Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
|Augusto C. Sandino International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional Augusto C. Sandino
|IATA: MGA – ICAO: MNMG|
|Owner||Republica de Nicaragua|
|Operator||EAAI (Empresa Administradora de Aeropuertos Internacionales)|
|Elevation AMSL||59 m / 194 ft|
Augusto C. Sandino International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Augusto C. Sandino) (IATA: MGA, ICAO: MNMG) or ACS is the main airport in Managua, Nicaragua. Named as Las Mercedes Airport in 1968 it was later renamed Augusto C. Sandino International Airport during the Sandinista regime in the 1980s and again in 2001 to Managua International Airport by then president Arnoldo Alemán. Its name was changed once more in February 2007 to its current name by President Daniel Ortega to honor the Sandinista regime.
The runway at the airport is 8,012 ft long, and it is located at an elevation of 194 feet. With 1.4 million passengers in 2013, ACS is currently the fifth busiest airport by passenger traffic in Central America and it also serves as a focus city for the Panamanian airline Copa Airlines. Augusto C. Sandino International Airport has direct scheduled service to destinations in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America and South America.
Before ACS, there was the old Xolotlan Airport, about 2 miles east of Managua, built in 1915 which very soon became too small for Managua's airline service growth. Thus, on January 22, 1942, the Nicaraguan Government and Pan American Airways signed a contract to construct an airport by Las Mercedes Country Estate which inspired the name for Las Mercedes Airport. Las Mercedes was further upgraded, re-designed to handle Boeing 707 aircraft, and re-inaugurated on July 4, 1968 by Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
In the early 1970s, Las Mercedes was expanded to more modern standards, such as four health inspectors, eight immigration officers and ten customs inspectors. It was considered fully equipped, having air conditioning, background music, loudspeakers and conveyor belts for baggage handling. It also had a restaurant on its upper floor where visitors and travelers could see airport movement.
The expanded airport could serve three aircraft at once and by 1975 LANICA, the National Airline of Nicaragua, as well as many well known carriers Pan Am, KLM (Royal Dutch Airlines), Taca Airlines, Sahsa, Avianca, Iberia, SAM, TAN, Varig, and smaller local carriers, flew into Las Mercedes. When the Sandinistas took power, the airport was named after Augusto César Sandino, a Nicaraguan revolutionary and guerrilla leader, after whom the Sandinista movement is named. The Sandinistas however did not maintain the airport, and it began to deteriorate until it was expanded and remodeled in 1996, when, among other things, two new boarding bridges were installed. The airport was renamed "Managua International Airport" in 2001 by then President Arnoldo Alemán and renamed again in 2007 to its current name by President Daniel Ortega In mid 2007, President Daniel Ortega renamed the airport in honor of Sandino. Nicaraguan artist Róger Pérez de la Rocha has created many two large portraits of Augusto César Sandino, and Rubén Darío which they lay at the airports lobby.
Las Mercedes served for a very long time as a hub for Nicaragua's flag carriers Lanica (until 1978), Aeronica from 1979 to the 80's and NICA afterwards. When NICA became a member of Grupo TACA during the 1990s, the number of important connections to the rest of Latin America from which ACS grew considerably.
According to EAAI (Empresa Administradora de Aeropuertos Internacionales) ACS is the most modern airport in Central America and the 4th safest in the world. It is located just 11 km (7 mi) from Managua's downtown, has a runway which measures 8,015 ft (2,443 m) in length and is at an elevation of 194 ft (59 m).
Embraer 190s, Airbus A300, Airbus A310, Airbus A320, Airbus A330, Airbus 340 Boeing 737s, Boeing 747s, Boeing 757s, Boeing 767s, Lockheed L-1011 TriStars and McDonnell Douglas DC-10s can land at the airport.
A large expansion programme was underway by 2003 and as of July 2006 the final phase was completed with 7 gates equipped with jetways, and room for 20 airplanes to park. It had been reported in the recent past that the runway would be lengthened by 800 m (2,625 ft), but to date this projected has not begun, despite the government's great achievements in building new airports elsewhere in Nicaragua, or greatly overhauling existing airport/airfield infrastructure in other locations as well.
About 360 individuals are employed at the airport. Facilities within the airport include a tourist information desk, bank, restaurants, bars, post office, souvenir shops, duty-free shops, lounges and more. To make use of the VIP lounge there are five rate options: Normal, Corporate, Affiliated Credit Cards, Minors and Infants. The types of services in the VIP lounge include checking baggage and documents with customs and immigration plus the airline; a bar service; snacks etc.
Airlines and destinations
|Aero Caribbean||Havana, San Pedro Sula||I|
|Aeroméxico Connect||Mexico City||I|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson (begins December 22, 2016)||I|
|American Airlines||Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami||I|
|Avianca||Miami, San José (CR), San Salvador, Guatemala City||I|
|Copa Airlines||Guatemala City, Panama City–Tocumen, San José (CR)||I|
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta
Seasonal: Los Angeles
|La Costeña||Bluefields, Bonanza, Emerald Coast, Corn Island, Puerto Cabezas, San Juan de Nicaragua (Greytown), Ometepe, Rosita, San Carlos, Siuna, Tegucigalpa, Waspan
Charter: Montelimar Beach
|Nature Air||San José (Costa Rica)||I|
|Spirit Airlines||Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental||I|
|Veca Airlines||San Salvador,||I|
1 D = Domestic Terminal, I = International Terminal.
Airline traffic departures and arrivals
|Airline||Percentage of Passengers Transported (2015)|
|Avianca El Salvador||20%|
|Delta Air Lines||7%|
|Rank||City||Passengers per week||Airlines|
|1||Miami, Florida||4,446||American Airlines, Avianca El Salvador|
|2||Houston, Texas||2,656||Spirit Airlines, United Airlines|
|3||San José de Costa Rica||2,595||Avianca Costa Rica, Copa Airlines, Nature Air.|
|4||Panama City, Panama||1,548||Copa Airlines|
|5||Guatemala City, Guatemala||1,548||Avianca Guatemala, Copa Airlines|
|6||San Salvador, El Salvador||1,356||Avianca El Salvaldor|
|7||Atlanta,Georgia||1,050||Delta Air Lines|
|8||Fort Lauderdale||890||Spirit Airlines|
|9||Mexico City, Mexico||456||Aeromexico|
|10||Los Angeles||TBD||Delta Air Lines|
|11||San Salvador, El Salvador||150||Veca|
|12||Toronto, Canada||1188||Air Canada|
- Velásquez SevillaMi, Mirna. "Aeropuerto vuelve a ser Sandino". La Prensa (in Spanish). Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "Aeropuerto Internacional "Augusto C. Sandino"" (PDF) (in Spanish). EAAI. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2008.
- Westcott, Kathryn (May 22, 2006). "Flying from where?; Cultural Heritage". BBC News. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "History". EAAI. Archived from the original on August 10, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "Managua International Airport". Airplanes.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "Cultural", El Nuevo Diario, 19 February 2000
- "Technical Information". EAAI. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "Projects in Progress". EAAI. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "VIP Lounge". EAAI. Archived from the original on August 9, 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- "Air Transat unveils its winter 2016-17 flight program - Offering 34 Sun destinations from 22 Canadian cities". transat.com. 24 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "American Airlines Customers Gain More Access To Mexico, The Caribbean And Latin America With Six New Routes". Yahoo Finance. January 29, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Delta Air Lines Newsroom - News Archive". Retrieved June 4, 2015.