Au (Schwarzwald)

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Au
Au-breisgau-blick-nach-frei.jpg
Coat of arms of Au
Coat of arms
Au  is located in Germany
Au
Au
Coordinates: 47°57′N 7°50′E / 47.950°N 7.833°E / 47.950; 7.833Coordinates: 47°57′N 7°50′E / 47.950°N 7.833°E / 47.950; 7.833
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
Government
 • Mayor Jörg Kindel
Area
 • Total 3.99 km2 (1.54 sq mi)
Elevation 285-643 m (−1,825 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,402
 • Density 350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 79280
Dialling codes 0761
Vehicle registration FR
Website VWG Hexental

Au is a municipality in Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located a few kilometres south of Freiburg im Breisgau, in the south-western part of Baden-Württemberg. The municipality belongs to the administrative region of Hexental based in the neighbouring town of Merzhausen.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Au lies in the northern part of Hexental between Schönberg in the west and Black Forest to the east.

Local communities[edit]

The village of Au, Schönberg, Hof and the Hägenhof houses, and the Burghöfe, Finsterbach, Hasgelhöfe, Heimbachof, Kaischenhof, Kopfackerhof and Schwabenhöfe all belong to the municipality of Au. In the local area, there also are the abandoned village of Witraha and the abandoned castle of Obhusen. The naming of the place Niderhusun in 861, probably refers to Niederhausen, a place in the municipality of Rheinhausen (Breisgau) in the district of Emmendingen.[2]

Neighbouring communities[edit]

Neighbouring communities include Horben in the southeast, Wittnau, Baden-Württemberg in the southwest, Ebringen in the west and Merzhausen in the north, as well as Freiburg im Breisgau to the east. All of these communities are in the district of Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald.

Geology[edit]

The Upper Rhine Plain fault line runs through Au. The Schönberg side is shaped by the remains of large landslides.

History[edit]

Au was firstly recorded in print by the Cloister of St Gallen in 861. In the Middle Ages, there was very likely a castle, but the remains no longer exist. The name "Burghöfen" makes this assumption more likely. In the Thirty Years' War, Au was the battleground for the Battle of Freiburg for two days.

Politics[edit]

After the local elections on the 25th May, 2014, the following results came in. The turnout was at 68.9%, up from 2009 (68.4%)

Christian Democratic Union of Germany 34.4% -6.1 3 Seats -1
Wählervereinigung Au 36% +4.7 4 Seats +1
WBU* 29.6% -3.3 3 Seats =0

*Wählergemeinschaft für Bürgernähe und Umweltschutz

Mayors[edit]

  • 1980-2003: Elmar Bitzenhofer
  • Since 2004: Jörg Kindel

Economy and Infrastructure[edit]

Economy[edit]

Because almost half of the local land is agriculturally useful, the economic sector still plays a significant role. Among that, the local area also makes wine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band IV: Regierungsbezirk Freiburg Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-007174-2. S. 134