The Strand Station

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This article is about the main railway station serving Auckland's city centre from 1930 to 2003, and the current Auckland terminus for long-distance train services. For the current suburban train terminus in Auckland, see Britomart Transport Centre.
The Strand Station
Strand Station - Current State.JPG
The Strand Station and stabling facility
Coordinates 36°50′53″S 174°46′35″E / 36.848123°S 174.776275°E / -36.848123; 174.776275
Platforms 2 (originally 7)
Construction
Parking Yes
History
Opened 1930
Closed July 2003
Rebuilt August 2011
Electrified Yes
Services
Preceding station   KiwiRail Scenic   Following station
Terminus Northern Explorer
toward Wellington
Designated 29-Nov-1985
Reference no. 93

The Strand Station (formerly Auckland Railway Station and also referred to as Auckland Strand Station) is a railway station located on the eastern edge of Auckland CBD which served as the city's main railway station from 1930 to 2003. The station is currently used as the northern terminus of the Northern Explorer long-distance service to Wellington, operated by KiwiRail Scenic Journeys. It also serves as a backup for Britomart, the city's main railway station since 2003, during times of disruption.

The station opened in 1930, replacing the previous railway terminus on Queen Street (which coincidentally was located on the same site where Britomart Transport Centre now exists). It was the third station to serve as the main rail terminus for Auckland, and remained the sole station serving the CBD until its closure in July 2003, when services were moved to the new Britomart Transport Centre. The former Platform 4 (which was designated as Platform 7 at time of opening, and is now referred to as Platform 1) was retained for excursion use as 'The Strand Station', named after the nearby street, and continued to be used by a limited number of peak-hour suburban trains for a few months following the opening of Britomart. Following this, the platforms remained abandoned until August 2011 when two platforms were re-developed to prepare the station for possible use during Rugby World Cup 2011, although they were never used for this purpose.[1] These platforms were used for Northern Explorer services from December 2015 onwards.

The station building has been a city landmark from the time it was opened in 1930, and is a grand architectural statement in beaux-arts[2] brick and mortar, having been called "one of the most self-consciously monumental public buildings erected in early twentieth-century New Zealand".[3] The building was designed by William Henry Gummer (1884–1966), a student of Sir Edward Lutyens and architect of various notable New Zealand buildings such as the Dilworth Building in Queen Street.[4] Following its sale by the New Zealand Railways Corporation in the 1990s, the building was turned into student accommodation by Auckland University and since 2008 has been occupied by private apartments.

History[edit]

Railway yards at Mechanics Bay, 1880s; the bay would be reclaimed for Auckland Railway Station and yards over the next 40 years

Railway use[edit]

Auckland railway station, 1895

The station was built by the New Zealand Public Works Department between 1928 and 1930 and sits on reclaimed land close to the wharves. It replaced a smaller terminal on the site of Britomart. The grand and ornate building was intended to serve as a gateway to the city, and its construction cost of £320,000. The station was designed by Gummer and Ford, who were New Zealand's premier architects in the early twentieth century. It has great historical importance for its associations with the public building programme of the 1920s, and with the central role played by the railways in national transport.[3]

The symmetrical facade of the three storey-high building was constructed of reinforced concrete, faced with brick and granite. It is approached by a sweeping ramp on either side of the building, enclosing a landscaped garden immediately to the front. The building's design echoed American models, such as Union Station in Washington, D.C. and Pennsylvania Station in New York City, considered the most striking and luxurious examples of the time.[3] It has also been favourably compared with Grand Central Terminal, in New York City as well, and the National Theatre in Melbourne.[2]

The station was given ornate public spaces and a wide variety of amenities, from waiting and dining rooms to shops and a first aid station. Of particular interest is the magnificent metal ceiling in the main lobby, this item was manufactured in Germany and the parts shipped out and reassembled to create one of the most remarkable structures in the country. The looming threat of German aggression meant that its origins were quickly downplayed and obscured. The rest of the lobby is a showpiece of expensive imported marble and fine bronze detailing with a beautiful terazzo floor. The fine detailing extended to the restrooms with imported panelling, light fittings, period-style furniture and porcelain sanitaryware.

Underpasses and ramps linked the station building with an extended platform network to the rear, built with elegant concrete canopies and other elements as integral parts of the original design and function. With modifications, the building was used, as the main point of arrival for rail passengers in Auckland for most of the century. The station building was sold during the privatisation of part of the New Zealand Railways Corporation during the 1990s,[3] partly because of the impending construction of Britomart Transport Centre, which would become the new railway station for the city centre. The station itself remained open until July 2003 when it was replaced by Britomart, although a single platform remained in use to serve a limited number of peak-hour suburban services which continued operated for several months after the opening of Britomart. In the decade that followed, the platform was occasionally used by excursion trains although, along with the rest of the platforms, it became largely dilapidated.

