Augmentation (algebra)

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In algebra, an augmentation of an associative algebra A over a commutative ring k is a k-algebra homomorphism , typically denoted by ε. An algebra together with an augmentation is called an augmented algebra. The kernel of the augmentation is a two-sided ideal called the augmentation ideal of A.

For example, if is the group algebra of a group G, then

is an augmentation.

If A is a graded algebra which is connected, i.e. , then the homomorphism which maps an element to its homogeneous component of degree 0 is an augmentation. For example,

is an augmentation.