Augustinus Terwesten

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Augustinus Terwesten
Terwesten Augustin Selbstportrait.jpg
Self-portrait circa 1700
Born (1649-05-04)4 May 1649
the Hague
Died (1711-01-21)21 January 1711
Nationality Nederland
Known for Painting, engraving
Movement Baroque

Augustinus Terwesten (4 May 1649 in The Hague – 21 January 1711 in Berlin) was a 17th-century painter from the northern Netherlands specialized in portraits, architectural, and historical themes.

Early years in the Hague[edit]

Augustinus Terwesten studied with a painter named Wielin in the Hague who later went to serve Frederick Willem von Brandenburg.[1] He then took lessons from Willem Doudyns for two years before setting off on a Grand Tour through Germany to Italy in 1672, where he spent three years.[1]

Grand Tour to Rome and the Bentvueghels[edit]

In Rome he became a member of the painters' circle known as the Bentvueghels, where he earned the nickname "Patrysvogel", or partridge, after the story of Perdix by Ovid.[1][2] He went back to the Hague via France and England, and was gone for a total of 6 years.[1] In 1678 he set up a workshop in the Hague specialized in wall and ceiling decorations.[2] 1682–1683 he helped to set up the Drawing Academy in the Hague set up by the "Confrerie Pictura".[1]

German professor[edit]

In 1692 he became court painter to the son of his former royal patron, Frederick I of Prussia, in Berlin, and talked him into sponsoring an Akademie der Künste.[1] After overseeing the building of this academy which was completed in 1697, he became professor there and lived there until his death in 1711.[1] He taught both of his brothers Elias and Mattheus Terwesten, but also the painters Frans Beeldemaker, Nikolaus Bruno Belau, Andries Bertoen, Jacobus Bisschop, Nicolaes Hooft, and Cornelis Michiarus.[2]

He is remembered today for his historical allegories and portraits.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g (in Dutch) Augustinus Terwesten Biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  2. ^ a b c Augustinus Terwesten in the RKD

External links[edit]

  • Vermeer and The Delft School, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Augustinus Terwesten