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Attica (region)

Coordinates: 38°00′N 23°42′E / 38.0°N 23.7°E / 38.0; 23.7
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Περιφέρεια Αττικής
Official seal of Attica
Location of Attica
Coordinates: 38°00′N 23°42′E / 38.0°N 23.7°E / 38.0; 23.7
Country Greece
Decentralized AdministrationAttica
Regional units
 • TypeRegional council
 • Regional GovernorNikos Hardalias [el] (New Democracy)
 • Total3,808.1 km2 (1,470.3 sq mi)
 • Total3,814,064
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
 • Total€85.769 billion (2021)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 codeGR-I
NUTS codeEL3
HDI (2021)0.909[3]
very high · 1st of 13

Attica (/ˈætɪkə/ AT-ih-kə; Greek: Περιφέρεια Αττικής, romanizedPeriféria Attikís, [periˈferi.a atiˈcis]) is an administrative region of Greece, that encompasses the entire Athens metropolitan area, the core city of which is the country's capital and largest city, Athens. The region is coextensive with the former Attica Prefecture of Central Greece and covers a greater area than the historical region of Attica.



Located on the eastern edge of Central Greece, Attica covers about 3,808 square kilometres. In addition to Athens, it contains within its area the cities of Elefsina, Megara, Laurium, and Marathon, as well as a small part of the Peloponnese peninsula and the islands of Salamis, Aegina, Angistri, Poros, Hydra, Spetses, Kythira, and Antikythera. About 3,800,000 people live in the region, of whom more than 95% are inhabitants of the Athens metropolitan area. In 2019, Attica had the HDI of 0.912, the highest in Greece.[citation needed]


Head office of the Attica region

The region was established in the 1987 administrative reform, and until 2010 it comprised the 4 prefectures of Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica.

With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the region's powers and authority were completely redefined and extended. Since 1 January 2011, the region represents the second-level local administration. While being supervised by the Decentralized Administration of Attica, it is now an independent self-governing body with powers and a budget comparable to the former prefectures.

The region is subdivided into eight subordinate regional units:[4]

Electoral districts


The Attica region consists of eight electoral districts: Athens A, Athens B1, Athens B2, Athens B3, Piraeus A, Piraeus B, East Attica and West Attica.

Major communities

See also



The region has shrunk by 35,965 people between 2011 and 2021, experiencing a population loss of 0.9%.[1]



The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 87.4 billion € in 2018, accounting for about 47% of the Greek economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 28,000 € or 93% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 99% of the EU average. Attica is the region in Greece with the highest GDP per capita.[5] Despite that, the unemployment rate stood at 21.6% in 2017.[6]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Unemployment rate
(in %)
8.5 7.8 6.7 9.1 12.6 18.0 25.8 28.7 27.3 25.2 23.0 21.6



Roads and highways


The main roads and highways of Attica are:

Ferry lines


Numerous ferry lines, both normal ferries and high speed vessels, connect the port of Piraeus, with the islands of the region.






  1. ^ a b "Census 2021 GR" (PDF) (Press release). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 2022-07-19. Retrieved 2022-09-12.
  2. ^ "Population on 1 January by age, sex and NUTS 2 region", www.ec.europa.eu
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  5. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  6. ^ "Regional Unemployment by NUTS2 Region". Eurostat.