Audnedal

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Audnedal kommune
Municipality
Coat of arms of Audnedal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Audnedal kommune
Vest-Agder within
Norway
Audnedal within Vest-Agder
Audnedal within Vest-Agder
Coordinates: 58°22′48″N 07°22′12″E / 58.38000°N 7.37000°E / 58.38000; 7.37000Coordinates: 58°22′48″N 07°22′12″E / 58.38000°N 7.37000°E / 58.38000; 7.37000
Country Norway
County Vest-Agder
District Sørlandet
Administrative centre Konsmo
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Reidun Bakken (KrF)
Area
 • Total 251.45 km2 (97.09 sq mi)
 • Land 236.04 km2 (91.14 sq mi)
 • Water 15.41 km2 (5.95 sq mi)
Area rank 303 in Norway
Population (2016)
 • Total 1,750
 • Rank 346 in Norway
 • Density 7.4/km2 (19/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 12.5 %
Demonym(s) Audnedøl[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1027
Official language form Neutral
Website www.audnedal.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Audnedal is a municipality in Vest-Agder county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Sørlandet. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Konsmo. Other villages in Audnedal include Byremo and Vivlemo. The municipality encompasses the upper half of the Audnedalen valley, and the municipality of Lindesnes (to the south) covers the southern half of the valley.

The municipality is served by the Audnedal Station along the Sørlandet Line. The railway station is near Konsmo. The railroad heads west from Audnedal and goes through the Hægebostad Tunnel, one of the longest railroad tunnels in Norway.

General information[edit]

View of the Audnedalen valley
View of the Konsmo area
View of the Grindheim Church

The old municipality of Undal was established in 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). That municipality only existed until 1845 when it was split into Nord-Audnedal and Sør-Audnedal. Those municipalities were later divided also. Sør-Audnedal was divided into Spangereid in 1899 and Nord-Audnedal was divided into Konsmo and Vigmostad in 1911. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. This is when the present-day municipality of Audnedal was created. Audnedal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1964 when the municipality of Konsmo (population: 712), the municipality of Grindheim (population: 701), and the Ågedal and Midtbø areas (population: 96) of Bjelland municipality were merged together. This new Audnedal municipality mostly corresponded to the historical borders of the old municipality of Nord-Audnedal.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality was named after the Audnedalen valley in which it is located. The Old Norse form of the name was Auðnudalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Auðna (now Audna) and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The river name is derived from the Norse word auðn which means "destruction" (because of flooding).[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 30 August 1991. It shows a silver or white blade of a circular saw on a green background. This symbol was chosen to represent the timber and forestry industries in the municipality.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Audnedal. It is part of the Mandal deanery in the Diocese of Agder og Telemark.

Churches in Audnedal
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Grindheim Grindheim Church Byremo 1783
Konsmo Konsmo Church Konsmo 1802

Government[edit]

View of the construction of the Hunsdalen viaduct along the Sørlandet Line in Audnedal (1942)

All municipalities in Norway, including Audnedal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Audnedal is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Audnedal Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 3
  Progress Party Fremskrittspartiet 1
  Conservative Party Høyre 1
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 3
  Local Lists Lokale lister 5
Total number of members: 17

Geography[edit]

Audnedal is an inland municipality, located in the Audnedalen valley which follows the river Audna. The municipality of Åseral borders it to the north, Hægebostad to the west, Lyngdal and Lindesnes to the south, and Marnardal to the east. To the northeast, Audnedal borders the municipality of Evje og Hornnes in neighboring Aust-Agder county.

Audnedal municipality has two large lakes: Ytre Øydnavatnet and Øvre Øydnavatnet. The Mandalselva river also passes through the northern part of the municipality.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Konsmo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
0.5
(32.9)
2.9
(37.2)
7.3
(45.1)
13.2
(55.8)
17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
17.9
(64.2)
13.4
(56.1)
9.3
(48.7)
4.5
(40.1)
1.6
(34.9)
8.9
(48)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−2.1
(28.2)
0.2
(32.4)
3.6
(38.5)
8.8
(47.8)
12.9
(55.2)
14.2
(57.6)
13.4
(56.1)
9.9
(49.8)
6.6
(43.9)
2.2
(36)
−0.7
(30.7)
5.6
(42.1)
Average low °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−5.0
(23)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.1
(32.2)
4.8
(40.6)
8.5
(47.3)
9.9
(49.8)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
3.9
(39)
−0.2
(31.6)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.3
(36.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 154
(6.06)
104
(4.09)
107
(4.21)
70
(2.76)
104
(4.09)
91
(3.58)
102
(4.02)
146
(5.75)
195
(7.68)
217
(8.54)
210
(8.27)
160
(6.3)
1,660
(65.35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 15.8 10.7 13 9 11 10 10.5 11.9 15.6 16.1 17.7 15.7 157
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

Attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Audnedal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-11-19. 
  5. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Audnedal at Wikimedia Commons
  • The dictionary definition of Audnedal at Wiktionary
  • Vest-Agder travel guide from Wikivoyage