|• Regional Governor||Rena Dourou (Power of Life)|
|• Total||3,808.10 km2 (1,470.32 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||GR-I|
|- Total||€86/ $115 billion|
|- Per capita||€22,000/ $30,000|
very high · 1st
Attica Region (Greek: Περιφέρεια Αττικής, Periféria Attikís; IPA: [atiˈci]) is an administrative region of Greece, that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the country's capital and largest city. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece, but covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.
Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Angistri, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area.
With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region's powers and authority were completely redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region represents the second-level local administration. While being supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Attica, it is now an independent self-governing body with powers and a budget comparable to the former prefectures.
Attica is the only region in Greece with a GDP per capita higher than the average of the European Union. Despite that, the unemployment rate stood at 21.6% in 2017.
Roads and highways
The main roads and highways of Attica are:
- Motorway 1 (Athens-Thessaloniki)
- Motorway 6 (northern beltway of Athens)
- Motorway 8 (Eleusis-Corinth)
- Motorway 62 (Athens Airport link)
- Motorway 64 (eastern beltway of Athens)
- Motorway 65 (western beltway of Athens)
- Motorway 642
- Greek National Road 1 (old road Athens-Thessaloniki)
- Greek National Road 3 (Eleusis-Lamia-Florina)
- Greek National Road 8 (old road Athens-Patras)
- Greek National Road 79
- Greek National Road 83 (Marathonos Avenue)
- Greek National Road 89
- Greek National Road 91
Numerous ferry lines, both normal ferries and the "flying dolphins" (fast sea vessels), connect the port of Piraeus with the islands of the region.
- "Resident Population of Greece - revised". Hellenic Statistical Authority. 30 November 2016.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- "Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
- "Regional Unemployment by NUTS2 Region". Eurostat.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Attica.|
- Official website (in Greek)