Attila the Hun in popular culture

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Attila the Hun has had many depictions in popular culture. Many of these depictions either portray him as a great ruler or a ruthless conqueror. Attila has also appeared in numerous German and Norse epics, under the names Etzel and Atli, both with completely different personas. His sudden death remains a fascinating unsolved mystery.[1]

Epic poetry[edit]

  • Attila is briefly mentioned in the Italian epic The Divine Comedy in the outer ring of the seventh circle of the Inferno (Inferno XII 133-138) in which Dante describes Attila as the "scourge of the earth", charging him with the destruction of Florence. However this is a blunder by Dante, who confuses Attila with the Ostrogothic King and Warlord, Totila[2]

Historical fiction[edit]

  • Hungarian poet János Arany wrote an epic poem about Attila and his brother Bleda called Buda halála (The Death of King Buda) which is part of a larger work titled A Csaba-trilógia (The Csaba Trilogy).
  • Burgess, Anthony. This British writer wrote a biographical novella about Attila entitled Hun which was published in the story collection The Devil's Mode (1989).
  • Costain, Thomas. (1959) The Darkness and Dawn is written from the point of view of Nicolan, carried into slavery from his home on the Danube and after many adventures becoming Attila's aide – but also becoming romantically involved with the beautiful Ildico, which is quite dangerous.
  • Dahn, Felix. Attila (1834–1912), historical novel, 1939, Full-Text online (German)
  • Dietrich, William. (2005) The Scourge of God: A Novel of the Roman Empire (HarperTorch, ISBN 978-0-06-073508-1) Set in the final days of the Roman Empire, Dietrich's fifth novel follows the attempt of Attila the Hun to conquer the West.
  • Ford, Michael Curtis (2005) The Sword of Attila: A Novel of the Last Years of Rome St. Martin's ISBN 978-0-312-93915-1.
  • Hungarian Géza Gárdonyi's novel A láthatatlan ember (1901) (published in English as Slave of the Huns and largely based on Priscus) offered a sympathetic portrait of Attila as a wise and beloved leader. This reflects the positive way in which Attila, his last wife Ildikó and his brother Bleda are viewed in Hungary and Turkey.
  • The Death of Attila by Cecelia Holland (1973) takes place in 453, with the tensions and uncertainty of Attila's last year being the background for an unlikely friendship between Tacs, a young, ne'er-do-well Hunnish warrior, and Dietric, son of a Germanic subject king.
  • Attila is a powerful and charismatic figure in William Napier's ongoing trilogy, Attila
  • Paty, Little. (2003) Secret of Attila is a fictional account of the fall of the Huns based on the lives of Attila's offspring.
  • Seredy, Kate wrote the novel The White Stag, the Newbery Medal winning book of 1938, which is a retelling of the legend of the rise of Attila the Hun written in lyric prose.
  • Stephan Grundy included Attila in his novel Rhinegold, a retelling of the entire Sigurð cycle.

Other fiction[edit]

  • Count Dracula in Bram Stoker's novel Dracula claims to be descended from Attila: "What devil or what witch was ever so great as Attila, whose blood is in these veins?"
  • R.K. Narayan's Malgudi Days has a chapter on a mongrel dog named after Attila, King of the Huns.
  • Wess Roberts has used Attila as a fictional mouthpiece for his thoughts on management, "Leadership Secrets of Attila the Hun" and "Victory Secrets of Attila the Hun".
  • The plot of Clive Cussler's 2012 thriller, The Tombs, revolves around a fictional race to discover Attila the Hun's tomb and multiple caches of secret treasure, between competing groups of treasure-hunters/archaeologists and an eastern European crime syndicate.
  • In Poul Anderson's novel "The Dancer from Atlantis", four time-travelers from different periods are accidentally thrown together. When the American protagonist finds that one of his fellow castaways is a Hunnish warrior, he asks him about Attila - but the Hun is from an earlier period, and had never heard the name.

