Attard

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Attard
Ħ'Attard
Casal Attard
Local council
Parish Church of St. Mary, Attard
Flag of Attard
Flag
Coat of arms of Attard
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Florigera rosis halo
(I perfume the air with my blossoms)
Attard in Malta.svg
Coordinates: 35°53′34″N 14°26′18″E / 35.89278°N 14.43833°E / 35.89278; 14.43833Coordinates: 35°53′34″N 14°26′18″E / 35.89278°N 14.43833°E / 35.89278; 14.43833
Country  Malta
Region Central Region
District Western District
Borders Balzan, Lija, Mdina, Mosta, Mtarfa, Żebbuġ
Government
 • Mayor Stefan Cordina (PN)
Area
 • Total 6.6 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
Population (March 2014)
 • Total 10,650
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Saraċini
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code ATD
Dialing code 356
ISO 3166 code MT-01
Patron saint Assumption of Mary
Day of festa 15 August
Website Official website
Three Villages of Malta
Attard - Balzan - Lija

Attard (Maltese: Ħ'Attard) is a town in the Central Region of Malta. Together with Balzan and Lija it forms part of "the Three Villages" and has been inhabited since the Classical Period. It has a population of 10,650 as of March 2014.[1] Attard's traditional Latin motto is Florigera rosis halo ("I perfume the air with my blossoms") due to its many flower gardens and citrus orchards. Attard is abundant with public gardens, including ornamental trees and flowers, maintained by the Local Council. The inhabitants of Attard are known as saraċini.

Etymology

The name of 'Attard' is thought to have been derived from a surname assumed to belong to the first person who lived there. It is unclear what the word 'Attard' means. Some say it means blossoms as the word 'Attar' means fresh oil of the flowers or from the Arabic 'Atr' meaning perfume.

Another derivation for the surname is the Italian town of "Atti" in Bologna.[2]

Municipality

Casa Bonavita, historic 18th-century house in Attard, Malta. Scheduled and cultural property.

As a municipality with its own local government structure since 1994, Attard covers a surface area of about seven square kilometers. Its population, including the modern estate of Misraħ Kola and surrounding environs, is around 10,000. It comprises to its North, facing the city of Mdina, the flat expanse called Ta' Qali. Beneath it the area known as Tal-Idward joins with Misraħ Kola, across from Wied San Martin (St Martin's Valley), Wied Inċita (Valley of Instigation) and Wied Irmiedi (Valley of Ashes), on the Żebbuġ side.

Its western front is bordered by Wied is-Sewda (Black Valley), on the Qormi side. To its East, up to Tal-Mirakli (of the Miracles) chapel on the Lija side, is a large zone called Ta' Fġieni bordering the village core and the 17th Century Parish Church of St. Mary at its centre, built by architect Tommaso Dingli. Dingli, born and bred in Attard, is best known for his work on the Wignacourt Aqueduct, Porta Reale (the entrance into Valletta) and several churches. Of these, only Attard's parish church (with its idiosyncratic façade) and the old parish church of Birkirkara remain unaltered. South of the village core is the Sant'Anton Quarter, named for San Anton Palace and the palace's botanic gardens, both built by the Knights between around 1600 and 1625. It is now the official residence of the President of Malta and has long been a symbol of Attard.

Development

A vernacular 17th-century farmhouse in Attard[3][4][5]

During the 1980s Attard experienced a boost in development, reflected in the large-scale construction surrounding the village center. However the area surrounding the church and the Sant'Anton Quarter feature a number of converted farmhouses (recognizable through their wooden doors and flat, rustic roofs) and residences built by the Knights of St John, surrounding the summer palace. Attard is also the location of the St Catherine Nursing Home, one of the largest in the Maltese Islands. The Attard Primary School serves as a polling station during elections and like all other localities in Malta, Attard Local Council elections are held every three years.

An increase in entertainment and commercial enterprise has seen development along Triq il-Pitkalija (Pitkalija Road) and nearby the village center, with various retail outlets catering to the village all within walking distance of St Mary's Parish Church. The village center is a hive of activity, especially on Sundays when residents of Attard mingle with fellow churchgoers.

Attard celebrates the feast of the Assumption of Mary on 15 August. The 15 August is a national holiday on the Maltese islands. The current parish priest is Noel Vassallo.

Clubs and societies

The Malta Amateur Radio League club house is situated in Attard and is the representative body for amateur radio in Malta. Since MARL was established in 1922, its aim was to bring together people interested in amateur radio/electronics and discuss and defend amateur radio matters with the local authorities. It provides educational facilities for members with interest in amateur radio/electronics and also an equipped amateur radio station. MARL corresponds and expresses its ideas with local and foreign same-interest groups, providing its members the facilities of a two-way QSL Bureau as well as financing and maintaining VHF & Analog television repeaters and beacons.

The musical society of La Stella Levantina (Eastern Star) is the first of its kind in the village (formed in 1894). It organizes the major activities of the village feast held during 11–15 August, including band marches and feast decorations. It teaches music (at no cost) in its local club, situated in the center of the village.

Notable residents

The President's official residence, San Anton Palace, is situated in Attard. Within walking distance of the President's residence is the official residence of the United States Ambassador to Malta. The Tunisian embassy to Malta is located in Attard.

Gerald Strickland was also a resident of Attard, at Villa Bologna.

Attard is also home to Archbishop Paul Cremona and Tiffany Pisani, the winner of Britain's Next Top Model season 6.

San Anton Palace

Sant'Anton Palace has greeted numerous knights, and royalties across the centuries, including the Grand Masters of the Order of St John, the Queen Marie of Romania, the Russian Empress Marie Feodorovna, King Edward VII and Queen Elizabeth II. It has seen the most distinguished visitors in contrasting personal situations - Napoleon's younger brother Louis Bonaparte as a prisoner, the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge as an admiring recluse.

Governor Borton opened its botanic gardens to the public in 1882 for picnics and strolls. Its shaded open courtyards and gardens regularly host extremely popular fairs and competitions celebrating plants, flowers, pedigree (and non-pedigree) animals and livestock. A dramatic company put on a Shakespeare Festival every summer (this has since been discontinued) and music recitals, from chamber orchestras to jazz quarters, often patronize the gardens.

During the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2005, hosted by Malta, the President's Palace in Attard served as a residence for Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.

Malta Financial Services Authority

The Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA) has its headquarters in Attard. The MFSA has taken over those supervisory functions that were previously conducted by the Central Bank of Malta, the Malta Stock Exchange and the Malta Financial Services Centre and is now an important regulator for financial services. The sector incorporates all financial activity especially investment, banking and insurance.

Sport

Attard is the home of Attard F.C., currently competing in Malta's Second Division.

References

  1. ^ "Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2014". Government of Malta. 16 May 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Surname Database: Attard Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  3. ^ Zammit Lupi, Darrin (24 February 2016). "House Hunting in ... Malta: A 17th-Century Farmhouse in Malta". New York Times. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  4. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180315185456/http://www.sql.com.mt/real-estate/property-details/house-of-character-in-attard-for-sale-4-bedrooms/19241?Back=%2freal-estate%2ffeatured-property%2flifestyle-property%2f5
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180805212040/http://homes-malta.com/p/house-of-character-for-sale-in-attard-central-sta/

External links