August von Senarclens de Grancy
|August von Senarclens de Grancy|
|Born||19 August 1794|
|Died||3 October 1871(aged 77)|
August Ludwig Freiherr von Senarclens de Grancy (19 August 1794 – 3 October 1871) was born Auguste Louis de Senarclens de Grancy at the Château d'Etoy in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland, the ancestral home of the de Loriol Family, the firstborn son of three sons and four daughters of Cesar August Freiherr von Senarclens de Grancy, (born César Auguste de Senarclens de Grancy in 1763) and wife Élizabeth Claudine Marie-Rose de Loriol (born in 1773).
He became Grand Master of Stables of the Grand Duke of Hesse, Major General and Knight of Honor and Devotion in the Order of Malta. It is also alleged that he was the biological father of four of his employer's wife's children and, therefore, a possible ancestor of the current King of Spain and the current heir apparent to the throne of the United Kingdom. He would also possibly be a direct-line ancestor of the current pretenders the thrones of Yugoslavia, Romania and the German Empire.
Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse, bought the area of Heiligenberg near Jugenheim in 1820 for his Chamberlain, Senarclens de Grancy, to live, and after the acquisition Grand Duchess Wilhelmine no longer lived with her spouse, nor did they have any children since 1809. Senarclens's identity as the father of the later children of Wilhelmine of Baden was strongly suspected: correspondence detailing this involved many government ministers, ambassadors and sovereigns, including Tsar Nicholas I and Queen Victoria.
By Wilhelmina, he is believed to have fathered four children:
- Princess Amalia Elisabeth Luise Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt (20 May 1821 – 27 May 1826).
- Stillborn daughter (7 June 1822).
- Prince Alexander Ludwig Georg Friedrich Emil of Hesse-Darmstadt (15 July 1823 – 15 December 1888)
- Princess Maximiliane Wilhelmine Auguste Sophie Marie of Hesse-Darmstadt (8 August 1824 – 3 June 1880); the future Empress consort of Tsar Alexander II of Russia.
Alexander and Marie were the only two to survive childhood and were deemed to be the legal children of Wilhelmina's husband, Grand Duke Louis II. They are ancestors of the later Tsars of Russia, as well as the Battenbergs (now known as the Mountbattens).
In 1836, he married Luise Wilhelmine Camille von Otting und Fünfstetten (24 May 1810 – 1876), a morganatic descendant of the Houses of Zweibrucken and Baden-Durlach, by whom he had three sons and three daughters:
- Baroness Wilhelmine von Senarclens de Grancy (11 August 1837 – 1912), unmarried.
- Baron Ludwig von Senarclens de Grancy (9 June 1839 – 2 February 1910), married Amalie Barbara, Baroness Löw von und zu Steinfurth.
- Baroness Marie Wilhelmine von Senarclens de Grancy (9 June 1840 – 5 July 1908), married Ludwig Heinrich von Hesse.
- Baron Henri Adolphe Louis von Senarclens de Grancy (1845 – died young).
- Baron Albert Ludwig Friedrich von Senarclens de Grancy (9 February 1847 – 20 January 1901), married his kinswoman Antoinette von Senarclens de Grancy.
- Baroness Constance von Senarclens de Grancy (11 September 1852 – 9 March 1933), married Karl von Oertzen.
He died at Jugenheim.
- de Senarclens, Jean (2004) 800 ans d'histoire de la famille de Senarclens et de sa branche de Grancy, Genève : Slatkine, ISBN 2-8321-0178-X
- Lambton, Antony (1989) The Mountbattens : the Battenburgs and young Mountbatten, London : Constable, ISBN 0-09-472250-1
- Shelton, Darren (1998) "Royal Quarterings: The ahnenreihe of the grandchildren of the last Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine", European Royal History Journal, I (VI:August), p. 19-22