List of Augustae

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Augusta (Classical Latin: [awˈɡʊsta]; plural Augustae; Greek: αὐγούστα[1]), was a Roman imperial honorific title given to empresses and honoured women of the imperial families. It was the feminine form of Augustus In the third century, Augustae could also receive the titles of Mater Castrorum ("Mother of the Camp") and Mater Patriae ("Mother of the Fatherland").

The title implied the greatest prestige. Augustae could issue their own coinage, wear imperial regalia, rule their own courts.[1]

Principate period[edit]

Main article: Principate

Julio-Claudian dynasty[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Livia Drusilla Louvre Ma1233.jpg Livia
Livia Drvsilla
30 January 58 BC AD 14 Wife of Emperor Augustus. 28 September AD 29
Antonia minor pushkin.jpg Antonia Minor
Antonia Minor
31 January 36 BC
AD 41 Mother of Emperor Claudius. AD 37
Agripina Minor (M.A.N. Madrid) 01.jpg Agrippina the Younger
Ivlia Avgvsta Agrippina
7 November AD 15
Oppidum Ubiorum
AD 50 Wife of Emperor Claudius 23 March AD 59
Female portrait Louvre Ma1269.jpg Poppaea Sabina
Poppaea Avgvsta Sabina
AD 30
AD 63 Wife of Emperor Nero. AD 65
Claudia Augusta
Clavdia Avgvsta
21 January AD 63
AD 63 Daughter of Emperor Nero. April AD 63

Flavian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Flavian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Domitilla the Younger
Flavia Domitilla Avgvsta
45 Before 80 Daughter of Emperor Vespasian. 66

Nerva–Antonine dynasty[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Plotina - sestertius - RIC 0740.jpg Pompeia Plotina
Pompeia Plotina Clavdia Phoebe Piso
54–68 105 Wife of Emperor Trajan. 123
Marciana Coin.jpg Ulpia Marciana
Vlpia Marciana Avgvsta
48 105 Sister of Emperor Trajan. 112–114
Matidie 01.JPG Salonina Matidia
Salonina Matidia Avgvsta
4 July 68 112 Niece of Emperor Trajan. 23 December 119
Busto de Vibia Sabina (M. Prado) 01.jpg Vibia Sabina
Vibia Sabina Avgvsta
83 128 Wife of Emperor Hadrian. 136–137
Faustina02 pushkin.jpg Faustina the Elder
Annia Galeria Favstina Avgvsta Major
21 September 100 138 Wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius. 140
Faustina Minor Louvre Ma1144.jpg Faustina the Younger
Annia Galeria Favstina Avgvsta Minor
125–130 146 Daughter of Emperor Antoninus Pius; wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius; mother of Emperor Commodus. 175
040 Lucilla.jpg Lucilla
Annia Avrelia Galeria Lvcilla Avgvsta
148–150 164 Daughter of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and wife of Emperor Lucius Verus. 182
Crispina Augusta-aureus-RIC 0287.jpg Bruttia Crispina
Brvttia Crispina Avgvsta
177 Wife of Emperor Commodus. 191

Year of the Five Emperors[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Manlia scantilla.jpg Manlia Scantilla
Manlia Scantilla
193 Wife of Emperor Didius Julianus. 193
Didia Clara
Didia Clara
193 Daughter of Emperor Didius Julianus. Unknown

Severan dynasty[edit]

Main article: Severan dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Plautilla.jpg Fulvia Plautilla
Pvblia Fvlvia Plavtilla Avgvsta
185—189 210s Wife of Emperor Caracalla. 212
Julia Paula, marble (3rd century A.D.) - Ephesus Museum.JPG Julia Cornelia Paula
Jvlia Cornelia Pavla
219 First wife of Emperor Elagabalus.
Sestertius-Aquilia Severa-RIC 0390.jpg Aquilia Severa
Ivlia Aqvilia Severa Avgvsta
220 Second and fourth wife of Emperor Elagabalus.
Julia mammea01 pushkin.jpg Julia Avita Mamaea
Ivlia Avita Mamaea Avgvsta
180 222 Mother of Emperor Alexander Severus and co-regent, in his name, during his adolescence. 235
Sallustia Orbiana Louvre Ma1054.jpg Sallustia Orbiana
Seia Herennia Sallvstia Barbia Orbiana Avgvsta
225 Wife of Emperor Alexander Severus.

