Audunborg

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Audunborg
Jølster, Norway
Audun Hugleiksson.JPG
Audun Hugleiksson's seal on the memorial erected on the former castle site.
Coordinates 61°31′49″N 6°13′55″E / 61.53028°N 6.23194°E / 61.53028; 6.23194Coordinates: 61°31′49″N 6°13′55″E / 61.53028°N 6.23194°E / 61.53028; 6.23194
Type Medieval castle
Site information
Controlled by Norway
Site history
Built 1276-1286
In use Ca.1276-?
Materials Stone
Garrison information
Past
commanders
Audun Hugleiksson
Garrison Baron Audun's hird

Audunborg (Auduns borg) was a castle and fortification built by Norwegian nobleman Audun Hugleiksson on his inherited estate near the village of Ålhus on the shores of the Jølstravatn in the municipality of Jølster in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. The site was located about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north-east of the village of Vassenden.[1]

History[edit]

The castle was built in stone sometime between 1276 to 1286, probably by English craftsmen working out of Bergen. The rectangular building was 22 by 13 metres (72 ft × 43 ft) and is thought to have had three stories, a store room in the ground floor, living quarters on the next floor, and a feast hall in the top floor. It had large windows and arches. The building itself had water on three sides and was thus easy to defend. It is also thought that a moat or castle wall was part of the fortifications. Recent research claims that Audun himself spent little time in his castle as his activities kept him either in Bergen, in the east of the country or abroad. As a baron, Audun Hugleiksson was allowed to keep a hird (armed retinue) a right otherwise reserved for the king. This hird would defend him on his travels and when he was at home in Audunborg.[2]

In Medieval Norway, typically only the King and the Church had the funds to build in stone and Audunborg along with Isegran by Glomma, built by Alv Erlingsson, are the only two known examples of private stone castles in Norway. Stories about Audun remain in local folklore and one story includes him burying all his money and sinking a silver table into the Jølstravatn before departing for his last trip to Bergen. [3] [4]

Memorial stone at the former site of Audunborg

Castle ruins[edit]

Today, only the ruins remain of the castle that stood at the tip of Hegreneset by Jølstravatn in Sunnfjord. It was first excavated by Gerhard Fischer in 1934 and is probably modelled after Håkonshallen in Bergen which was twice as long and twice as wide. A memorial at Audunborg, carved by Jørgen P. Solheimsnes from Jølster, was erected on the site of the former castle in 1960. Its motive is the baron's seal.[5][6]

There was a play performed called Audun Hugleiksson – Kongens mann which commemorates the life of Audun Hugleiksson. The play was written by Edvard Hoem and based on the book Kongens sendebod : Audun Hugleikson 1240-1302 which was written by Anne Cecilie Kapstad and illustrated by Ludvig Eikaas. [7]

Media gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Auduns borg, Hegranes, Ålhus". kulturminnesok. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Audun Hugleikson Hestakorn(ca. 1245-2. desember 1302)". University of Bergen. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ Nedrebø, Yngve (2002). Audun Hugleiksson–frå kongens råd til galgen (in Norwegian). Selja forlag. ISBN 978-82-91722-25-2. 
  4. ^ Knut Helle. "Audun Hugleiksson "Hestakorn"". Norsk biografisk leksikon. 
  5. ^ Nedrebø, Yngve (2002). Audun Hugleiksson–frå kongens råd til galgen (in Norwegian). Selja forlag. ISBN 978-82-91722-25-2. 
  6. ^ Per Norseng. "Audun Hugleiksson". Store norske leksikon. 
  7. ^ ""Audun Hugleikson - kongens mann" : av Edvard Hoem". Nasjonalbiblioteket. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]