Attachment Unit Interface
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An Attachment Unit Interface (AUI) is a 15 pin connection that provides a path between a node's Ethernet interface and the Medium Attachment Unit (MAU), sometimes known as a transceiver. It is the part of the IEEE Ethernet standard located between the Media Access Control (MAC), and the MAU. An AUI cable may be up to 50 meters long, although frequently the cable is omitted altogether and the MAU and MAC are directly attached to one another.
AUI connectors became rare beginning in the early 1990s when computers and hubs began to incorporate the MAU, particularly as the 10BASE-T standard became more common and use of 10BASE-5 (thicknet) and 10BASE-2 (thinnet) declined. The electrical AUI connection was still present inside the equipment. By the mid-1990s AUI had all but disappeared as Fast Ethernet became more common (Fast Ethernet has an equivalent known as Media Independent Interface, MII). Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet have respectively the GMII and XGMII standards which are equivalent to AUI.
Connector and signals
An AUI connector is a DA-15 (D-subminiature). It has a sliding clip in place of the thumbscrews normally found on a D-connector to hold two connectors together. This clip permits the MAU and MAC to be directly attached to one another even when their size and shape would preclude the use of thumbscrews. This clip is however frequently found to be awkward and/or unreliable.
|3||DO-A||Data Out Circuit A|
|10||DO-B||Data Out Circuit B|
|11||DO-S||Data Out Circuit Shield (not used)|
|5||DI-A||Data In Circuit A|
|12||DI-B||Data In Circuit B|
|4||DI-S||Data In Circuit Shield|
|7||CO-A||Control Out Circuit A (not used)|
|15||CO-B||Control Out Circuit B (not used)|
|8||CO-S||Control Out Circuit Shield (not used)|
|2||CI-A||Control In Circuit A|
|9||CI-B||Control In Circuit B|
|1||CI-S||Control In Circuit Shield|
|6||VC||Voltage Common (0 V)|
|13||VP||Voltage Plus (+12 V)|
|14||VS||Voltage Shield (not used)|
- Media Independent Interface
- Gigabit Media Independent Interface
- 10 Gigabit Media Independent Interface
- Apple Attachment Unit Interface (AAUI)
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- Dan, Knight. "Apple's AAUI Ethernet Connector". Apple's AAUI Ethernet Connector. Retrieved 13 February 2012.