Aulis (ancient Greece)
Aulis (Ancient Greek: Αὐλίς) was a Greek port-town, located in ancient Boeotia in central Greece, at the Euripus Strait, opposite of the island of Euboea. Livy states that Aulis was distant 3 miles (4.8 km) from Chalcis.
According to legend (The Iliad) the Greek fleet gathered in Aulis to set off for Troy. However, the departure was prevented by Artemis, who stopped the wind to punish Agamemnon, who had killed a deer in a sacred grove and boasted he was the better hunter. The fleet was only able to sail off after Agamemnon had sacrificed his eldest daughter Iphigenia. Strabo says that the harbour of Aulis could only hold fifty ships, and that therefore the Greek fleet must have assembled in the large port in the neighbourhood, called Βαθὺς λιμὴν. Aulis appears to have stood upon a rocky height, since it is called by Homer Αὐλὶς πετρήεσσα, and by Strabo πετρῶδες χωρίον.
In 396 BCE Spartan king Agesilaus II, imitating Agamemnon, chose Aulis to sail to Asia with his army. On the eve of sailing Thebans intervened and drove Agesilaus out of Boeotia. This event has been seen as the origin of Agesilaus' personal hatred towards Thebes, which greatly influenced the relationship between Sparta and Thebes over the next 25 years until the decisive Battle of Leuctra.
- Livy. Ab Urbe Condita Libri (History of Rome). 45.27.
- Xenophon, Hellenica iii
- Strabo. Geographica. ix. p.403. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
- Homer. Iliad. 2.303.
- Dicaearch. 88; Pausanias. Description of Greece. 9.19.6. , et seq.
- Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 4.7.12.
- Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 59, and directory notes accompanying.
- Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.