Augusto, Michaela, and Lorenzo Odone
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Augusto Daniel Odone|
March 6, 1933
October 24, 2013 (aged 80)|
Acqui Terme, Piedmont, Italy
|Known for||Inventor of Lorenzo's oil|
Michaela Teresa Murphy|
January 10, 1939
Yonkers, New York
June 10, 2000 (aged 61)|
|Known for||Inventor of Lorenzo's oil|
Lorenzo Michael Murphy Odone|
May 29, 1978
Washington, D.C., U.S
May 30, 2008 (aged 30)|
Fairfax, Virginia, U.S
|Known for||Adrenoleukodystrophy patient|
Augusto Daniel Odone (March 6, 1933 – October 24, 2013) and Michaela Teresa Murphy Odone (January 10, 1939 – June 10, 2000) were the parents of Lorenzo Michael Murphy Odone (May 29, 1978 – May 30, 2008), a child with the illness adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). They became famous for developing a controversial treatment using Lorenzo's oil, for their son's incurable illness, and this quest was recounted in the film Lorenzo's Oil (1992). Augusto had previously been an economist for the World Bank.
In recognition of the parents' work, Augusto Odone received an honorary doctorate from the University of Stirling. He continued to raise funds and drive the scientific task force known as The Myelin Project until his death. Michaela Odone battled cancer for some time and died of lung cancer on June 10, 2000, at the age of 61.
Lorenzo died the day after his 30th birthday. He was almost totally paralyzed but was, according to his father Augusto, "holding his own". He was unable to speak or move on his own. He communicated by wiggling his fingers and blinking his eyes. His mind was intact and he enjoyed music and having people read to him. "Certainly, he has good days and bad days, he is bedridden and he cannot eat more than through a tube… but his mind is still there. He likes that we read to him, that we play music for him and he knows who is around him". He lived with his father in Virginia and was cared for by nurses and his family friend, Oumouri Hassane.
In mid-2010, two years after Lorenzo's death, Augusto Odone sold his home in Virginia and moved to Acqui Terme in his native Italy, near his father's village of Gamalero where he lived when he was young. He died there on 24 October 2013, at the age of 80, and was survived by the son and daughter from his first marriage, as well as a grandchild by his daughter Cristina Odone.
This severe form of adrenoleukodystrophy was first described by Ernst Siemerling and Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt in 1923. Lorenzo was diagnosed in 1984, using a new blood test that had been recently developed. People with the disease were usually young boys (5–10 years old), who would gradually become mute, deaf, blind and paralysed before dying, which typically happened within two years due to aspiration or neurological causes.
Augusto and Michaela refused to accept this grim prognosis, and fought to find a treatment for their son's fatal disease, clashing time after time with doctors, specialists, and support groups, some of whom were skeptical that two average citizens could produce a cure. With the help of Hugo Moser, and through long hours of research and study, the Odones, who had had no previous medical background, came up with a treatment. This treatment involved the consumption of a specially prepared oil, which became known as "Lorenzo's oil". Patients suffering from a related condition, adrenomyeloneuropathy, showed no clinical improvement after being treated with Lorenzo's Oil.
The Odones had an important role both in developing Lorenzo's oil and in setting up The Myelin Project, which promotes and carries out research on ALD and other similar disorders. Michaela also insisted on continuing to treat her incapacitated son as a human being and not a "vegetable", helping him devise a means of communicating with her and others through the blinking of his eyes and the wiggling of his fingers.
The Odones' story was first depicted in the 1990 Italian television film Voglia di vivere, starring Tomas Milian and Dominique Sanda. It was later made into the 1992 film Lorenzo's Oil, in which Augusto was played by Nick Nolte and Michaela by Susan Sarandon, who through her involvement with the movie, became the spokesperson of the Myelin Project.
The 1994 episode of The Critic entitled "Dr. Jay", in which the main character Jay Sherman works to discover a cure for his boss' terminal disease was a send-up of the story.
- "Lorenzo Odone Subject of Lorenzo's Oil, the film portraying his parents' quest to cure his degenerative disease". The Telegraph. Jun 1, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- "Obituary: Augusto Odone". The Telegraph. June 1, 2008. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "Michaela Odone, 61, the 'Lorenzo's Oil' Mother Dies" by Wolfgang Saxon, June 10, 2000, The New York Times.
- New Scientist
- "Obituaries: Lorenzo Odone". The Telegraph. 1 Jun 2008. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- Augusto Odone - Telegraph
- Siemerling E, Creutzfeldt HG (1923). "Bronzekrankheit und sklerosierende Encephalomyelitis". Arch. Psychiat. Neurokrankh. 68 (1): 217–44. doi:10.1007/BF01835678.
- "Hugo Moser". The Guardian. 2007-02-21. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
In truth, Hugo, who diagnosed Lorenzo back in 1984 as suffering with ALD, was too intellectually curious to dismiss Lorenzo's oil simply because it was the finding of two lay people
- Odone A, Odone M (June 1994). "More on Lorenzo's oil". The New England Journal of Medicine. 330 (26): 1904–5. doi:10.1056/NEJM199406303302615. PMID 8196741.
- Aubourg P, Adamsbaum C, Lavallard-Rousseau MC, Rocchiccioli F, Cartier N, Jambaqué I, Jakobezak C, Lemaitre A, Boureau F, Wolf C (September 1993). "A two-year trial of oleic and erucic acids ("Lorenzo's oil") as treatment for adrenomyeloneuropathy". The New England Journal of Medicine. 329 (11): 745–52. doi:10.1056/NEJM199309093291101. PMID 8350883.
- Augusto Odone. L'olio di Lorenzo. Una storia d'amore. Mondadori, 2011. ISBN 8804611081.
- Billboard on PC Archived June 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- Remembering Michaela, an article by Augusto Odone
- The Myelin Project
- Real-Life Sequel to Lorenzo's Oil Describes the death of Hugo Moser, the doctor who worked with the Odones, and his later work to develop a test that would spot ALD in newborn babies.
- Kugler, Mary. "ALD and Lorenzo's Oil". About. Retrieved 2006-06-03.
- Vedantam, Shankar. "A Real-Life Sequel to 'Lorenzo's Oil'; After His Death, Scientist's Work May Bear Fruit." The Washington Post. January 28, 2007.