Attica (region)

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Attica Region

Περιφέρεια Αττικής
Location of Attica Region
Coordinates: 38°00′N 23°42′E / 38.0°N 23.7°E / 38.0; 23.7Coordinates: 38°00′N 23°42′E / 38.0°N 23.7°E / 38.0; 23.7
Country Greece
Decentralized AdministrationAttica
CapitalAthens
Regional units
Government
 • Regional GovernorRena Dourou (Power of Life)
Area
 • Total3,808.10 km2 (1,470.32 sq mi)
Population
(2011)[1]
 • Total3,828,434
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeGR-I
GDP(nominal)[2]2014
 - Total€86/ $115 billion
 - Per capita€22,000/ $30,000
HDI (2017)0.891[3]
very high · 1st
Websitewww.patt.gov.gr

Attica Region (Greek: Περιφέρεια Αττικής, Periféria Attikís; IPA: [atiˈci]) is an administrative region of Greece, that encompasses the entire metropolitan area of Athens, the country's capital and largest city. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece, but covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.

Overview[edit]

Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometers. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Eleusis, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Angistri, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,750,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area.

Administration[edit]

The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform, and until 2010 it comprised the 4 prefectures of Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica.

With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region's powers and authority were completely redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region represents the second-level local administration. While being supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Attica, it is now an independent self-governing body with powers and a budget comparable to the former prefectures.

The region is subdivided into eight subordinate regional units:[4]

The region's governor is Rena Dourou (SYRIZA), who on 1 September 2014 succeeded Giannis Sgouros following the 2014 local elections.

Electoral districts[edit]

The Attica region consists of five electoral districts: Athens A, Athens B, Piraeus A, Piraeus B and Attica.

Major communities[edit]

Economy[edit]

Attica is the only region in Greece with a GDP per capita higher than the average of the European Union. Despite that, the unemployment rate stood at 21.6% in 2017.[5]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
unemployment rate
(in %)
8.5 7.8 6.7 9.1 12.6 18.0 25.8 28.7 27.3 25.2 23.0 21.6

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The main roads and highways of Attica are:

Ferry lines[edit]

Numerous ferry lines, both normal ferries and the "flying dolphins" (fast sea vessels), connect the port of Piraeus with the islands of the region.

Other[edit]

Sports[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Resident Population of Greece - revised". Hellenic Statistical Authority. 30 November 2016.
  2. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7192292/1-26022016-AP-EN.pdf/602b34e8-abba-439e-b555-4c3cb1dbbe6e
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Regional Unemployment by NUTS2 Region". Eurostat.

External links[edit]