Crisis of the Third Century[edit]

Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Tranquillina - chiaramonti.jpg Tranquillina
Fvria Sabinia Tranqvillina Avgvsta
c. 225 241 Wife of Emperor Gordian III. After 244
Otacilia Severa Musei Capitolini MC2765.jpg Marcia Otacilia Severa
Marcia Otacilia Severa Avgvsta
240s Wife of the Emperor Philip the Arab.
Herennia Etruscilla coin.jpg Herennia Etruscilla
Annia Cvpressenia Herennia Etrvscilla Avgvsta
September 249 240s Wife of Emperor Trajan Decius; mother of Emperor Herennius Etruscus and Emperor Hostilian. June 251
RteMariniana Antoninianus.jpg Mariniana
Egnatia Mariniana Avgvsta
250s Wife of Emperor Valerian.
Antoninianus-Cornelia Supra-RIC 0030.jpg Cornelia Supra
Caia Cornelia Svpera Avgvsta
253 Wife of Aemilianus.
Портрет Корнелии Салонины.jpg Cornelia Salonina
Ivlia Cornelia Salonina Avgvsta
Unknown 253 Wife of Emperor Gallienus. 268
Sulpicia Dryantilla.jpg Sulpicia Dryantilla
Svlpicia Dryantilla
c. 260 Wife of usurper Emperor Regalianus, who named her avgvsta as part of legitimizing his claim. 260
Zenobia in Chains 1859 top.png Zenobia
Ivlia Avrelia Zenobia
240 267 Queen of the Palmyrene Empire, a short lived splinter empire that revolted during the Crisis. She proclaimed herself avgvsta and annexed the Eastern Mediterranean from Rome. c. 275
Severina Ant.jpg Ulpia Severina
Vlpia Severina Avgvsta
274 Wife of Emperor Aurelian; possibly reigned in her own right after the death of her husband in 275.
116 Magnia Urbica 23 mm ext.jpg Magnia Urbica
Magnia Vrbica Avgvsta
283 Wife of Emperor Carinus.

Dominate period[edit]

Main article: Dominate


Main article: Tetrarchy
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
123 Galeria Valeria.jpg Galeria Valeria
Galeria Valeria Avgvsta
308 Daughter of Emperor Diocletian and wife of Emperor Galerius. 315
Follis-Helena-trier RIC 465.jpg Helena of Constantinople
Flavia Ivlia Helena Avgvsta
246—250 After 312 Wife of Emperor Constantius Chlorus and mother of Constantine I. 18 August 330

Constantinian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Constantinian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Excideuil église vitrail choeur (7).JPG Constantina
307—317 After 312 Daughter of Emperor Constantine I. 354
Domitia Longina.jpg Albia Dominica
Albia Dominica Avgvsta
c. 337 364—378 Wife of Emperor Valens. After 378

