November 5, 1965 |
Brooklyn, New York, US
Atul Gawande (born November 5, 1965) is an American surgeon, writer, and public health researcher. He practices general and endocrine surgery at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts. He is also a professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and the Samuel O. Thier Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School. In public health, he is executive director of Ariadne Labs, a joint center for health systems innovation, and also chairman of Lifebox, a nonprofit that works on reducing deaths in surgery globally.
Early years and education
Gawande was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Indian immigrants to the United States, both doctors. His family soon moved to Athens, Ohio, where he and his sister grew up, and he graduated from Athens High School in 1983.
Gawande earned an undergraduate degree in biology and political science from Stanford University in 1987. As a Rhodes Scholar, he earned an M.A. in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) from Balliol College, Oxford in 1989. He graduated with a Doctor of Medicine from Harvard Medical School in 1995, and earned a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health in 1999. He completed his general surgical residency training again at Harvard from 1995 to 2003.
As an undergraduate, Gawande was a volunteer for Gary Hart's campaign. After graduating, he joined Al Gore's 1988 presidential campaign. He worked as a health-care researcher for Rep. Jim Cooper (D-TN), who was author of a "managed competition" health care proposal for the Conservative Democratic Forum. He entered medical school in 1990, but left after two years to become Bill Clinton's healthcare lieutenant during the 1992 campaign; he later became a senior adviser in the Department of Health and Human Services after Clinton's inauguration. He directed one of the three committees of the Clinton Health Care Task Force, supervising 75 people and defined the benefits packages for Americans and subsidies and requirements for employers. He returned to medical school in 1993 and earned a medical degree in 1995.
Soon after he began his residency, his friend Jacob Weisberg, editor of Slate, asked him to contribute to the online magazine. His pieces on the life of a surgical resident caught the eye of The New Yorker which published several pieces by him before making him a staff writer in 1998.
A June 2009 New Yorker essay by Gawande compared the health care of two towns in Texas to show why health care was more expensive in one town compared to the other. Using the town of McAllen, Texas, as an example, it argued that a corporate, profit-maximizing culture (which can provide substantial amounts of unnecessary care) was an important factor in driving up costs, unlike a culture of low-cost high-quality care as provided by the Mayo Clinic and other efficient health systems.
The article "made waves" and was cited by President Barack Obama during Obama's attempt to get health care reform legislation passed by the United States Congress. According to Senator Ron Wyden, the article "affected [Obama's] thinking dramatically", and was shown to a group of senators by Obama, who effectively said, "This is what we've got to fix." After reading the New Yorker article, Warren Buffett's long-time business partner Charlie Munger mailed a check to Gawande in the amount of $20,000 as a thank-you to Dr. Gawande for providing something so socially useful. Gawande donated the $20,000 to the Brigham and Women's Hospital Center for Surgery and Public Health.
In addition to his popular writing, Gawande has published studies on topics including military surgery techniques and error in medicine, included in the New England Journal of Medicine. He is also the director of the World Health Organization's Global Patient Safety Challenge. His essays have appeared in The Best American Essays 2003, The Best American Science Writing 2002, The Best American Science Writing 2009 and Best American Science and Nature Writing 2011.
His second book, Better: A Surgeon's Notes on Performance, was released in April 2007. It discusses three virtues that Gawande considers to be most important for success in medicine: diligence, doing right, and ingenuity. Gawande offers examples in the book of people who have embodied these virtues. The book strives to present multiple sides of contentious medical issues, such as malpractice law in the US, physicians' role in capital punishment, and treatment variation between hospitals.
Gawande released his third book, The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right, in 2009. It discusses the importance of organization and pre-planning (such as thorough checklists) in both medicine and the larger world. The Checklist Manifesto reached the New York Times hardcover nonfiction bestseller list in 2010.
Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End was released in October 2014. It discusses end of life choices about assisted living and the effect of medical procedures on terminally ill people, and challenges many traditionally held notions about the role of medicine. The book was the basis of a documentary for the PBS television series "Frontline" and was first broadcast on February 10, 2015.
Awards and honors
In 2006, Gawande was named a MacArthur Fellow for his work investigating and articulating modern surgical practices and medical ethics. In 2007, he became director of the World Health Organization's effort to reduce surgical deaths, and in 2009 he was elected a Hastings Center Fellow.
In 2004, he was named one of the 20 Most Influential South Asians by Newsweek. In the 2010 Time 100, he was included (fifth place) in Thinkers Category. Also in 2010, he was named by Foreign Policy magazine to its list of top global thinkers.
- Dr Atul Gawande – 2014 Reith Lectures. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved October 18, 2014.
- "About". Atul Gawande. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- "Atul Gawande on the Secrets of a Puzzle-Filled Career". Medscape. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- "AHS alum a national player in medical arena". The Athens NEWS. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- "Accomplished Alumni – School of Humanities and Sciences". humsci.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- "Atul Gawande – Ariadne Labs". www.ariadnelabs.org. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
- "Home | Atul Gawande | Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health". www.hsph.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- Horvitz, Paul F. (May 30, 1994). "Former Policymaker Opts for Hands-On Health Care". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- "Humane Endeavor". Guernica / A Magazine of Art & Politics. Retrieved 2015-12-03.
- "The Cost Conundrum". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- Bryant Furlow (October 2009). "US reimbursement systems encourage fraud and overutilisation". The Lancet Oncology. 10 (10): 937–938. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(09)70297-9. PMID 19810157.
- Pear, Robert (June 8, 2009). "Health Care Spending Disparities Stir a Fight". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "New Yorker Writer Gets $20,000 Check From Warren Buffett's Partner". Business Insider. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "Atul Gawande, New Yorker Writer: I Didn't Accept Warren Buffett's Partner's $20,000 Check". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "How do we heal medicine?". www.ted.com. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- Gawande, Atul. "About Atul Gawande". Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Hardcover Nonfiction Books – Best Sellers". The New York Times. March 7, 2010. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- Fink, Sheri (November 6, 2014). "Atul Gawande's 'Being Mortal'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-12-04.
- "Atul Gawande – MacArthur Foundation". www.macfound.org. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "Q&A with Atul Gawande, Part 2" H&HN. June 30, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2011.
- "The Hastings Center". www.thehastingscenter.org. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "Power and Influence". Newsweek. March 22, 2004. Retrieved February 3, 2010.
- "The 2010 Time 100: Atul Gawande". April 29, 2010.
- "The FP Top 100 Global Thinkers". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "Why Do Doctors Fail?, Dr Atul Gawande: The Future of Medicine, The Reith Lectures – BBC Radio 4". BBC. Retrieved 2015-12-06.
- "Surgeon and writer Atul Gawande awarded Lewis Thomas Prize | Newswire". Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- "The Unlikely Writer". Harvard Magazine. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- Ariadne Labs
- Atul Gawande's articles for Slate
- SAJAforum coverage of MacArthur announcement
- SAJAforum 2007 Q&A with Gawande on publication of new book
- Book review of Better at Letters On Pages
- Charlie Rose – interviews 2007–2010
- The Daily Show – guest on February 3, 2010
- Dr. Atul Gawande on Real Healthcare Reform and His New Book, The Checklist Manifesto – video report by Democracy Now!
- Atul Gawande at TED
- Appearances on C-SPAN