Film and television[edit]

  • A TV miniseries, Attila, which was produced in 2000 and was broadcast in 2001, stars Gerard Butler as Attila and Powers Boothe as Flavius Aëtius. Directed by Dick Lowry and written by Robert Cochran. Winner of 2002 ASC award and nominated for 2 Golden Reel awards.
  • In an episode of "The Dick Van Dyke Show", Rob Petrie sings:
"I'm in love, I'm in love with Attila the Hun,
Attila the Hun, Attila the Hun!
Though he'll pillage a village and kill everyone,
I still love Attila the Hun
Attila the Hun, Attila the Hun
I still love Attila the Hun!"
  • Anthony Quinn played the title role in Attila, a 1954 Franco-Italian film, co-starring Sophia Loren as Honoria.
  • Attila was portrayed by Jack Palance in Douglas Sirk's Sign of the Pagan (1954).
  • In the Garfield and Friends episode Fine-Feathered Funny Man, Roy dresses up as a warrior with fake arrows pretending to have been speared and lies to Wade the Duck that Attila the Hun is coming. Wade the Duck stated that Attila the Hun was dead for 1500 years, then Roy states that's what he wants them to believe. Wade then panics and runs for his life with Roy laughing.
  • One episode of BBC's docudrama Heroes and Villains features Attila.
  • Patrick Gallagher played Attila in the 2006 movie Night at the Museum, as a misunderstood and abused man looking for someone to reach out to. In the film he appears to be of Asian ancestry, having more in common with the Mongols than the actual Huns, and it's possible that the character may have originally been written to be Genghis Khan. Gallagher reprised the role in the sequels, Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian in 2009 and Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb in 2014.
  • Monty Python in one episode, presented a parody of a sitcom entitled, The Attila the Hun Show! and later an animated Attila the Bun Show.
  • Attila the Hun appeared in an episode of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius, when Carl mistakenly brought him back instead of a Swedish poet as he intended to. In this series, he is voiced by Jim Cummings.
  • Simpsons Roasting on an Open Fire, Bart mentions Attila towards the end of the song Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer. Homer attacks him for doing so.
  • Attila the Hun appeared in an episode of Johnny Test, who was brought by Johnny and Dukey to help the weakest hockey team, The Porkbelly Ice Pigs, along with a caveman, vikings, a Mongolian warrior, and a knight.
  • In the movie a.w.o.l, Jean-Claude Van Damme's final opponent is a huge fighter named Attila, who is played by Abdel Qissi. Attila is not only a large fighter, he is known for first toying with his opponents, then tearing them apart ruthlessly.
  • In the episode Kif Gets Knocked Up a Notch of Futurama, Attila was one of several simulations of evil characters accidentally brought to life (others included Jack the Ripper and Professor Moriarty).
  • In the anime Pokémon, two members of Team Rocket are named Attila and Hun.
  • The History Channel's Ancients Behaving Badly episode Attila the Hun (History Channel, A&E Television Networks, original airdate 2009-11-13) features Attila, naming him "history's first great terrorist" interested only in "naked power and money", "creating nothing, building nothing" and scoring the highest (worst) score on the show's "psycho-meter", finding Attila one of the greatest psychopaths in history.
  • The second episode of season two of Spike TV's Deadliest Warrior, which features computer simulated battles between historical warriors, features Attila the Hun versus Alexander the Great, in which Attila defeated Alexander, winning 596 fights out of 1000.
  • One of the Punk Frogs in the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon was named Atila the Frog.
  • The villain of Superman III, Ross Webster, attributes the following quote to Attila the Hun, "It is not enough that I succeed. [But] everyone else must fail."
  • Attila the hun appeared in the episode "Damn Bundys" of the television show Married... with Children in which he played football for the devil's team.
  • Attila makes a few appearances in the French series Kaamelott, in which he attempts to ransom King Arthur for British gold. In the series, Arthur encounters Attila expecting to meet the bloodthirsty conqueror everyone is afraid of, but instead faces a short, nervous, comically naïve warrior commanding an army of two (including himself), who always gets persuaded out of Britain without a fight. Interestingly, this version of Attila, played by Vietnamese actor Lan Truong, is depicted as Eastern Asian, including a fake Chinese accent.

