Augustinian Friary of the Most Holy Trinity, Dublin

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Most Holy Trinity, Dublin
Monastery information
Order Order of Saint Augustine
Established c. 1259
Disestablished 1540
Dedicated to The Most Holy Trinity
Diocese Dublin
People
Founder(s) The Talbot family
Site
Location Dublin, Ireland
Visible remains Underground, one subterranean wall in St. Cecilia St.
Public access No

The Augustinian Friary of the Most Holy Trinity was an Augustinian (Order of Saint Augustine (mendicants)[1])[2] Roman Catholic Priory,[3] founded c. 1259,[4][5][6] by the family of Talbot[7] on the south bank of the River, in what is now Crow Street,[8][9] Dublin. At the time the priory was built, it was just outside the city walls.[10] The Friary most likely followed the design of the parent priory Clare Priory in the town of Clare, Suffolk (England).[11] The Friary was suppressed[12] in 1540 when it was described as a "church with belfry, a hall and dormitory".[8][13][14] The friars continued to operate in secret within the city.[10] and there are several mentions of them in the city archives until the late 1700s when they consecrated a new church.

Very little is known of the Augustinian Friary,[15] and the full extent of the friary lands and ancillary buildings have not yet been established,[16] though the area contained by Temple Lane, Temple Bar, Fownes Street Upper and Cecilia Street, is believed to mark the boundaries of the friary.

The site is shown on John Speed's map of 'Dubline' (1610)(number 11),[17] has been partially excavated, and is listed on the National Monuments Service database,[18][19][20] Those excavations revealed; c. 70 burials of late 12th -14th century (1993),[21] surviving remains of the friary on the E side of Cecilia House (1995 (test excavations))[22] and, in 1996 excavations exposed a section of wall with a relieving arch and a corner tower.[23][24][25]

Discussion[edit]

No description of the original friary exists, however, much detail exists on similar and contemporaneous Augustinian friaries in England. Archdall in his 'Monasticon' [26] states "This monastery was very considerable, erected on the banks of the River Liffey, and was the General College for all the Augustinian Friers in Ireland". The buildings alone covered one and a half acres,[27] and would have followed the pattern of an English Augustinian friary, with a number of individual buildings around a courtyard, including - Church, Cloisters [28] leading to a dining room, dormitory buildings, a kitchen, the Prior's house, with a building set aside for sick and elderly friars, a bakehouse, guesthouse, a house for students, a novitiate house and a house for laybrothers, a garden and also a farm.

Note[edit]

From the discussion on User Talk - this is the original Augustinian 'Convento' in Ireland (see Torelli, and Herrera for researchers interested in the Augustinian Order and Allemand generally). The Community of Augustinians (Friar Hermits (O.S.A.)) in this location remained in the area and moved to the site of the old Hospital of St. John the Baptist outside the Newgate[29] sometime in the middle to late 1700s (see Butler on John's Lane). This site had previously been under the rule of St. Augustine and was a Crozier Hospital when suppressed, Brooks mentions in his translation of the Register (currently in the Bodleain library[30]) that the hospital was under the care of the Trinitarians when founded (who were also under the Augustinian rule). There are several mentions of the Augustinians (O.S.A.) in city documents prior to Catholic emancipation. The Augustinians (O.S.A.) currently have sites in Dublin at John's Lane, Orlagh, Ballyboden and Finglas. (The (a.k.a. Austin) Friars (O.S.A.)) should not be confused with the Canons Regular of St Augustine, who were also in Dublin at that time and who were introduced to Dublin by St. Laurence O Toole in 1163 (Augustinians.ie/history)(see reference inserted above by Casey who appears to have confused them), they (Canons Regular of St. Augustine) had approx. 130 Irish houses at their zenith. The other orders under the rule of St. Augustine in Ireland were Friars and Canons apart, Arrosians, Croziers, Premonstratensians, Sack Friars, Trinitarians and Victorines.

This note will be deleted at some future time

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-28. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  2. ^ Order of St. Augustine
  3. ^ Priory
  4. ^ Order of Saint Augustine#Ireland
  5. ^ Martin, F. X. (1956). "The Augustinian friaries in Pre-Reformation Ireland". Augustiniana. Augustinian Historical Institute (Belgium). (VI) 1956: 347–384. 
  6. ^ Crusensis, N. (1629). Pars tertia Monastici Augustiniani, completens epitomen historicam FF. Augustinensium: magna ordinis unione usque ad an. 1620 cum additamentis Revmi. P.M. Fr. Josephi Lanteri. p. 408. 
  7. ^ Gilbert., J.T., M.R.I.A (1861). A history of the City of Dublin, in Three Volumes (Hardback). 1. Dublin: James Duffy. p. 170 owned by Author. 
  8. ^ a b Brenan, Michael John (1840). An Ecclesiastical History of Ireland: From the introduction of Christianity into that country, to the year 1829. 1. Dublin: John Coyne. pp. 413–414. 
  9. ^ Casey, Christine (2005). Dublin: The City Within the Grand and Royal Canals and the Circular Road with the Phoenix Park. Yale University Press. p. 440. ISBN 0300109237. 
  10. ^ a b Kelly, David (2005). "The Augustinians in Dublin". Dublin Historical Record. Old Dublin Society. 58 (2): 169–173. 
  11. ^ conversation with the prior of St. John's Priory Dublin (August 2014)
  12. ^ Dissolution of the Monasteries#Ireland
  13. ^ Gilbert, J.T., M.R.I.A. (1861). A history of the City of Dublin, in Three Volumes (Hardback). 2. Dublin: James Duffy. p. Appendix 1–11, owned by Author. 
  14. ^ Gywnn, Aubrey; Hadcock, Richard Neville (1970). Mediaeval Religious Houses:Ireland with a foreword by David Knowles. Longmans. p. 299. ISBN 058211229X. 
  15. ^ Gowan 1996:091 Archived April 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Gowan 1996:069 Archived April 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ File:Dublin_in_1610_-_reprint_of_1896.jpg
  18. ^ http://webgis.archaeology.ie/NationalMonuments/FlexViewer [DU18-0020046]
  19. ^ "Written Answers: Preservation of Archaeological Remains". Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). 22 May 1996. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  20. ^ Excavations.ie"1 Cecilia Street/17-19 Temple Lane, Dublin". excavations.ie. Archived from the original on 2014-04-15. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  21. ^ Reid 1994, 29
  22. ^ Gowen 1996, 17-18
  23. ^ Simpson 1997, 20-21
  24. ^ FMD map (1978) H3
  25. ^ Clarke, H.B. Simms, Anngret; Clarke, H.B.; Gillespie, Raymond; Andrews, J.H; Gearty, Sarah, eds. Dublin: Part 1, to 1610. Irish historic towns atlas ; no.11. ISBN 1874045895. 
  26. ^ Archdall, Mervyn (1786). Monasticon Hibernicum, or, the Monastical History of Ireland. pp. 313–314. 
  27. ^ Butler, Thomas C. (1983). John's Lane:a history of the Augustinian Friars in Dublin 1280 - 1980. 
  28. ^ (from Latin claustrum, "enclosure") is a covered walk, open gallery, or open arcade running along the walls of buildings and forming a quadrangle or garth
  29. ^ Newgate Prison, Dublin
  30. ^ Bodleian Library

External links[edit]

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