Mathurin Auguste Balthasar Barbereau (14 November 1799 – 14 July 1879) was a French composer and music theorist.
Barberau was born in Paris. He entered the Conservatoire de Paris in 1810 and received numerous prizes. He was awarded with the Prix de Rome in 1824 for his cantata Agnes Sorel with text by Pierre-Ange Vieillard. He conducted many orchestras in several theatres, especially the Théâtre Italien between 1836–38.
Many times he replaced Anton Reicha, who had been his teacher in the class of composition of the Conservatory. Among his disciples are Ambroise Thomas, Ernest Guiraud, and Charles Delioux. He wrote the score of the opera Les Sybarites de Florence, and took part in a variety of symphonies and concert works. But the real contribution of Barbereau is his theoretical work, among them his Traité d'harmonie théoretique et pratique (1843–45), considered the most important scientific work published hitherto on this subject. After this work he published a curious Étude sur l'origine du système musical (Paris, 1852), which gave rise to great controversy.
Auguste Barbereau died suddenly in an omnibus in Paris, after he had been teaching at the Conservatory.
- Académie des inscriptions & belles-lettres (France) (1825). Journal des savants (in French). Librairie Klincksieck. p. 634. ISSN 0021-8103.
- Musimem. "Prix de Rome 1824". Musimem.com. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
- Thomas, Joseph (210). The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology. Cosimo, Inc. p. 263. ISBN 161-640-069-2.
- Norman MacColl, ed. (1879). The Athenæum: a journal of literature, science, the fine arts, music, and the drama. John C. Francis. p. 156. OCLC 4856498.
- This article is based on the translation of the corresponding article of the French Wikipedia. A list of contributors can be found there at the History section.
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