Augusta, Arkansas

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Augusta
City
Woodruff County courthouse in Augusta
Woodruff County courthouse in Augusta
Augusta is located in Arkansas
Augusta
Augusta
Location in Arkansas.
Coordinates: 35°17′11″N 91°21′39″W / 35.28639°N 91.36083°W / 35.28639; -91.36083Coordinates: 35°17′11″N 91°21′39″W / 35.28639°N 91.36083°W / 35.28639; -91.36083
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Woodruff
Founded 1848
Incorporated July 9, 1860
Named for Founder Thomas Hough's niece, Augusta Cald
Government
 • Mayor Rocky Tidwell
Area
 • Total 2 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Land 2 sq mi (5.1 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 217 ft (66 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,199
 • Density 1,099.5/sq mi (431.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 72006
Area code(s) 870
FIPS code 05-02740
GNIS feature ID 0076211

Augusta is a city in Woodruff County, Arkansas, United States, located on the east bank of the White River. The population was 2,693 at the 2000 census. The city is the county seat of Woodruff County.[1]

Geography[edit]

Augusta is located at 35°17′11″N 91°21′39″W / 35.28639°N 91.36083°W / 35.28639; -91.36083 (35.286501, -91.360935).[2] Augusta is located approximately 75 miles (121 km) northeast of Little Rock and 81 miles (130 km) west of Memphis, Tennessee.[Note 1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.

Region[edit]

See also: Arkansas Delta

Augusta is located in the Arkansas Delta, one of the six primary geographic regions of Arkansas. The Arkansas Delta is a subregion of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, which is a flat area consisting of rich, fertile sediment deposits from the Mississippi River between Louisiana and Illinois. Prior to settlement, Woodruff County was densely forested, with bayous, sloughs, and swamps crossing the land. Seeking to take advantage of the area's fertile soils, settlers cleared the land to better suit row crops.

County[edit]

Although some swampland has been preserved in the Cache River NWR and some former farmland has undergone reforestation, the majority (56 percent) of the county remains in cultivation.[Note 2]

The nearby Cache River NWR, owned by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, is a preservation area maintaining the original features of the area. Stretching approximately 90 miles (140 km) across adjacent counties, the NWR is listed as a Ramsar wetlands of international importance, and serves as a key wintering area for ducks and the largest contiguous tract of bottomland hardwood forest in North America.

Climate[edit]

Woodruff County has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa). Woodruff County experiences all four seasons, although summers can be extremely hot and humid and winters are mild with little snow. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 93 °F (33.9 °C) and an average low of 70 °F (21.1 °C). Temperatures above 100 °F (38 °C) are not uncommon. January is the coldest month with an average high of 49 °F (9.4 °C) and an average low of 27 °F (−2.8 °C). The highest temperature was 112 °F (44.4 °C), recorded in 1936 and 1972. The lowest temperature recorded was −11 °F (−24 °C), on January 8, 1942.

Climate data for Augusta Climate Data
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
85
(29)
90
(32)
97
(36)
99
(37)
109
(43)
112
(44)
112
(44)
109
(43)
98
(37)
87
(31)
81
(27)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 49
(9)
54
(12)
63
(17)
73
(23)
81
(27)
89
(32)
93
(34)
92
(33)
85
(29)
74
(23)
62
(17)
51
(11)
72.2
(22.3)
Average low °F (°C) 27
(−3)
31
(−1)
39
(4)
48
(9)
58
(14)
67
(19)
70
(21)
69
(21)
60
(16)
48
(9)
39
(4)
30
(−1)
48.8
(9.3)
Record low °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−10
(−23)
9
(−13)
24
(−4)
36
(2)
44
(7)
52
(11)
48
(9)
34
(1)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
−4
(−20)
−11
(−24)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.6
(91)
3.8
(97)
4.8
(122)
5.0
(127)
5.5
(140)
2.9
(74)
3.7
(94)
2.7
(69)
3.4
(86)
4.7
(119)
5.2
(132)
5.0
(127)
50.3
(1,278)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.8
(2)
1.0
(2.5)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
2.0
(5.1)
Source #1: The Weather Channel[5]
Source #2: Weather Database[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 702
1890 519 −26.1%
1900 1,040 100.4%
1910 1,520 46.2%
1920 1,731 13.9%
1930 2,243 29.6%
1940 2,235 −0.4%
1950 2,317 3.7%
1960 2,272 −1.9%
1970 2,777 22.2%
1980 3,496 25.9%
1990 2,759 −21.1%
2000 2,665 −3.4%
2010 2,199 −17.5%
Est. 2015 2,051 [7] −6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2014 Estimate[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 2,665 people, 1,070 households, and 741 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,357.4 people per square mile (525.0/km²). There were 1,164 housing units at an average density of 592.9 per square mile (229.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 55% White, 42.99% Black or African American, 2% Native American, 0.08% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. 0.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,070 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.2% were married couples living together, 22.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,500, and the median income for a family was $24,506. Males had a median income of $24,781 versus $18,176 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,865. About 23.6% of families and 28.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.9% of those under age 18 and 24.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Augusta High School

Public education for early childhood, elementary and secondary school students is provided by the Augusta School District, which leads to graduation from Augusta High School.

Local attractions[edit]

The 64 Speedway was a popular short track motor racing location which closed in 2007.[11]

The Jess Norman Post 166 American Legion Hut on 1st Street was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mileages are based on highway miles.[3]
  2. ^ In 2014, 114 thousand acres of soybeans, 58.7 thousand acres of rice, 14.6 thousand acres of wheat, 17 thousand acres of corn and 7 thousand acres of sorghum were planted in Woodruff County.[4] Total acreage for those two crops is 211,600. Woodruff County is 594 square miles, which is 380,160 acres based on 640 acres per square mile. Acreage for the total crops (211,600) divided by acreage for the county (380,160) is 55.7 percent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Google Maps (Search for Augusta, AR)". Google. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  4. ^ "National Agricultural Statistics Service County Level Data". U.S. Department of Agriculture. 2014. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Monthly Averages for Augusta, AR" (Table). The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Monthly Snowfall Averages for Augusta, AR" (Table). Weather Database. Retrieved January 23, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "MUST SELL: 64 Speedway, Augusta Arkansas". STL Racing. Jan 6, 2008. 
  12. ^ "Michael John Gray". arkansashouse.org. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Jimmy Gunn". databaseSports.com. Retrieved Oct 2013.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  14. ^ "Ex-Aviator John Price Dies at 65". The Victoria Advocate. December 20, 1957. 
  15. ^ "Billy Ray Sr. Smith". Pro-Football Reference. Retrieved January 2014.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]