Auckland North

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Auckland North was a parliamentary electorate in Auckland, New Zealand from 1881 to 1890.

Population centres[edit]

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Auckland North, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

The area that was covered comprised what is today the central business district.[2]

History[edit]

Four people were nominated for the 1881 election: William Lee Rees, who had previously represented Auckland East, Thomas Peacock, William George Garrard, and Thomas Thwaites.[3][4] Thwaites soon withdrew from the contest,[5] and Peacock narrowly defeated Rees, with Garrard coming a distant third.[6]

In the 1884 election, Peacock successfully stood in the Newton electorate.[7] Thomas Thompson and Joseph Newman contested Auckland North in 1884, with Thompson achieving a decisive win.[8]

Three people were nominated for the 1887 election: the incumbent, Thompson; Samuel Vaile, a merchant and land agent, and Harry Farnall.[9] The latter withdrew before the election, and Thompson achieved a narrow win over Vaile.[10] Thompson represented Auckland North until its abolition in 1890.[11]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The electorate was represented by two Members of Parliament.[12]

Key

 Independent  

Election Winner
1881 election Thomas Peacock
1884 election Thomas Thompson
1887 election

Election results[edit]

1887 election[edit]

General election, 1887: Auckland North[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Thomas Thompson 743 51.21 -27.99
Independent Samuel Vaile 708 48.79
Majority 35 2.41 -55.98
Turnout 1,451 63.53 -1.17
Registered electors 2,284

1884 election[edit]

General election, 1884: Auckland North[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Thomas Thompson 746 79.19
Independent Joseph Newman 196 20.81
Majority 550 58.39 +54.51
Turnout 942 64.70 +0.03
Registered electors 1,456

1881 election[edit]

General election, 1881: Auckland North[4][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Thomas Peacock 346 51.64
Independent William Lee Rees 320 47.76
Independent William George Garrard 4 0.60
Majority 26 3.88
Turnout 670 64.67
Registered electors 1,036

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 46.
  3. ^ "City North". Auckland Star. XII (3532). 1 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "City North". The New Zealand Herald. XVIII (6254). 2 December 1881. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Auckland". The Press. XXXVI (5068). 5 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "The Elections". The New Zealand Herald. XVIII (6265). 15 December 1881. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 226.
  8. ^ a b "The General Election, 1884". National Library. 1884. p. 1. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "The General Election". The New Zealand Herald. XXIV (8057). 19 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "The General Election, 1887". National Library. 1887. p. 1. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 240.
  12. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 259.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.