Attorney General of California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Attorney General of California
CA-DOJ-LOGO.png
Seal of the Attorney General of California
Xavier Becerra official portrait (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Xavier Becerra

since January 24, 2017
Department of Justice
StyleThe Honorable
Term lengthFour years, two term limit
Inaugural holderEdward J. C. Kewen
1849
FormationCalifornia Constitution
Salary$151,127
Websiteoag.ca.gov

The Attorney General of California is the state attorney general of the Government of California. The officer's duty is to ensure that "the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced" (Constitution of California, Article V, Section 13.) The Attorney General carries out the responsibilities of the office through the California Department of Justice. The Department employs over 1,100 attorneys and 3,700 non-attorney employees.

The California Attorney General is elected to a four-year term, with a maximum of two terms. The election is held at the same statewide election as the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Controller, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and Insurance Commissioner.

Duties[edit]

The California Attorney General's main office in Sacramento is housed in this building

According to the state Constitution, California Code of Civil Procedure, and the California Government Code, the Attorney General:

  • As the state’s chief law officer, ensures that the laws of the state are uniformly and adequately enforced.[1]
  • Heads the Department of Justice, which is responsible for providing state legal services and support for local law enforcement.[2]
  • Acts as the chief counsel in state litigation.[3]
  • Oversees law enforcement agencies, including District Attorneys and Sheriffs.[1]

History[edit]

Although the office of Attorney General dates to the admission of California to the Union, the office in its modern form dates to Proposition 4 of 1934,[4] sponsored by Alameda County District Attorney Earl Warren as one of four initiatives he sponsored to substantially reform law enforcement and the judiciary. Previously, the attorney general lacked jurisdiction over matters in the jurisdiction of locally elected district attorneys and sheriffs.[5] Warren went on to become Attorney General himself in 1938 where he reorganized state's law enforcement into districts.

List of attorneys general from California[edit]

# Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Edward J. C. Kewen 1849 1850 Democratic
2 James A. McDougall 1850 1851 Democratic
3 S. Clinton Hastings 1852 1854 Democratic
4 William M. Stewart
Acting
1854 1854 Democratic
5 John R. McConnell 1854 1856 Democratic
6 William T. Wallace 1856 1858 American
7 Thomas H. Williams 1858 1862 Democratic
8 Frank M. Pixley 1862 1863 Republican
9 John G. McCullough 1863 1867 Union
10 Jo Hamilton 1867 1871 Democratic
11 John Lord Love 1871 1875 Republican
12 Jo Hamilton 1875 1880 Democratic
13 Augustus L. Hart 1880 1883 Republican
14 Edward C. Marshall 1883 1887 Democratic
15 George A. Johnson 1887 1891 Democratic
16 William H. H. Hart 1891 1895 Republican
17 William F. Fitzgerald 1895 1899 Republican
18 Tirey L. Ford 1899 1902 Republican
19 Ulysses S. Webb 1902 1939 Republican
20 Earl Warren 1939 1943 Republican
21 Robert W. Kenny 1943 1947 Democratic
22 Frederick N. Howser 1947 1951 Republican
23 Pat Brown 1951 1959 Democratic
24 Stanley Mosk 1959 1964 Democratic
25 Thomas C. Lynch 1964 1971 Democratic
26 Evelle J. Younger 1971 1979 Republican
27 George Deukmejian 1979 1983 Republican
28 John Van de Kamp 1983 1991 Democratic
29 Dan Lungren 1991 1999 Republican
30 Bill Lockyer 1999 2007 Democratic
31 Jerry Brown 2007 2011 Democratic
32 Kamala Harris 2011 2017 Democratic
Kathleen Kenealy
Acting
2017 2017 Democratic
33 Xavier Becerra 2017 present Democratic
Major other offices held

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b California Constitution, Article V, Section 13 Archived January 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ California Government Code §15000
  3. ^ California Code of Civil Procedure §401
  4. ^ "History of Initiative and Referendum in California". Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  5. ^ "Proposition 4 (1934)".

External links[edit]