Au Sable River (Michigan)

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Au Sable River
Ausablerivermap.png
Map of the Au Sable River
Country United States
Physical characteristics
Main source Frederic Township, Crawford County, Michigan
River mouth Lake Huron at Au Sable, Michigan
581 ft (177 m)[1]
Length 138 miles (222 km)
Type Scenic
Designated October 4, 1984
Canoes along the Au Sable River
The Au Sable River Queen, the only paddlewheel river boat operating in northern Michigan

The Au Sable River in Michigan, United States runs approximately 138 miles (222 km)[2] through the northern Lower Peninsula, through the towns of Grayling and Mio, and enters Lake Huron at Au Sable. It is considered one of the best brown trout fisheries east of the Rockies[3] and has been designated a blue ribbon trout stream by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.[4] In French, au sable literally means "at the sand." A 1795 map calls it the Beauais River.

Description[edit]

The Au Sable has a drainage basin of 1,932 square miles (5,000 km2)[5] and an average flow of 1,100 ft3/s (31 m3/s) at its mouth.[6] The river drops 650 feet (200 m) from its source at the junction of Kolka and Bradford Creeks.[6]

The main stream of the river is formed at 44°48′21″N 84°45′29″W / 44.80583°N 84.75806°W / 44.80583; -84.75806 (Au Sable River (source))[1] in Frederic Township in Crawford County by the confluence of Kolke[7] and Bradford Creeks,[8] which both rise in Otsego County. The river flows south then turns east through Grayling, where it is joined by the East Branch Au Sable River at 44°39′55″N 84°42′13″W / 44.66528°N 84.70361°W / 44.66528; -84.70361 (East Branch Au Sable River (mouth)). The East Branch rises in Lovells Township, Crawford County at 44°49′46″N 84°35′59″W / 44.82944°N 84.59972°W / 44.82944; -84.59972 (East Branch Au Sable River (source)).[9]

The Au Sable continues eastward and is joined by the South Branch Au Sable River at 44°39′23″N 84°28′06″W / 44.65639°N 84.46833°W / 44.65639; -84.46833 (South Branch Au Sable River (mouth)) in South Branch Township. The South Branch rises out of Lake St. Helen in Richfield Township, Roscommon County at 44°22′54″N 84°26′38″W / 44.38167°N 84.44389°W / 44.38167; -84.44389 (South Branch Au Sable River (source))[10] and flows northwest into Roscommon then northeast to the main branch of the Au Sable. The North Branch Au Sable River joins within approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) in eastern Crawford County at 44°40′14″N 84°22′51″W / 44.67056°N 84.38083°W / 44.67056; -84.38083 (North Branch Au Sable River (mouth)) near the boundary with Oscoda County. The North Branch rises in Bagley Township, Otsego County, near Lake Otsego.[11]

The Au Sable then flows mostly east through Oscoda County, then south and east through Alcona County and Iosco County. The river's watershed also drains portions of Montmorency County and Ogemaw County.

Most of the main branch of the Au Sable flows through or adjacent to the Huron-Manistee National Forest. 23 miles (37 km) of the river, from the Mio Pond downstream to the Alcona Pond, was designated as a National Wild and Scenic River on October 4, 1984. The watershed provides habitat for bald eagles and the endangered Kirtland's warbler. Five percent of the land in the watershed is National Forest and 29% is state forest.

It is a designated trout stream, and many canoe liveries exist along the river, which offer canoe trips from a few hours to as long as a week. The river was originally a grayling fishery with brook trout being released in the 1880s. By 1908 the grayling were gone although they were reintroduced in 1987. (See Grayling, Michigan for more information on the Grayling and the fish hatchery.) Brown trout is the current main catch. The Lumberman's Monument, in honor of the lumberjacks that first populated the area, is located on the river about 15 miles (24 km) west of Oscoda. Lumbering along the river began in the 1860s and was finished by the 1910s.

The Au Sable River is also the site of a yearly 120-mile (190 km) pro-am canoe race, the Au Sable River Canoe Marathon, which begins at 9:00 p.m. and runs through the night into the next day. Winning times have ranged from 14 to 21 hours. The race was first run in 1947.

River Road, running parallel with the Au Sable River, is a designated National Scenic Byway.

There are six hydro-electric power plants in the Au Sable River basin, with a total installed capacity of 41 MW and an average annual energy output of 500 GJ. The six reservoirs were constructed between 1911 and 1924.

The Au Sable has about 350 miles (560 km) of tributary streams including the Pine River.

Towns along river[edit]

River dams[12][edit]

The Five Channels Dam viewed from M-65

Ordered from upriver to downriver, all belonging to the power company Consumers Energy:

Historical markers[edit]

The River That Changed the World exhibit, on the Au Sable River, at the Michigan History Museum

The river has five historical markers on it:

  • Cooke Hydroelectric Plant
  • Five Channels Dam Workers Camp
  • The Louis Chevalier Claim
  • Mio Hydroelectric Plant[13]
  • Chief Shoppenagen

River valley attractions and events[edit]

Iargo Springs Oscoda MI

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Au Sable River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map Archived 2012-04-05 at WebCite, accessed November 7, 2011
  3. ^ Card, James (January 24, 2017). "In Michigan, a Fight Over the Future of a Fabled Trout River". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  4. ^ Michigan's Blue Ribbon Trout Streams
  5. ^ Au Sable River, Michigan Department of Natural Resources
  6. ^ a b Au Sable River Natural River Plan, Fisheries Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kolke Creek
  8. ^ "Bradford Creek". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  9. ^ "East Branch Au Sable River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  10. ^ "South Branch Au Sable River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  11. ^ "North Branch Au Sable River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  12. ^ AuSable River Tour
  13. ^ Mio electric Plant historical marker
  14. ^ Michigan Au Sable Valley Railroad.
  15. ^ Au Sable River Canoe Marathon
  16. ^ First Dam Canoe Race
  17. ^ Au Sable River Queen.
  18. ^ River Road Scenic Byway at America's Byways.

External links[edit]