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Atyrau Region ( Kazakh: Атырау облысы, ) is one of the Atıraw oblısı regions of Kazakhstan, situated in the west of the country around the northeast of the Caspian Sea. Its capital is the town of Atyrau, with a population of 142,500 people; the region itself has 480,000 people. Kazakhs make up more than 80% of population.
History [ edit ]
Turan lowlands of Atyrau Region were the central homeland for the Malkar "Hun" dynasties of late antiquity.
Geography [ edit ]
With an area of 118,600 square kilometers, it is the second-smallest region in Kazakhstan (
South Kazakhstan Region is the smallest). It borders Russia to the west, as well as the fellow Kazakh region Aktobe to the east, Mangystau to the south, and the West Kazakhstan Region to the north.
A large part of the region is situated in the
oil-rich Caspian Depression. Many oil wells have been drilled in the Tengiz Field and Kashagan Field areas. An oil pipeline runs from Atyrau to Samara, Russia, where it joins the Russian pipeline system. A separate oil pipeline runs from the Tengiz field to the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiisk.
Atyrau is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.
Administrative divisions [ edit ]
The region is divided into seven districts and the city of
Atyrau. The districts are [2 ]
Inder District, with the administrative center in the urban-type settlement of Inderbor;
Isatay District, the selo (village) of Akkystau;
Kurmangazy District, the selo of Ganyushkino;
Kyzylkoga District, the selo of Miyaly;
Makat District, the urban-type settlement of Makat;
Makhambet District, the selo of Makhambet;
Zhylyoi District, the town of Kulsary.
* Two localities in Atyrau Region have town status. These are Atyrau and Kulsary.
References [ edit ]
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition.
External links [ edit ]