Auchtermuchty

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Auchtermuchty
Auchtermuchty is located in Fife
Auchtermuchty
Auchtermuchty
Location within Fife
Population2,110 (mid-2016 est.)[1]
OS grid referenceNO235115
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townCUPAR
Postcode districtKY14
Dialling code01337
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°17′23″N 3°14′15″W / 56.289754°N 3.237450°W / 56.289754; -3.237450Coordinates: 56°17′23″N 3°14′15″W / 56.289754°N 3.237450°W / 56.289754; -3.237450
Auchtermuchty war memorial in the old market square (by Reginald Fairlie)
The former hotel in Auchtermuchty was a roadside coaching inn c.1750
The southern part of old Auchtermuchty

Auchtermuchty (/ˌɒxtərˈmʌxti/ About this soundlisten ; Scottish Gaelic: Uachdar Mucadaidh, 'upland of the pigs/boar')[2][3] is a town in Fife, Scotland. It is beside Pitlour Hill and 9 miles (14 km) north of Glenrothes.

History[edit]

Until 1975 Auchtermuchty was a royal burgh, established under charter of King James V in 1517. There is evidence of human habitation in the area dating back over 2,000 years, and the Romans are known to have established a camp in the southeast corner of the town.[4] In the past, the linen industry was a major source of work in the town, but in the early 18th century the firm of John White was established, bringing the town its first foundry (there were two eventually). The town also had a distillery - Stratheden Whisky Distillery, set in the town centre - from 1829 to 1926, but it had to close when Prohibition in the United States drastically reduced the demand for its products.[5] The town nowadays is a quiet but thriving community, situated in the Scottish countryside, where there are several local recreational footpaths. There is a modest range of local industry, but most people of working age travel out of the town for employment.

There was a town festival held each year in August, but this has now ceased.

As in many parts of Fife, there is much evidence of the impact of both World Wars on the village. To the North East of the town, a concrete observation platform was built on what is thought to be a long used site of strategical and defensive importance, as it overlooks the entire village and the remains of earlier walls and structures are evident. During the Second World War the flat farmland of the glacial valley in which Auchtermuchty sits made a prime target for glider landings in the event of an invasion, and it may still be possible to see the remains of trenches dug and obstacles built to prevent this, though these have largely been erased by farming throughout Fife.[citation needed]

Buildings[edit]

The old part of the town is based around a hill. The twisting streets here have a wealth of buildings dating from the 17th and 18th century, centred on a medieval peel tower (now forming part of the town library).

The church (on the east side of the hill) is a simple Georgian box chapel, but with an interesting double bell within its western bellcote. Gravestones date back to the 17th century. A more modern cemetery dating from around 1910 lies to the south-east of the town, partly concealed by industrial units. Maps from the mid-19th century show no less than five churches in use at one time.

The town war memorial is of note, and is an unusual design by the architect Reginald Fairlie, portraying a Scottish soldier with head bowed, rather than the triumphant and victorious figures of other memorials in neighbouring villages, reflecting the huge loss of the village during the Great War.[citation needed]

Amenities[edit]

Auchtermuchty Golf Club (now defunct) was founded in 1902. The club ceased to exist following WW2.[6]

Cultural references[edit]

Auchtermuchty was the setting for The Wife of Auchtermuchty, a comic Scots poem of the late Middle Ages.

The town was used as the location for Tannochbrae in the 1990s ITV series Dr. Finlay.

The town's church is mentioned in James Hogg's The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner, as was Herald Law, a hill to the north if the village, in an area known historically as "The Holy Land".

In The Family Ness theme song, You'll Never Find A Nessie In The Zoo, the refrain states "You can go to Auchtermuchty and to Drumnadrochit too, but you'll never find a Nessie in the zoo".

Auchtermuchty was often referred to by John Junor in the Daily Express: "John Junor's editorial approach was simple: articulate the fears and preoccupations of Middle England and liven them up with dollops of hokey Scottish folk wisdom. In his column for the paper, Junor lit upon the small Scottish town of Auchtermuchty and made it into his own personal Brigadoon, a place of solemn courtesy to one's betters and implacable hostility to outsiders." [7][8]

Notable people[edit]

Statue of Jimmy Shand in Auchtermuchty

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Gaelic Placenames collected by Iain Mac an Tailleir" (PDF). 2003.
  3. ^ "Auchtermuchty". Fife Place-name Data. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Auchtermuchty". canmore.org. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Stratheden Whisky Distillery". lost-distillery.com. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Auchtermuchty Golf Club". Golf’s Missing Links.
  7. ^ Preston, John (6 July 2002). "Mr Angry of Auchtermuchty" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  8. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_/ai_n14108970
  9. ^ "Dictionary of Irish Biography - Cambridge University Press". dib.cambridge.org. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  10. ^ http://www.mairesduquebec.com/mairesduquebec/agnats/agnats-ferrie.pdf
  11. ^ "John Glas | Scottish minister". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  12. ^ "Stark Talk: Marian Leven and Will Maclean". BBC News. BBC. 22 May 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Captain George Moodie from The Gazetteer for Scotland". www.scottish-places.info. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  14. ^ "Haverin Next to You". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Jimmy Shand Statue". Welcome to Fife. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  16. ^ "Shoolbred Genealogy". kittybrewster.com.
  17. ^ "WALKER, James Campbell (Architect-Edinburgh)". onFife. 27 October 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2020.

External links[edit]