Auenheim

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Auenheim
Blockhouse 1 in Auenheim
Blockhouse 1 in Auenheim
Coat of arms of Auenheim
Coat of arms
Auenheim is located in France
Auenheim
Auenheim
Coordinates: 48°48′44″N 8°00′38″E / 48.8122°N 8.0106°E / 48.8122; 8.0106Coordinates: 48°48′44″N 8°00′38″E / 48.8122°N 8.0106°E / 48.8122; 8.0106
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Haguenau
Canton Bischwiller
Intercommunality Uffried
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Joseph Ludwig
Area1 4.24 km2 (1.64 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 872
 • Density 210/km2 (530/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67014 / 67480
Elevation 116–121 m (381–397 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Auenheim is a French commune in the Bas-Rhin department in the Alsace region of north-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Auenheimois or Auenheimoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Auenheim is located some 15 km east of Haguenau and 13 km north-east of Bischwiller. Access to the commune is by the road D468 from Rœschwoog in the north-east which passes through the north of the commune and the village before continuing to Stattmatten in the south. The D463 branches off the D468 in the north of the commune and goes west to Rountzenheim. The TER Strasbourg-Lauterbourg railway passes through the village and there is a station in the commune which, however, appears to be disused. There is a belt of forest through the centre of the commune (the Biergrund) and a large forest in the south-east of the commune (the Unterwald) with substantial urbanisation in the north-west of the commune with the rest farmland.[2]

The Moder river comes from the south and passes through the south-west then the centre of the commune before forming half of the eastern border and continuing east to join the Rhine at Neuhaeusel. There is also a large reservoir in the north of the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

According to the Cassini Map of 1750 Auen- was spelt Augenheim which in modern German would mean "of the eye" + -heim meaning "hamlet or village".

The suffix -heim indicates a Frankish origin since before the first creation of villages by the Alemanni. -heim signified a "hamlet" or a group of houses in French from which came the Alemannic hüs from which comes haus which is "house" in German.

In 1359 the village was called Oweheim and in 1596 it was Awenheim.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Auenheim
Blazon:

Argent, a Roman letter M surmounted by a crossette paty and between three crossettes at dexter, sinister and base all in Sable.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Joseph Ludwig

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 872 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
3,376 251 355 549 535 506 474 531 539
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
459 443 447 437 440 478 474 448 464
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
451 432 453 440 433 455 500 496 467
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
543 566 602 598 616 731 - 872 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Auenheim

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A House at 1 Rue de l'Eglise (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[4]
  • A Farmhouse at 2 Rue des Oies (1930)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • The Town Hall and School at Rue principale (1850)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • A Farmhouse at 23 Rue principale (1822)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • A Farmhouse at 24 Rue principale (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • A House at 45 Rue principale (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • A Farmhouse at 47 Rue principale (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • Houses and FarmsLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]

One structure is registered as an historical object:

  • The War Memorial (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]

The Maginot Line[edit]

Blockhouse 2
Auenheim Blockhouse North
Auenheim Blockhouse South
Auenheim Blockhouse north

An isolated infantry Blockhouse, simple flank built in 1932. It housed an officer, a non-commissioned officer and 20 enlisted men.

  • Floor dimensions: 25x15 metres;
  • Height: 7.50 metres;
  • Thickness of structural work: 2 metres;
  • Exposed concrete slab: 2.25m thick walls;
  • Rear walls: 1 m thick.
  • Armament: one 37mm Cannon, 3 Reibel machine guns, 5 FM, 2 50 mm mortars, grenade launcher chutes.
  • History: From 1939 to 1940 the blockhouse was held by a detachment of the 68th Fortress Infantry Regiment who resisted German pressure until 1 July 1940, 6 days after the Armistice came into effect (25 June 1940).
Auenheim Blockhouse south

An isolated infantry Blockhouse, simple flank built in 1932. It housed an officer, a non-commissioned officer and 20 enlisted men.

  • Floor dimensions: 25x15 metres;
  • Height: 7.50 metres;
  • Thickness of structural work: 2 metres;
  • Exposed concrete slab: 2.25m thick walls;
  • Rear walls: 1 m thick.
  • Armament: one 37mm Cannon, 3 Reibel machine guns, 5 FM, 2 50 mm mortars, grenade launcher chutes.
  • History: From 1939 to 1940 the blockhouse was held by a detachment of the 68th Fortress Infantry Regiment who resisted German pressure until 1 July 1940, 6 days after the Armistice came into effect (25 June 1940).
Blockhouse 1
Blockhouse 2
  • 1 25mm antitank gun.
Blockhouse 3
  • 1 25mm antitank gun.

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has one religious site that is registered as a historical monument:

  • A Cemetery (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13] The Cemetery contains two items that are registered as historical objects:
    • The Movable Objects in the CemeteryLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[14]
    • The Tomb of Hélène Kuhry (1918)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Henri Loux, born at Auenheim in 1873 and died at Strasbourg in 1907. An illustrator of the countryside and village scenes on a range of tableware called "Obernai".

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bas-Rhin (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  4. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124076 House at 1 Rue de l'Eglise (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124078 Farmhouse at 2 Rue des Oies (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124075 Town Hall and School (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124079 Farmhouse at 23 Rue principale (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124080 Farmhouse at 24 Rue principale (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124077 House at 45 Rue principale (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124081 Farmhouse at 47 Rue principale (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124184 Houses and Farms (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67007268 War Memorial (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00124074 Cemetery (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67007263 Movable objects in the Cemetery (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM67007188 Tomb of Hélène Kuhry (French)