|Member of Parliament
|Preceded by||Aloyce Kimaro|
|11th Minister of Home Affairs|
|Preceded by||Nalaila Kiula|
|Succeeded by||Ernest Nyanda|
|Member of Parliament
for Moshi Rural
31 December 1944 |
|Political party||Tanzania Labour Party|
Augustino Lyatonga Mrema (born 31 December 1944) is a Tanzanian politician and chairman of the Tanzania Labour Party (TLP) party. Mrema is a member of the Chaga tribe from Kiraracha Village near Mount Kilimanjaro. He is the second of five siblings.
From 1955 until 1963, Mrema attended primary and secondary education at Moshi, thereafter joining St.Patrick Teachers training college also in Moshi where he finished his Secondary education in 1965. In 1968 Mrema sat for the Cambridge University O-level exams. He joined the Kivukoni Political Education College, after which he was sent to Marangu for further training.
Mrema has been in the Tanzania Government, National Security Organisation and the CCM party since 1966; he held various positions including:
- Rural Civics Teacher 1974-1980
- Teacher at the National Security College 1980-1982
- Assistant Deputy for National Security in the Dodoma Region 1982-1984
- Chief Deputy for National Security in Dodoma Region 1983-1984
- Chief Deputy for National Security in Shinyanga Region 1985-1987
Even though Mrema has contested every presidential election in Tanzania since the country instituted a multiparty system in the early 1990s, his political career started in 1985 when he tried to run for MP in his home district of Kilimanjaro. His candidacy was blocked by the High Court, and in 1987 he was officially announced as the winner after a lengthy appeals process. He was able to retain his seat in 1990 without stiff competition. The fact that he was an MP enabled the president to appoint him to various cabinet positions. From 1990 to 1995 Mrema held various cabinet and high level government positions:
- Minister of Interior 1990-1994
- Deputy Prime Minister 1993-1994
- Minister of Labour, Development and Sports 1994-1995
Mrema left CCM in 1995 and joined a new political party National Convention for Construction and Reform-Mageuzi. In the first multiparty election in 1995, he ran on the ticket of the National Convention for Construction and Reform-Mageuzi (NCCR-Mageuzi) party and won 27.77% of the vote. He finished third behind incumbent President Benjamin Mkapa of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party and Ibrahim Lipumba of the Civic United Front (CUF), capturing 7.80% of the vote, this time on the ticket of the TLP. Running again as the TLP presidential candidate in the 14 December 2005 elections, Mrema was fourth out of ten candidates, winning 0.75% of the vote.