Auckland East

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Auckland East was a New Zealand electorate, situated in the east of Auckland. It existed between 1861 and 1887, and again between 1905 and 1946.

History[edit]

The Auckland East electorate was established for the 1860-1861 elections, when the Auckland electorate was split in half. It consisted of most of modern Auckland's central business district. Its boundaries remained largely static until 1875-1876 elections, when the focus of the electorate shifted eastwards, making room for Auckland North electorate. It was abolished in the 1887 elections, with most of its territory being absorbed by the neighbouring Parnell electorate.

At the 1905 elections, a new electorate of the same name was created, again by abolishing a multi-member seat called City of Auckland. The boundaries of the new Auckland East were similar to those of the original, although its borders often shifted. By the 1938 elections, it had lost most of the central business district, and was more focused on Parnell, Newmarket, and Grafton. It was abolished in the 1946 elections, with most of its territory becoming part of a re-established Parnell electorate.

The first seat called Auckland East existed before political parties. The second seat was initially held by the Liberals, but later swung to the rising Labour Party, with the United Party (the Liberals' successor) capturing it only once after its initial loss. The seat also briefly belonged to the Reform Party, which captured it in a by-election but was unable to keep it.

John A. Lee failed to win the seat for Labour in the 1921 by-election, but won it in the 1922 election and the 1925 election. However he lost the seat in the 1928 election (by 37 votes), which he later blamed on boundary changes. In 1927 the Representation Commission proposed altering the boundaries of the Parnell electorate; which if confirmed would have made the electorate "dry" or no-licence, and without an authority which could issue temporary licences for the Ellerslie and Alexandra Park raceways. Following objections, the boundary between the Parnell and Auckland East electorates was adjusted to include a hotel in the Parnell electorate (so retaining the licensing committee). [1]

Emily Maguire contested the 1928 election for the Reform Party, but was unsuccessful against James Donald of the United Party.[2]

Election results[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Independent Liberal    Reform    Labour    United  

Election Winner
1861 election Thomas Russell
1866 election Archibald Clark[3]
1871 election Julius Vogel
1875 election William Rees
1879 election William Speight
1881 election Sir George Grey
1884 election
(Electorate abolished 1887–1905)
1905 election Frederick Baume
1908 election
1910 by-election Arthur Myers
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1921 by-election Clutha Mackenzie
1922 election John A. Lee
1925 election
1928 election James Donald
1931 election Frederick Schramm
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
(Electorate abolished 1946)

Election results[edit]

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Auckland East[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Schramm 6,140 51.98 +10.32
Reform Harold Percy Burton 3,803 32.20 +8.06
Democrat J B Donald 1,649 13.96
Independent T Lamont 218 1.84
Majority 2,337 19.78
Turnout 11,810

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Auckland East[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Schramm 3,893 41.66
Reform Harold Percy Burton 2,256 24.14
United William Henry Horton 1,754 18.77
Women's Candidate Ellen Melville 1,002 10.72
Independent John Alexander Arthur 439 4.70
Majority 1,637 17.52
Registered electors 12,678
Turnout 9,344 73.70

1925 election[edit]

General election, 1925: Auckland East[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour John A. Lee 4,477 44.95
Reform James Stewart 4,189 42.06
Liberal H. Oakley Browne[7] 1,293 12.98
Majority 288 2.89
Informal votes 110 1.09
Turnout 10,069 87.00
Registered electors 11,573

1921 by-election[edit]

Auckland East by-election, 1921[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Clutha Mackenzie 2,525 38.13
Labour John A. Lee 2,153 32.51
Liberal George Warren Russell 1,015 15.33
Independent G H Foster 862 13.01
Majority 372 5.61
Turnout 6,621

1910 by-election[edit]

Auckland East by-election, 1910[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal Arthur Myers 3,180 58.42
Labour (original) George Davis 1,087 19.97
Independent William Richardson 754 13.85
Opposition R. W. Hill 309 5.67
Labour (original) G. J. McKnight 75 1.37
Majority 2,093 38.45
Turnout 5,443 65.02

1905 election[edit]

General election, 1905: Auckland East[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick Baume 2,535 45.97
Independent Harry Bamford 1,664 30.17
Independent William Richardson 1,129 20.47
Socialist Robert Way 103 1.86
Informal votes 83 1.50
Majority 871 15.79
Turnout 5,514

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). New Zealand Electoral Atlas. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 10.
  2. ^ Hutching, Megan. "Emily Maguire". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved December 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1902). "Mr. Archibald Clark". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Auckland Provincial District. Christchurch. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  4. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "Recount of Votes". Auckland Star. LXII (289). 7 December 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  6. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 1. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Independent Stand". The New Zealand Herald. LXII (19149). 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Polling in Auckland East". The Press. LVII (17293). 3 November 1921. p. 6. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "Auckland East by-election". Wanganui Chronicle. L (12539). 17 June 1910. p. 5. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  10. ^ "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 March 2014.