Auguste Hirschauer

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General Auguste-Édouard Hirschauer, Chief of French Military Aeronautics, contemplating changes to the French Aviation Service, 1917
With Mustafa Kemal Bey (Atatürk) during the Picardie army manoeuvres.

André Auguste Édouard Hirschauer (16 June 1857 in Saint-Avold, Moselle, France – 27 December 1943 in Versailles, Yvelines, France). He was a French lieutenant general in the First World War and from 1920 to 1936 representatives of Lorraine in the Senate.[1][2]

At the start of 1914, General Hirschauer was in command of a brigade of balloons comprising the 1st and 8th Combat Engineer Regiments of Versailles. On 8 February he was appointed Chief of Staff of Paris dealing with engineering of the area southwest of Paris and worked under the command of General Gallieni.

But at the outbreak of the war, Hirschauer requested to be sent to the front. He became commander of the 29th Infantry Brigade, and then the 63rd Infantry Division. Promoted to general, he was put in charge of the 18th Army Corps and later the 9th Army Corps, to end the war as commander of the Second Army.

After the armistice, he was named governor of Strasbourg and retired from service in 1919.


  • Auguste-Édouard Hirschauer, Paris en état de défense 1914
  • Auguste-Édouard Hirschauer, Les armées aériennes 1927


  1. ^ La Moselle Et Ses Soldats: Dictionnaire Biographique Des Gloires ... Pierre Brasme - 1999 -- Page 105 "Hirschauer Auguste-Édouard Général de division du génie - Né le 16 juin 1857 à Saint-Avold, où son père Charles-Edouard est commissaire de police, Auguste Hirschauer entre à Polytechnique en 1876 puis suit les cours de l'Ecole ..."
  2. ^ Robert Bowman Bruce A Fraternity of Arms: America and France in the Great War -2003 Page 19 "During the course of the meeting, the French politicians and the squadron's American advocates managed to convince the head of the Service Aeronau- tique, General Auguste Hirschauer, of the merits of the plan. At the conclusion of the .."

Military offices
Preceded by
Pierre Roques
Permanent Inspector of Military Aeronautics
Succeeded by
Félix Paul Antoine Bernard
Preceded by
Félix Paul Antoine Bernard
Director of Military Aeronautics
Title next held by
Henry Jacques Regnier
In 1916