Theodosian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Theodosian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
As-Aelia Flaccilla-antioch RIC 62.jpg Aelia Flaccilla
Aelia Flavia Flaccilla Avgvsta
Before 385 Wife of Emperor Theodosius I. 386
TAeliaEudoxia.jpg Aelia Eudoxia
Aelia Evdoxia Avgvsta
9 January 400 Wife of Emperor Arcadius and nominal ruler. 6 October 404
Pulcheria Coin.JPG Pulcheria
Aelia Pvlcheria Avgvsta
19 January 398–399 414 Daughter of Arcadius, sister of Theodosius II, sole ruler for a month following the death of Theodosius, co-ruler with her forced husband Marcian. July 453
As Galla Placidia RIC 2113.jpg Galla Placidia
Aelia Galla Placidia Avgvsta
392 c. 416 Daughter of Theodosius I, wife of Constantius III, regent for her son Valentinian III. 27 November 450
Alexander Nevsky Cathedral E1.jpg Aelia Eudocia
Aelia Evdocia Avgvsta
401 2 January 423 Wife of Theodosius II 20 October 460
Solidus-Honoria-RIC 2022.jpg Justa Grata Honoria
Ivsta Grata Honoria Avgvsta
After 426 Sister of Valentinian III.
Licinia Eudoxia.JPG Licinia Eudoxia
Licinia Evdoxia Avgvsta
422 439 Daughter of Theodosius II, Wife of Valentinian III. 462

Leonid dynasty[edit]

Main article: Leonid dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Aelia Zenonis
475 Wife of Basiliscus. 476–477

Byzantine period[edit]

Justinian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Justinian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Meister von San Vitale in Ravenna 008.jpg Theodora
Theodora Augusta
c. 500 9 August 527 Wife of Justinian I. 28 June 548
Aelia Sophia Augusta
568 Wife of Justin II, intermittent regent. c. 601
Ino Anastasia
Aelia Anastasia Augusta
578 Wife of Emperor Tiberius II. 593
Maurice follis with Constantina and Theodosius, Cherson mint.jpg Constantina
c. 560 582 Wife of Emperor Maurice. c. 605
602 Wife of Emperor Phocas.

Heraclian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Heraclian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
639 Daughter of Heraclius.
639 Second wife of Heraclius.
c. 630 642 Wife of Constans II. After 668

Isaurian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Isaurian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
25 August 718 Wife of Emperor Leo III the Isaurian.
741–742 Wife of Artabasdos.
1 April 769 Third wife of Emperor Constantine V.
Solidus-Irene-sb1599.jpg Irene of Athens
Eἰρήνη η Ἀθηναία
c. 752 17 December 769 Wife of Emperor Leo IV the Khazar, empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. 9 August 803

Nikephorian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Nikephorian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
c. 770 12 October 811 Daughter of Emperor Nikephoros I and wife of Michael I Rhangabe. After 813

Amorian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Amorian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Solidus-Michael III-sb1686.jpg Theodora
c. 815 830 Wife of Emperor Theophilos and regent. After 867
MadridSkylitzesDaughtersOfTheodoraFol44v.jpg Thekla
830s Daughter of Theophilos.
MadridSkylitzesDaughtersOfTheodoraFol44v.jpg Anna
830s Daughter of Emperor Theophilos.
MadridSkylitzesDaughtersOfTheodoraFol44v.jpg Anastasia
830s Daughter of Emperor Theophilos.

Macedonian dynasty[edit]

Main article: Macedonian dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Zoe Zaoutzaina
Ζωή Ζαούτζαινα
898 Third wife of Leo VI the Wise May 899
921 Wife of Romanos I. 20 February 922
Helena Lekapene
Ἑλένη Λεκαπηνή
c. 910 February 922 Wife of Constantine VII. 19 September 961
February 922 Wife of Christopher Lekapenos.
933 Daughter of Gabalas and wife of Stephen Lekapenos.

Komnenid dynasty[edit]

Main article: Komnenid dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Catherine of Bulgaria
before 1018 1057 Empress-consort of Emperor Isaac I Komnenos. after 1059

Doukid dynasty[edit]

Main article: Doukid dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Romanus IV histamenon with co-rulers.jpg Eudokia Makrembolitissa
Ευδοκία Μακρεμβολίτισσα
c. 1021 1059–1067 Second wife of Emperor Constantine X Doukas and later became the wife of Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes. 1096

Komnenid dynasty[edit]

Main article: Komnenid dynasty
Portrait Name Birth Date of naming Description Death
Anna Dalassena
Ἄννα Δαλασσηνή
1025 1081 Mother of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos. 1102

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kazhdan 1991, pp. 694–695.