Music[edit]

  • In 1812 Beethoven intended to compose an opera about Attila and approached August von Kotzebue to write the libretto. This plan was, however, never implemented.
  • In 1846 Giuseppe Verdi did compose an opera, Attila, based on the play Attila, König der Hunnen ("Attila, King of the Huns") by Zacharias Werner.
  • In 1981, American progressive-jazz-rock group Dixie Dregs released Unsung Heroes, voted best guitar album of 1981 by the readers of Guitar Player magazine. Track 6 is called "Attila the Hun".
  • In 1993, Hungarian musician Levente Szörényi premiered his rock opera titled Attila-Isten kardja ("Attila, Sword of God").
  • The 1994 debut album of the Norwegian black metal band Dimmu Borgir has a song entitled "Hunnerkongens Sorgsvarde Ferd Over Steppene" ("The King of the Huns' Sorrowful Black Journey Across the Steppes" in English). The song, as the title suggests, is about Attila.
  • In the song "Say What You Say" by Eminem, from his 2002 album The Eminem Show:

"When I was little I knew I would / blow up and sell a mil' or / grow up to be Atilla, / go nuts and be a killa."

Comics[edit]

  • BD series Attila... mon amour of Franck Bonnet published in six albums by Glénat from 1998 to 2003 is the story of a relationship between Attila and the fictional feral woman Luva.[3]
  • The syndicated comic strip Hägar the Horrible features Attila as an occasional rival to main character Hägar.
  • The comic strip witch Broom Hilda is Attila's ex-wife.
  • In Fawcett Comics, one of the four historical villains the Captain Marvel villain Ibac gets his powers from are Attila, who gives him fierceness. Attila appears in Ibac's first appearance where Lucifer summons up the beings that give Ibac power. In another story he is in a limbo-like state with the other three villains and is able to telepathically communicate with Ibac and take away his powers when he fails. In an earlier story the mad scientist Doctor Sivana brings Attila back to life using a reincarnation machine, but sends Attila back with Cap's help when Attila tries to take over from him. Here Attila is shown as possessing superhuman strength, able to break three men's necks with a single blow.
  • In All-Star Comics #38 he is one of a group of historical villains who are committing murders and battle the Justice Society of America, Attila murders Johnny Thunder. They are revealed to all be a wax museum guard in disguise, who is killed at the end when he falls into a vat of hot wax.
  • In Leading Comics #3 he is one of five historical tyrants summoned up by Doctor Doome to steal materials to power his time machine and send him into the Future. He tries to steal Tantalum in South Dakota, but is defeated by the Vigilante (comics) and returns to his own time.
  • The Far Side depicts a vagrant who is nearly assaulted by soldiers from upon high on the castle walls. The comic captures the man at a moment of panicked explanation in which he says "No, No....I'm Al Tilly, The Bum."
  • In the Turkish comic named Tarkan, the character Tarkan is Attila's raider. Attila appears here as a supporting character. This comic was later filmed in a series of Turkish movies, which starred Kartal Tibet as Tarkan.
  • IDW Teenage Mutant NInja Turtles, Arnold Casey Jones Sr. who formed the Purple Dragon gang was nickname Attila the Hun or just Hun.

Toys[edit]

Games[edit]

Politics[edit]

  1. ^ Babcock, Michael A. (July 5, 2005). The Night Attila Died: Solving the Murder of Attila the Hun (Hardcover) (1st ed.). Berkley Books. ISBN 978-0-425-20272-2.
  2. ^ Dante's Inferno a Verse Translation by Robert and Jean Hollander Page. 235
  3. ^ Attila... mon amour - Bédétheque