".
  45. ^ a b "Honorary Fellows". 6 March 2013.
  46. ^ "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences".
  47. ^ "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences".
  48. ^ "Atta-ur-Rahman – Global Knowledge Initiative".
  49. ^ "Federal Ministers".
  50. ^ http://sites.nationalacademies.org/cs/groups/pgasite/documents/webpage/pga_061771.pdf
  51. ^ "Dr. Atta Ur Rehman".
  52. ^ "Prof Atta selected for high-level Unesco panel". 27 July 2011.
  53. ^ "International Center of Chemical and Biological Sciences".
  54. ^ "Pakistan Academy of Science | Former Office Bearers".
  55. ^ "Network of Academies of Sciences in Countries of Organization of Islamic Conference - Nasic".
  56. ^ http://english.cas.cn/bcas/2012_4/201411/P020141121531537837803.pdf
  57. ^ "Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman appointed as Chairman UN STI committee". 6 March 2016.
  58. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 May 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  59. ^ Staff work. "Prof. Atta-ur-Rahman, FRS" (PDF). SUPARCO. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  60. ^ "News Night With Talat Hussain". News Night With Talat Hussain. |access-date= requires |url= (help)
  61. ^ "Kyun". Kyun (in Urdu). 17 July 2012. Awaz Television Network. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  62. ^ "Pak austrian university, haripur, atta ur rahman - Google Search".
  63. ^ "APPOINTMENT OF VICE CHANCELLORS FOR NINE (09) PUBLIC SECTOR UNIVERSITIES, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA. | Higher Education Department".
  64. ^ Nationale Academi. "Atta-ur-Rehman" (PDF). Nationale Academi. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
  65. ^ "Malaysia will establish a center to honor Dr. Atta". 6 March 2011.
  66. ^ "NUST honours Prof Atta-ur-Rahman | Pakistan Today".
  67. ^ http://www.comsats.org/Latest/15thCC_Turkey_Presentations/15thCC_ICCBS-Pakistan.pdf
  68. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  69. ^ "International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences | University of Karachi".
  70. ^ "Atta-Ur Rahman | Royal Society".
  71. ^ UNESCO Science Prize
  72. ^ "TWAS prize for Dr Atta-ur-Rahman". 23 October 2009.
  73. ^ "Engro Excellence Award honours stars of Pakistan". 9 January 2011.
  74. ^ http://pakistan.onepakistan.com.pk/news/education/287137-jamil-ur-rahman-centre-for-genomics-opened-at-ku.html
  75. ^ "Attaur Rehman inducted as 'Academician' of Chinese Academy of Sciences | Pakistan Today".
  76. ^ a b c d Publications, Europa (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. ISBN 9781857432176.
  77. ^ "Dr atta ur rehman". 27 December 2017.
  78. ^ "Dr Atta ur Rahman". 13 May 2017.
  79. ^ http://prideofpakistan.com/detail-who-is-who.php?name=DrAtta-ur-Rahman&id=88
  80. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 January 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  81. ^ "HEC gives title of Distinguished National Professor to four scholars. - Free Online Library".
  82. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 1879. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  83. ^ http://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/ben/coc/2015/00000019/00000002/art00002?crawler=true
  84. ^ "中国化学会荣誉会士" [Chinese Chemical Society Honorary Fellow] (in Chinese). Chinese Chemical Society. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
  85. ^ http://www.cas.cn/tz/201512/t20151207_4488383.shtml 关于公布2015年中国科学院院士增选当选院士名单的公告

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Abdul Qadeer Khan
Science Advisor to the Prime Minister
31 January 2004 – 28 March 2008
Succeeded by
Ishfaq Ahmad