List of attacks on the Ulster Defence Regiment

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This page is a record of notable attacks by paramilitary organisations on Ulster Defence Regiment personnel during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities, or notable firsts:

1971[edit]

1972[edit]

  • 4 March - Captain Marcus McCausland, formerly of D Coy 5 UDR is abducted and killed by the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA). He was the first UDR officer to be killed.[3]
  • 21 September - a member of C Coy, 4 UDR and his wife are shot dead by the Provisional IRA as they watched TV at home near Derrylin.[4]

1974[edit]

  • 10 April - Major George Saunderson (Brevet Lt Col), until the previous year second-in-command of 4 UDR, is killed in the kitchen of the school in Derrylin where he worked by gunmen who then crashed through a Garda checkpoint to escape into the Republic of Ireland.
  • 2 May - attack at the Deanery base of C Coy, 6 UDR in Clogher. Opening fire using mortars then continuing with small arms and rockets, the estimated 40-man IRA team [5] mounted a sustained attack lasting for 20 minutes against the small contingent in the base who reply with rifle fire. During the attack, Private Eva Martin is hit by a rocket fragment. She is the first woman UDR soldier to be killed. Sean O'Callaghan was later convicted of her murder after confessing.[5]
  • 28 October - a bomb attack at the joint 3 UDR and regular army barracks at Ballykinlar destroys the Sandes soldiers canteen on the base, killing two members of the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment.

1991[edit]

  • A mobile patrol from the 2nd Battalion was the subject of the first recorded use of the Mk12 horizontal mortar [6] on 1 March 1991.[7] Two soldiers were killed as a result of the attack. The funeral of one of them, Private Paul Sutcliffe, an Englishman, was held in Barrowford, Lancashire - the only UDR funeral to be held outside Northern Ireland.[7] The second casualty, Private Roger Love, from Portadown died after three days. His kidneys were donated to the NHS.[7]
  • At 11:30 PM on the 31 May 1991 a truck loaded with 2,000 lb (1,100 kg) of a new type of home made explosive was rolled (driverless) down a hill at the rear of the barracks and crashed through the perimeter fence, coming to rest against a corner of the main building.[8][9] The blast left a deep crater[8] and it could be heard over 30 miles away, as far as Dundalk.[9] Three UDR soldiers – Paul Blakely (30), Robert Crozier (46), Sydney Hamilton (44) – were killed and ten were wounded.[9] Four civilians were also wounded.[9] The Provisional IRA claimed responsibility two days later.[9]

Sources[edit]

  • A Testimony to Courage - the Regimental History of the Ulster Defence Regiment 1969 - 1992, Major John Furniss Potter, Pen & Sword Books Ltd, 2001, ISBN 0-85052-819-4
  • The Ulster Defence Regiment - An Instrument of Peace?, Chris Ryder, Methuen 1991, ISBN 0-413-64800-1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sutton Index 1971
  2. ^ A Testimony to Courage - the Regimental History of the Ulster Defence Regiment 1969 - 1992, Major John Furniss Potter, Pen & Sword Books Ltd, 2001, ISBN 0-85052-819-4 (1971)
  3. ^ Sutton Index of Deaths - 1972
  4. ^ A Testimony to Courage - the Regimental History of the Ulster Defence Regiment 1969 - 1992, Major John Furniss Potter, Pen & Sword Books Ltd, 2001, ISBN 0-85052-819-4 (1972)
  5. ^ a b http://www.royal-irish.com/events/first-female-soldier-udr-pte-eva-martin-killed-ira-clogher
  6. ^ McKittrick p565
  7. ^ a b c Potter p350
  8. ^ a b Oppenheimer, A.R. (2009). IRA: The Bombs and the Bullets. Dublin: Irish Academic Press. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-7165-2895-1. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Whitney, Craig. "I.R.A. Says It Planted Truck Bomb That Killed 3". The New York Times, 2 June 1991.