Campus use[edit]

The station around 1960. Platforms run off diagonally at right from the rear of the building.
The abandoned platforms at The Strand in 2008.

In 1999 the station building was partly converted for use as student accommodation by Auckland University and named The Railway Campus. It was the largest of the university's residences, and had 426 bedrooms, in a total of 230 apartments. The residence was awarded four stars by Qualmark in the Student Accommodation category, which evaluated the facilities as well as the level of pastoral care and support for students, and has been accredited by the New Zealand Association of Tertiary Education Accommodation Professionals.[5] However, in November 2008, the university announced that it would no longer be using the building for student accommodation, due to weathertightness issues and associated works (see below for more details).[6]

Due to the large number of American students who resided in The Railway Campus each semester, it was given by some the nickname 'The American Embassy'.[citation needed]

In 2007, major weather-tightness problems appeared. A multi-million dollar restoration programme was undertaken to help resolve the issue. The tenants were required to leave to permit work to be undertaken. The effect of the water leaks on the prices of the apartments in the complex was marked - while the high price in the early 1990s was $160,000, apartments sold for a nominal sale price as low as $12,800 (with most going around $20,000) as owners extricated themselves from the problem investment. Values had by early 2010 recovered to an average sale price of $55,000.

Refurbishment[edit]

The station in its refurbished state
The station following electrification

Between 2003 and 2011, the platforms had deteriorated into a decrepit state. All of the platforms had been shortened for the Britomart Curve, sections of removed track were stacked up on top of each other adjacent to the platforms, and grass and weeds covered most of the site.

In 2011, two platforms were upgraded by Auckland Transport to prepare them for use as an alternative to Britomart for the 2011 Rugby World Cup.[7] In a $1.7 million project, the canopies were removed from two platforms, with a small section left behind for historic purposes, and the canopies on the other platforms were also left standing due to their heritage value. The platforms were resurfaced, and amenities such as lighting and a public address system were installed.[1] The platforms did not end up being used during the 2011 Rugby World Cup, but they continued to serve as a potential backup station for Britomart during disruptions.

During 2013, stabling facilities were constructed in the disused part of the station, to the north of the refurbished platforms. The stabling yard, officially called the Strand Distributed Stabling Facility, is designed to hold trains when they are not in service. In 2014, the station was fully electrified as part of Auckland's railway electrification project. In December 2015, the station became the terminus of Auckland's sole long-distance passenger train service, the Northern Explorer which runs between Auckland and Wellington, following the shift of its Auckland terminus from Britomart. As the Northern Explorer had become the only diesel service still using Britomart, its operator KiwiRail was requested by Auckland Transport to fund an upgrade to the diesel extraction fans at the underground station, but KiwiRail decided it would be more cost-efficient to cease serving Britomart and move the Auckland terminus of the Northern Explorer to The Strand instead.[citation needed]

Current use[edit]

The station is currently served by the thrice-weekly Northern Explorer long-distance service to Wellington. It is occasionally used for excursion trains and is also available as a backup station for Britomart in case of disruptions. Since electrification, part of the station has been used as a stabling facility.

Future[edit]

Some groups and campaigners have suggested that the station could be utilised for future long-distance passenger services such as a re-instated Waikato Connection to Hamilton, in order to circumvent the issue of the lack of capacity for long-distance services at Britomart.[8]

In popular culture[edit]

The station featured in the 1984 film Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence, starring David Bowie, as the central railway station in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1] (AKT, "Strand Railway Station Re-Opens")
  2. ^ a b Historic gem back on track? - The Aucklander, 16 October 2008
  3. ^ a b c d "The Strand Station". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  4. ^ Graeme W. A. Bush (ed), The History of Epsom, Epsom & Eden District Historical Society Inc, Auckland, 2006, pp. 279 - 280.
  5. ^ Railway Campus (from University of Auckland website)
  6. ^ Uni quits Railway Campus over repairs - The New Zealand Herald, Friday 7 November 2008
  7. ^ Rooney, Edward (14 April 2011). "Demolition threat to old station canopies". New Zealand Herald (Auckland). Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.aktnz.co.nz/2011/10/28/waikato-rail-looking-more-unlikely/AKT, "Waikato Rail Looking More Unlikely"

External links[edit]