A toll road in 1910
|Intercommunality||CC Pays Roussillonnais|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Nicole Bernard|
|7.05 km2 (2.72 sq mi)|
|• Density||210/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||169–256 m (554–840 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auberivois or Auberivoises.
Auberives-sur-Varèze is located some 14 km south by south-west of Vienne and 6 km north-east of Saint-Maurice-l'Exil. Access to the commune is by Route nationale 7 from Vienne in the north which passes through the length of the commune and the town before continuing south to Le Péage-de-Roussillon. The D37 road comes from Cheyssieu in the east passing through the commune north of the village and continuing to Saint-Prim in the north-west. The A7 autoroute (E15) also passes through the east of the commune but there is no exit in or near the commune. There is a belt of forest through the centre of the commune just north of the town while the rest of the commune is farmland apart from the large residential area of the town.
The Varèze river flows through the centre of the commune from east to west to join the Rhône at Saint-Alban-du-Rhône. The Canal du Moulin branches from the Varèze in the east of the commune and continues west south of and parallel to it. The Suzon river flows from the west north of the Varèze and joins it in the east of the commune.
The history of Auberives is very old as for the neighbouring communes in the north of the canton. The name Auberives comes from the Latin Ripa Alba meaning "White Shore" due to the presence in the soil of kaolin which was formerly used by potters.
The oldest vestige is the "Great Borne": a boulder rolled by glaciers to the crossroads of the communes of Roussillon at Assieu, and Auberives at Ville on Anjou.
In the 11th century the area was covered with a vast forest populated mostly by deer and wild boar. In the 12th century there was wolf hunting which activity would have given its name to the forest of Louze. At the end of the 11th century the Lord of Auberives was a knight, vassal of Roussillon, called Angérius. At the beginning of the 15th century the Lord of Auberives was Louis II of Chalon-Arlay, Prince of Orange, and an ally of the Duke of Burgundy. At the time of the Battle of Anthon on 11 June 1430, the castle was besieged and dismantled by Raoul de Gaucourt, governor of Dauphiné. Since then the castle has been a ruin. A remaining section of wall partially encloses the current cemetery.
Auberives has carried many names: Auberives de Vienne, Auberives de Roussillon, and finally Auberives-sur-Varèze from the name of the river.
Louis Mandrin, the smuggler, passed through while moving around the region. He had a hideout at Reventin (4 km away).
With a surface of 704 hectares and despite the strong decrease in the number of farmers, Auberives has always been a predominantly agricultural commune with the meadows and woods of the Varèze, significant areas of fruit trees, and with a few fields preserving traditional cultures.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 1,487 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Sites and monuments
- A Church from the 19th century
- Auberives-sur-Varèze on Google Maps
- Auberives-sur-Varèze on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Auberive on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Auberives-sur-Varèze on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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