Aumont-Aubrac

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Aumont-Aubrac
A general view of Aumont-Aubrac
A general view of Aumont-Aubrac
Coat of arms of Aumont-Aubrac
Coat of arms
Aumont-Aubrac is located in France
Aumont-Aubrac
Aumont-Aubrac
Coordinates: 44°43′25″N 3°17′05″E / 44.7236°N 3.2847°E / 44.7236; 3.2847Coordinates: 44°43′25″N 3°17′05″E / 44.7236°N 3.2847°E / 44.7236; 3.2847
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Lozère
Arrondissement Mende
Canton Aumont-Aubrac
Area1 26.53 km2 (10.24 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 1,111
 • Density 42/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 48009 /48130
Elevation 970–1,165 m (3,182–3,822 ft)
(avg. 1,041 m or 3,415 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aumont-Aubrac is a former commune in the Lozère department in the Occitanie region of southern France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Peyre-en-Aubrac.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aumonais or Aumonaises.[2]

Geography[edit]

Aumont-Aubrac is located some 12 km south of Saint-Chély-d'Apcher and some 35 km north by north-west of Mende. Access to the commune is by the A75 autoroute which passes through the length of the commune from north to south with Exit 35 north of the town and Exit 36 south of the town. Access to the town is by road D809 from Saint-Chély-d'Apcher in the north, inersecting Exit 35 on the A75 and continuing south to the village then onwards parallel to the A75. The D987 goes west from the village to Malbouzon. The D50 goes south-east from the village to Javols. The D7 goes north-east from the village to Fontans. There is a railway line running north to south with a railway station in the town. Apart from the town there are the villages of Nozieres in the north-west, and La Croix, Le Crouzet, La Chouzet, and La Chazotte south of the town. The commune is mostly farmland with some scattered forests and an urban area around the town and at La Croix.[3]

The Railway station

The Ruisseau des Rivières rises in the south of the commune and flows north gathering many tributaries to join the Rimeize just north of the commune. The Ruisseau de la Gazelle rises in the east of the commune and flows east to join the Truyère. The Ruisseau du Moulin rises in the west of the commune and flows south then east along part of the southern border to join the Triboulin south of Longuesagne. The Ruisseau du Bouchet rises in the south of the commune and flows south parallel to the railway line to join the Ruisseau du Moulin on the southern border.[3]

The commune has had the official French label of "Village Étape" since 2002 which means it meets certain criteria regarding accommodation restaurants, and other facilities for tourists.

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The village name in Occitan is Autmont (pronounced [awmu] or [zawmu] with the second form only used by Occitan speakers in the surrounding communes. The use of a prosthetic "z" before "a" or "u" is typical of the Auvergnat dialect of the region. The commune is at the southern limit of Auvergne.

The name Aumont-Aubrac is derived from the Latin altum montem meaning "high mountain".

History[edit]

Aumont-Aubrac was at the crossroads of ancient routes between Auvergne and Lyon - Toulouse.

Aumont was a station on the Way of Agrippa which connected Javols to Puech Cremat.

In Roman times Aumont was part of the barony of Peyre, one of the eight baronies of Gévaudan.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aumont-Aubrac
Blazon:

Gules, a chateau of Argent masoned in Sable posed on a rock the same joined to base, charged with an inescutcheon of Or with an eagle Azure.



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall and the fountain with the Beast of Gevaudan

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Alain Astruc UMP General Councillor

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 1,111 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
928 919 1,020 1,007 1,002 1,020 1,083 1,039 1,075
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,077 1,007 999 1,038 1,055 1,246 1,161 1,263 1,298
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,282 1,318 1,357 1,226 1,173 1,095 1,200 1,113 1,010
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
1,116 1,037 1,034 1,049 1,050 1,031 - 1,111 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aumont-Aubrac

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The town was once fortified and has houses dating to the 16th and 17th centuries with stone facades and ground floors opening into vaulted arches. Over a window niche in one house there is a carved stone, possibly from the priory, which has a design of either a swastika or a JHS (Jesus Hominum Salvator "Jesus, Saviour of Men") Christogram.

From the Fountain in the Rue de l'Eglise there is a walk along the Rue du Barri-haut (barri is an Occitan word referring to a suburb) to the Place de la Croix (formerly a mission in the 19th century), the Chemin Royal, and the Place du Cloitre.

There is also a statue of the Beast of Gévaudan.

There are several items that are registered as historical objects:

  • Wood panelling in the Maison Reversat (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[5]
  • The War memorial (1919)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]

Religious heritage[edit]

The ancient Cross

Saint-Étienne church was a former Benedictine priory dating back to 1061, attested in 1123 as being in the heart of the barony of Peyre. Much altered in the 12th and 13th centuries, it has retained its Romanesque choir and several Gothic side chapels. The Chevet is in a cul-de-four design with broken ribs in the arch. Inside there are carved capitals of columns resting on the light recesses. Other lighting recesses have human figures at the bottom of the chapel ribs and those of the nave. The furniture and stained glass are modern.

The Saint-Etienne parish church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Above the Place du Foirail is the monument of the Sacred HeartLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24] which is a statue of Jesus, known as the statue of "Christ the King", several metres high dominating the village on a hill named Truc del Fabre. The statue was the work of a sculptor called Marcel Courbier[25] and was erected in 1946 by the village priest. It commemorates the fact that the Second World War had not resulted in any casualties in the village. Every year in summer there is a mass at the foot of the statue.

There are many religious items registered as historical objects in the commune:

  • A Cross in the Presbytery (17th-18th centuries)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
  • A Mysterious Stone in the Saint-Privat ChurchLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]

Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Émile Osty (1887-1981), canon, author of a famous translation of the Bible. He came to spend his holidays at Aumont every year and it was where he wanted to be buried.[28]
  • Jean Lartéguy, born in 1920, writer and journalist.
  • Didier Barbelivien, born in 1954, songwriter.

The Way of Saint James[edit]

Aumont-Aubrac is located on the Via Podiensis, on the Way of St. James, an essential stage for crossing the Aubrac mountains.

The Way comes from Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole and the next commune is Malbouzon.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 15 September 2016 (French)
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Lozère (French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000994 Wood panelling in the Maison Reversat (French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000680 War memorial (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000516 Painting: Virgin in a Chair (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000515 Chasuble, Deacon's Stole, Chalice cover, corporal purse, and Maniple (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000514 Cope (French)
  10. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000475 Reliquary (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000474 Collection Plate (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000473 Pall 9 (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000472 Pall 7 (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000471 Pall 6 (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000470 Pall 5 (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000469 Pall 4 (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000468 Pall 3 (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000467 Pall 2 (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000466 Pall 1 (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000460 Chasuble, Maniple, and Stole (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000459 Chasuble, Stole, Maniple, and Chalice cover (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000458 Chasuble, Stole, Maniple, and corporal purse (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000457 Chalice with Paten (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM48000679 Monument of the Sacred Heart (French)
  25. ^ Marcel Courbier (Nîmes 1898 – Paris 1976), according to Mind of a goat by Jean-Noël Passal page 237.
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000802 Cross in the Presbytery (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM48000801 Mysterious stone in the Saint-Privat Church (French)
  28. ^ Emile Osty website (French)

External links[edit]