Auchterarder

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Auchterarder
Auchterarder High Street.jpg
Auchterarder High Street in the sunshine: Star Hotel, Post Office and Town Hall
Auchterarder is located in Perth and Kinross
Auchterarder
Auchterarder
Location within Perth and Kinross
Population5,840 (mid-2020 est.)[1]
OS grid referenceNN945125
• Edinburgh31 mi (50 km)
• London361 mi (581 km)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAUCHTERARDER
Postcode districtPH3
Dialling code01764
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°17′35″N 3°42′22″W / 56.293167°N 3.706142°W / 56.293167; -3.706142Coordinates: 56°17′35″N 3°42′22″W / 56.293167°N 3.706142°W / 56.293167; -3.706142

Auchterarder (/ɒxtərˈɑːrdər/ (listen); Scottish Gaelic: Uachdar Àrdair, meaning Upper Highland) is a small town located north of the Ochil Hills in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, and home to the Gleneagles Hotel. The 1+12-mile-long (2.5-kilometre) High Street of Auchterarder gave the town its popular name of "The Lang Toun" or Long Town.

The modern town is a shopping destination with a variety of independent shops and cafes.

History[edit]

Old church tower, Auchterarder, 1660

The name "Auchterarder" derives from the Scottish Gaelic roots uachdar, àrd, and dobhar; it means ‘upland of high water.’[2]

Auchterarder Castle stood to the north of the town in the area now known as Castleton. It is said to have been a hunting seat for King Malcolm Canmore in the 11th century and was visited by King Edward I in 1296. It was made ruinous in the 18th century and only fragments remained at the end of the 19th century.[3]

In the Middle Ages, Auchterarder was known in Europe as 'the town of 100 drawbridges', a colourful description of the narrow bridges leading from the road level across wide gutters to the doorsteps of houses. The name appears in a charter of 1227 in a grant of land transaction to the Convent of Inchaffray.[4] The Jacobite Earl of Mar's army torched the town on 25 January 1716.[5]

In 1834, a controversy over the selection of a parish minister, following the recent passing of the Veto Act, allowed the parishioners of Auchterarder to reject the chosen minister, Rev Robert Young.[6] Whilst this might have ended with the selection of an alternative, Young took the issue to the High Court. The court's decision concluded a link between state and church, directly contradicting the church's own view, and causing the first in a chain of events which would ultimately lead to the 1843 schism in the Church of Scotland. The remains of this church – the tower – have recently been renovated, and there is a plaque explaining what the church used to look like. As a result of the troubles of 1834, Auchterarder became one of the first towns in Scotland to build its own independent Free Church, indeed appearing to pre-empt the Disruption by commissioning the architect David Cousin to design their church in advance, such that it was completed in 1843 as soon as the Free Church formally came into existence.[7]

Aytoun Hall, which is the main community events venue in the town, was completed in 1872.[8]

The Burgh (Police) Scotland Act of 1892 bestowed Burgh status upon the town and a provost, two bailies, an honorary treasurer, Dean of Guild and six councillors were appointed to manage its affairs.[4]

In 1983 the A9 was diverted to the south, bypassing Auchterarder and Aberuthven, to improve the connection between Stirling and Perth.[9]

The 31st G8 summit was held in the town in July 2005 at the five-star Gleneagles hotel.[10]

In 2008, Caledonian Crescent and Queens Crescent in Auchterarder had the most expensive house prices in Scotland.[11]

Transport[edit]

Gleneagles railway station, which is located around 2 miles (3 km) to the south-west of Auchterarder, has been the main railway station for the town since 1886.[12]

Auchterarder contains a charger operated by Perth and Kinross Council located in Crown Inn Wynd for electric vehicle charging.[13]

The town boasts a Community Bus Service which is low cost to normal users and free to young people and the elderly. The service links the three main residential areas of Auchterarder, namely the South, Townhead and the High Street as well as the two new developments near Hunter Street. The service connects to the local health centre and hospital.[14]

Climate[edit]

Auchterarder has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb). The nearest weather station to Auchterarder is located at Strathallan, around 2+14 miles (3.6 kilometres) northwest.

