Augustus the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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For other people with the same name, see Augustus of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Augustus the Elder
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Noble family House of Welf
Father William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Dorothea of Denmark
Born 18 November 1568
Died 1 October 1636 (1636-11) (aged 67)

Augustus the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (18 November 1568 – 1 October 1636) was the Lutheran Bishop of Ratzeburg from 1610 to 1636 and the Prince of Lüneburg from 1633 to 1636.


Augustus was born in 1564 as the fifth of fifteen children and the son of William the Younger and his wife Dorothea of Denmark. As a young man he was a colonel in the service of Rudolf II and fought in the campaigns against France and Turkey. In 1610 Augustus became the Lutheran administrator of the Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg.

In order to prevent hereditary aspirations the Ratzeburg cathedral chapter, the elective body, insisted that on ascending to power in the prince-bishopric (an elective monarchy), Augustus committed himself in his election capitulation not to marry. Nevertheless he lived with Ilse Schmidtchen in a 'marriage-like relationship.'[1] and had 12 children by her. These were later elevated to the hereditary peerage under the name von Lüneburg. In 1633 Augustus succeeded his brother, Christian, who had died, as Prince of Lüneburg. During the Thirty Years War he continued the policy of neutrality started by his brother. He died in Celle in 1636.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Christa Geckler, Die Celler Herzöge - Leben und Wirken 1371-1705, p. 73


External links[edit]

Augustus the Elder, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: 1568 Died: 1636
German nobility
Religious titles
Preceded by
Administrator of the
Prince-Bishopric of Ratzeburg

Succeeded by
Gustavus Adolphus of Mecklenburg
German nobility
Preceded by
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Lüneburg

Succeeded by
Frederick IV