Climate data for Strathallan (35 m or 115 ft asl, averages 1981–2010, extremes 1960–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
14.5
(58.1)
20.8
(69.4)
24.1
(75.4)
27.8
(82.0)
31.0
(87.8)
30.7
(87.3)
29.4
(84.9)
26.3
(79.3)
23.2
(73.8)
17.0
(62.6)
14.4
(57.9)
31.0
(87.8)
Average high °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9.0
(48.2)
11.8
(53.2)
14.9
(58.8)
17.5
(63.5)
19.6
(67.3)
19.5
(67.1)
16.6
(61.9)
12.6
(54.7)
9.0
(48.2)
6.2
(43.2)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
0.3
(32.5)
1.7
(35.1)
3.5
(38.3)
5.6
(42.1)
8.3
(46.9)
10.4
(50.7)
10.0
(50.0)
8.0
(46.4)
5.3
(41.5)
2.4
(36.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.6
(40.3)
Record low °C (°F) −18.8
(−1.8)
−15.2
(4.6)
−13.3
(8.1)
−6.2
(20.8)
−3.4
(25.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−11.7
(10.9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−19.5
(−3.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 116.6
(4.59)
79.1
(3.11)
80.5
(3.17)
50.9
(2.00)
62.6
(2.46)
66.6
(2.62)
66.4
(2.61)
68.9
(2.71)
78.7
(3.10)
114.5
(4.51)
94.9
(3.74)
92.9
(3.66)
972.6
(38.28)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 16.0 11.7 13.6 9.8 11.2 11.6 10.8 10.8 11.8 15.1 14.0 13.6 150
Source: Met Office[15]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mid-2020 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  2. ^ Field, John (1980). Place-names of Great Britain and Ireland. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. p. 27. ISBN 0389201545. OCLC 6964610.
  3. ^ "Auchterarder Castle | Canmore".
  4. ^ a b Young, Alex F. (2003). Old Auchterarder, Blackford and Braco. Catrine, Ayrshire: Stenlake Publishing. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-84033-261-2.
  5. ^ "Auchterarder in Mar's Year". Annals of Auchterarder and Memorials of Srathearn. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  6. ^ "The Presbytery of Auchterarder v. The Earl of Kinnoull and the Rev. Robert Young". CaseMine. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  7. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: David Cousin
  8. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Aytoun Hall, High Street (LB21337)". Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  9. ^ "A9 Falkirk to THurso". Scottish Roads Archive. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  10. ^ 2005 Gleneagles G-8, delegations; "EU and the G8" Archived 26 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Middleton, Alison (25 July 2008). "Article - Auchterarder home to two most expensive streets". Press and Journal. Retrieved 16 December 2012.
  12. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (October 1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. OL 11956311M., p. 71
  13. ^ "Perth & Kinross Council EV Charging Points". ChargePlace Scotland. 21 December 2021. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  14. ^ "Auchterarder Town Bus Service" (PDF). Auchterarder Community Bus Service. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Strathallan (Perth and Kinross) UK climate averages". Met Office. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Obituary: Andrew Fairlie, much-loved chef and restaurateur who earned two Michelin stars". The Scotsman. 25 January 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  17. ^ "New Seekers star Eve Graham looks back 40 years after their greatest hit". Daily Record. 12 March 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2012.
  18. ^ Allen Andrews (1976). Exemplary Justice. Harrap. p. 206. ISBN 0-245-52775-3.
  19. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Haldane, Robert (1772-1854)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  20. ^ "Stephen Hendry's profile". World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  21. ^ "Perthshire - Latest news updates, pictures, video, reaction - Daily Record".
  22. ^ a b Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  23. ^ "Famous People from Scotland".

External links[edit]